emission limit Articles

  • Controlling Fugitive Emissions, Part 2: Permanent Total Enclosure

    Fugitive emissions are the uncontrolled release of gases into the atmosphere. This is something that occurs regularly; in fact, it often happens when we fill our cars' gas tanks. The air being displaced inside the gas tank when it is being filled causes gasoline vapor emissions (hydrocarbons) to exit into the atmosphere in an ...

  • ERG supplied a £2.3m waste gas treatment plant. Over 2 years on and the plant continues to deliver emissions compliance for Saffil - Case study

    Summer 2015 marked the completion of two years successful operation of an ERG (Air Pollution Control) Ltd designed, installed and commissioned waste gas treatment plant at the Saffil production facility in Widnes.  Background Saffil Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of Unifrax, produces high temperature insulation products, for use in automotive catalytic convertors and other ...

  • Hurricane MK cyclone system for PM emission reduction on a 2.5MWth biomass boiler at Britton Timbers. (8 760m3/h at 328°C) - Case Study

    Foreword Advanced Cyclone Systems, S.A. (ACS) designed and supplied a Hurricane Cyclone System type MK for particulate matter reduction from the flue gas of a biomass boiler in Australia. The boiler was installed at Britton Timbers, a diversified company with interests in timber harvesting, sawmilling, international timber import and export, and distribution. From humble ...

  • Reaching Euro VI emissions limits

    The requirements of low and lowest detectable exhaust analysis has prompted Eco Physics to launch a broad range of analyzers for NO/NOx detection. Emissions tuning is one of the targets of the EURO VI regulations as well as US EPA 2010, which are: Reduction of Particulate Matter (PM) and reduction of Nitrogen Oxides (NOx). In the past 15 years – since the first European regulation for exhaust ...


    By ECO PHYSICS INC.

  • Case Study: Monitoring Fuel Treatment with On-Site Fuel Analysis

    Version 8 of our industry leading SpectrOil Optical Emission Spectrometers offers significant performance improvements and enhanced productivity. In particular the sensitivity of the instrument has been improved markedly to allow detection of trace metals down to the part per billion (ppb) level. This capability is particularly important to power generators using liquid fuel, as high levels ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • How big is the distributed energy opportunity for water and wastewater utilities?

    Energy costs for water utilities are large, and growing Energy is a significant cost for many water utilities, and costs are growing as more energy-intensive forms of water supply, including desalination, are being used. Energy is typically the second-largest utility budget item in developed countries, after labour. In many developing countries, energy can account for 70% or even more, of ...

  • Proposed boiler MACT sets aggressive emission limits

    On June 4, 2010, U.S. EPA proposed National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions.  EPA proposed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Limiting greenhouse gas emissions: is the Cancun agreement enough?

    The objective set by the IPPC of limiting the increase in average global temperature to +2°C compared with the pre–industrial era is now accepted by all concerned. This ambitious objective was recognised at the Copenhagen Conference in 2009 and confirmed at Cancun in 2010. There are still no restrictive measures, but to achieve this objective, the main countries contributing to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Boiler mact - what the new emissions limits on industrial boilers mean for you

    Generically known as “Boiler MACT”, the new possible industrial boiler limits directly address emissions of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) from industrial boilers and indirectly address the way that industrial sources operate their boilers. This white paper explains how Boiler MACT affects you and how to maintain operating flexibility while addressing compliance issues. The most ...

  • Delaying substantial emission reductions limits climate policy choices

    If fast and substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is postponed further, there are fewer options available to stay below the 2 °C warming target for the end of the century. Delayed action is likely to require measures that remove CO2 from the atmosphere by planting forests and using bioenergy in combination with carbon capture and storage. The latter technique ...

  • Economic approaches to cost estimates for limiting emissions of carbon dioxide

    Without going into much detail, this paper gives an assessment of the relative strengths and weaknesses of a variety of economic approaches commonly used for cost estimates for limiting CO2 emissions, including the ad hoc approach, the dynamic optimisation approach, the input-output approach, the macroeconomic approach, the computable general equilibrium approach, and the hybrid approach. It ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pushing the Limits of Reengineering

    Cutting-edge turbine technology enables more efficient and cleaner power generation. However, the service of advanced gas turbines is challenging—especially when parts need to be replaced. The example of a blade replacement project shows how Sulzer establishes innovative reengineering processes and contributes to a secure energy supply that causes less carbon emission. A Sulzer ...


    By Sulzer

  • Canada's efforts towards greenhouse gas emission reduction: a case study on the limits of voluntary action and subsidies

    Canada has committed internationally to several agreements to limit climate change, most recently by ratifying the Kyoto Protocol in 2002. However, its domestic climate change policy is not reflective of these international commitments. In particular, federal government climate change policy over the last decade has emphasised noncompulsory policies such as voluntarism, information provision, and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Limited provision of roads as a bottleneck on vehicle CO2 emissions in Asia: an international comparison of national trends

    This paper explores the relationship between road infrastructure, economic growth and road CO2 emissions. The basic premise is that many developing nations have achieved sufficient wealth to generate substantial demand for road vehicles, but that actual use is constrained by limited provision of surfaced roads. Our main result is that for comparable levels of income (GDP/capita), CO2 emissions ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the weaknesses and limitations of EPANET as regards energy

    With more than 1,500 citations in ranked journals and hundreds of thousands of downloads, EPANET is the benchmark software for analysis and design of pressurized water distribution networks. User-friendly, powerful and reliable, its public domain use has spread throughout the world. However, from an energy standpoint its capacity is limited to the point at which, in certain circumstances it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Emissions Trading (Cap and Trade)

    The Kyoto Protocol, adopted by 170 nations but not the US, established the initial carbon trading market. The goal of an emissions trading plan is to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. Typically, a government agency sets an annual limit (cap) on the amount of emissions generated. Companies that emit greenhouse gases are given credits or allowances which represent the right to emit a ...


    By BSC Sustainability Services

  • Emission Testing and Monitoring

    Presented in Track B4: EMISSION TESTING & MONITORING at EUEC 2011, January 31 Phoenix, Arizona B4.1  | Update on PM2.5 and Condensable Particulate Matter Emissions Measurement Methods Larry Hottenstein |  Partner, Environmental Resources Management Following the promulgation of the PM2.5 ...

  • Making money by reducing emissions

    Efforts to reduce emissions are really about changing companies’ behavior. Pressure on companies from various activist groups combined with daily headlines in national and international media are driving various agendas among federal, state and local regulators. The current financial crisis does not appear to have lessened this pressure, rather the opposite. Compliance is now a must; ...


    By VisionMonitor Software, LLC

  • Metal Coating Emission Control

    The use of regenerative thermal oxidizers is expanding into applications where they wouldn’t have been considered years ago, says Mike Scholz As the first generation of oxidizer systems in the industry nears the end of their service life, many canmaking plants face repair or replacement of their existing air pollution control systems. Like many others in the industry, a Silgan canmaking ...

  • Making money by reducing emissions

    Efforts to reduce emissions are really about changing companies' behavior. Pressure on companies from various activist groups combined with daily headlines in national and international media are driving various agendas among federal, state and local regulators. The current financial crisis does not appear to have lessened this pressure, rather the opposite. Compliance is now a must; ...


    By VisionMonitor Software, LLC

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