emission spot trading Articles

  • Emissions Trading, the economy and the environment

    John Kinsman reviews the successes of emissions trading and rebuts fears that trading might lead to localised ‘hot spots’ The US Acid Rain Program, established in 1990 to reduce sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from electric power plants across the ...

  • Does emissions trading lead to air pollution hot spots? Evidence from an urban ozone control programme

    This study is an empirical investigation into the contentious issue of possible sub-area hot spots caused by emissions trading in a pioneering application of a cap-and-trade market approach to reducing aggregate stationary-source volatile organic compound emissions in the Chicago severe ozone non-attainment region. When sub-areas are defined as populated zip codes, 89 out of 95 affected codes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An investigation into the evolved relationship between spot and futures in the European Union Emission Trading Scheme

    This paper fills the gap in the literature that the functions of the European Union Allowance (EUA) futures have only been studied in the pilot phase of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) and no market evolvement has been explored. The cost-of-carry pricing efficiency of the EUA futures and information spillover between the EUA spot market and futures market are examined in Phase ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of the Emissions Trading Directive by EU Member States

    Member States shall report annually on the application of the Emissions Trading Directive, according to Article 21 of the Directive. The reporting obligation will allow the Commission to continuously follow the implementation of the Directive and provide information for the Commission's review report (under Article 30 of the Directive). This is particularly important for the first set of reports. ...

  • Links between spot and futures allowances: ECX and EEX markets comparison

    This paper discusses the relation of spot and futures CO2 allowances, used to model and test forward premium and convenience yield (CY) concepts during 2005–2011. We analyse allowances futures from an ex–post perspective and find positive forward premia for both Phase I and Phase II and for different European markets: European Energy Exchange (EEX) and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Weak-form efficiency of European Union emission trading scheme – evidence from variance ratio tests

    In this paper, we applied single period and multiple period variance ratio (VR) tests to European Union allowance (EUA) spot and futures data since their availability in June 2005 and April 2005 respectively up to the end of January 2010. Comparing Phase 1 (2005-2007) and Phase 2 (2008-2012), we find that the products traded in Phase 2 show weaker rejection against the random walk hypothesis than ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • China readies national carbon market to fight climate change

    BEIJING (AP) - At first, the numbers and company names flashing on a big board in Beijing's financial district suggest a booming market. A closer look indicates otherwise: The scrolling list rotates the same dozen or so trades, all from last year. The lights from the Beijing Environment Exchange - one of seven pilot markets in China for trading carbon - raises ...


    By Associated Press

  • Legal Lookout: EPA Expands Mercury Reduction Program

    Untitled Document Mercury is a naturally occurring metal found in the Earth’s crust. At high doses, mercury is known to cause adverse human health effects. Over the past several ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • If carbon pricing is so great, why isn’t it working?

    Political hurdles and low prices have made carbon pricing a low-impact affair. But there’s still hope it can help limit climate change. Earth’s atmosphere has long served as a free dump for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases generated by humans. That is changing as policy-makers embrace economists’ advice that the best way to cut greenhouse gas emissions is to charge an ...


    By Ensia

  • A look back at U.S. climate policy in 2011

    As the year winds down, it’s a good time to take stock of climate policy in the United States. Here’s a quick round up of what happened – or didn’t happen – in 2011. The year began with big questions about what the Obama Administration and states would do to address climate change and clean energy, absent a comprehensive federal climate policy. This year’s ...

  • Composting - Best bang for MSW management buck

    For many years, life cycle analyses of end-of-life management practices have been available for all of the basic recyclables as well as organics. The life cycle data, usually derived by the US Environmental Protection Agency's Waste Reduction Model (WARM), represents the net greenhouse gas impact of recycling, landfilling or incinerating a variety of material streams. The model calculates ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Leading banks commit to valuing natural capital

    Leading banks commit to Valuing Natural Capital Risk at Rio+20, but why, and how will this translate into action? The CEOs of 37 major financial institutions announced that they would be integrating natural capital considerations into their products and services as a result of their commitment to the UN backed Natural ...


    By Trucost Plc

  • The Myth about LCA in Packaging

    Looking to establish simple goals to drive sustainable packaging? Many companies are focusing on lightweighting, recyclability, recycled content, and renewable content for their sustainable packaging efforts. Bonus: all of these metrics can be measured based on empirical information about the final design alone, thus removing the need to assess the ...


    By thinkstep

  • Should your company be conducting life cycle analyses?

    Many companies have already answered yes to that question – for a combination of reasons typically related to stakeholder interest, key customer demands, public perception, and competitive positioning.  In fact, life cycle analysis (LCA) has increasingly become an important tool in mature corporate sustainability programs, providing organizations with a consistent methodology for ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Women in waste

    The current climate can not be described as prosperous whatever the profession that you are in. It is not a way of ‘living’ but merely a means of ‘surviving’. This has never been more accurate than for the women in waste. The name Jane is defined as one of the many feminine forms of John whereas John is defined as an English masculine name. In the workplace in many industries today, focussing on ...


    By Allen & York Ltd

  • Huge Price Increases Underway from Lamp Manufacturers: The impact of rare earth metals shortages

    Brace Yourself for Record Price Increases from the Lamp Manufacturers. ...


    By Connexion

  • REACH Heads Back to the Drawing Board

    The European Commission's proposals for reforming the EU's chemicals policy with its so-called REACH regime have created the biggest storm in over 30 years of EU environmental policy. The internet consultation on its draft legislative proposals attracted some 7,000 responses over the summer - and provoked a high-level political backlash which has thrown them back into the melting-pot. Since the ...

  • Ask the Experts

    Untitled Document ...


  • Regionally Based Assessment of Persistent Toxic Substances

    Untitled Document EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In 1997 the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Governing Council decided that immediate international action ...


  • The end and beginning of the Arctic

    At the top of the world, it’s time to get ready for a new future. In the winter of 2013–14, hundreds of milk-white birds with luminous yellow eyes and wingspans of up to 5 feet descended on beaches, farmers’ fields, city parks and airport runways throughout southern Canada and the United ...


    By Ensia

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you