emissions allowance Articles

  • Risk and Reward in Allowance Portfolios.

    Emissions allowances held by US power generating companies have market values which in many cases exceed $500 million. Yet they were allocated at zero cost to help companies comply with the US Clean Air Act. Furthermore, annual price volatility of sulphur dioxide (SO2) allowances can exceed 40%. But traditionally these allowances have been managed only to meet compliance obligations without ...


    By IHS Markit

  • How Does a Gas Analyser Work?

    Whatever you want to detect, you need to identify a property of the object that is easy-enough to measure. When it comes to monitoring and analysis of gaseous species (atoms or more commonly molecules), it turns out that it often is possible to utilize the optical properties of the gas. You need a light source, a light detector, and a characteristic behaviour of the gaseous species in question ...


    By Opsis AB

  • Recent Federal Developments

    TSCA/FIFRA EPA Extends Comment Period For Draft Guidance For Pesticide Registrants On Notifications, Non-notifications, And Minor Formulation Amendments: On October 5, 2017, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a notice of extension of the comment period for the draft guidance  ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • The endogenous price dynamics of emission allowances: an application to CO2 option pricing

    During the last decade we have been witness to a significant increase in the attention given by both policy makers and regulators to market-based environmental policy instruments. These are aimed at internalizing costs which previously had been met by those external to the production process, see Pigou (1918). Such policy instruments have emerged as a more cost–effective alternative to ...

  • Legislation Note: The EU greenhouse gas emission allowance trading directive

    INTRODUCTION This note is designed to provide an insight into Directive 2003/87/EC of 13 October 2003 establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC.1 Since 1992, when the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted, greenhouse gas emissions and their possible adverse effect on the ...


  • Allocation of ecologically allowable carbon emissions to countries as a key to more effective post–Kyoto Protocol climate change mitigation law

    The paper proposes novel carbon indicators as effective control instruments to design the post–Kyoto Protocol climate change mitigation law. The allocation of Ecologically Allowable Carbon Emissions (EACE) to countries show that a group of countries needs no emissions reductions today because their actual carbon emissions are below the EACE. The presented approach offers improved flexibility ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evolution of marketable permits: the US experience with sulphur dioxide allowance trading

    The Sulfur Dioxide Allowance Programme, created under Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, is the first national market-based approach to environmental management employed in the United States and represents a radical departure from both the traditional regulatory approach to environmental policy and from previous emissions trading efforts. This paper reviews the goals of the SO2 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Acid Rain Program: SO2 Allowance Trading System Fact Sheet

    The innovative, market-based SO2 allowance trading component of the Acid Rain Program allows utilities to adopt the most cost-effective strategy to reduce SO2 emissions at units in their systems. The Acid Rain Program operating permit outlines the specific program requirements and compliance options chosen by each source. Affected utilities are also required to install systems that continuously ...

  • Allocation of greenhouse gas allowances in the United States – A northeastern example

    The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) initiated the first regional greenhouse gas emissions trading system in the United States. This cap-and-trade program will begin on 1 January 2009 and will include sources from the electricity generating sector. To date, 10 northeastern states have committed themselves to participating, and each state is currently developing laws and regulations to ...

  • Links between spot and futures allowances: ECX and EEX markets comparison

    This paper discusses the relation of spot and futures CO2 allowances, used to model and test forward premium and convenience yield (CY) concepts during 2005–2011. We analyse allowances futures from an ex–post perspective and find positive forward premia for both Phase I and Phase II and for different European markets: European Energy Exchange (EEX) and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • State of the SIP Call - A plan to expand the US trading scheme in emissions allowances for nitrogen oxides has been contested in a series of court cases for more than a year.

    Emissions Trading, the economy and the environmentJohn Kinsman - October 2002 Preserving the SO2 marketNorman Fichthorn and Allison Wood - September 2002 ...

  • RFA Asks EPA To Allow Higher Ethanol Blends In Midwest Region After Refinery Outage Leads To High Prices At The Pump

    On August 14, 2015, the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) asked EPA to waive Reid Vapor Pressure requirements for E15 and to also allow E12 blending. Reid Vapor Pressure is a measure of gasoline's volatility and is regulated in the summer months to reduce health ...

  • Emissions Trading (Cap and Trade)

    The Kyoto Protocol, adopted by 170 nations but not the US, established the initial carbon trading market. The goal of an emissions trading plan is to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. Typically, a government agency sets an annual limit (cap) on the amount of emissions generated. Companies that emit greenhouse gases are given credits or allowances which represent the right to emit a ...


    By BSC Sustainability Services

  • Emissions Trading, the economy and the environment

    John Kinsman reviews the successes of emissions trading and rebuts fears that trading might lead to localised ‘hot spots’ The US Acid Rain Program, established in 1990 to reduce sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from electric power plants across the ...

  • Forklift Emissions Analyzers

    Forklifts are commonly used in warehouses of various size and capacity for the movement and shipping of goods; however, the unoptimized engines can produce excess quantities of silent and deadly CO gas that can risk the health and safety of the workers. When forklifts are brought in for service usually the CO gas isn't measured. If the CO gas isn't measured and the engine properly optimized then ...

  • Emissions reduction with Diesel blending

    Diesel technologies are develops by huge rates. Modification of cars with diesel engines make a half of the new cars sold in Europe. The black smoke, noisy engine operation and unpleasant smell remained far in the past. Today diesel engines present not only profitability, but also high capacity and worthy dynamic characteristics. Quality of fuel also is changed. The modern diesel blending has ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Tackling remediation emissions

    Organisations commissioning regeneration projects now have the option to substantially reduce the carbon emissions associated with any remediation project, while offsetting the remaining carbon impact of these works, says Joe Teer, operations director of QDS. QDS introduced a carbon neutral remediation (CNR) service earlier this year triggered at this particular time by the fact ...


  • EU Emissions Trading

    Untitled Document The European Union ...

  • Metal Coating Emission Control

    The use of regenerative thermal oxidizers is expanding into applications where they wouldn’t have been considered years ago, says Mike Scholz As the first generation of oxidizer systems in the industry nears the end of their service life, many canmaking plants face repair or replacement of their existing air pollution control systems. Like many others in the industry, a Silgan canmaking ...

  • Emissions Reduction with Diesel Blending

    Diesel technologies are develops by huge rates. Modification of cars with diesel engines make a half of the new cars sold in Europe. The black smoke, noisy engine operation and unpleasant smell remained far in the past. Today diesel engines present not only profitability, but also high capacity and worthy dynamic characteristics. Quality of fuel also is changed. The modern diesel blending has ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

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