emissions calculation Articles

  • Calculation of energy recovery and greenhouse gas emission reduction from palm oil mill effluent treatment by an anaerobic granular-sludge process

    Conventional aerobic and low-rate anaerobic processes such as pond and open-tank systems have been widely used in wastewater treatment. In order to improve treatment efficacy and to avoid greenhouse gas emissions, conventional treatment can be upgraded to a high performance anaerobic granular-sludge system. The anaerobic granular-sludge systems are designed to capture the biogas produced, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development and testing of a European Union –wide farm‐level carbon calculator

    Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture accounted for around 10% of total European Union (EU) emissions in 2010. To reduce farming‐related GHG emissions, appropriate policy measures and supporting tools for promoting low‐carbon farming practices may be efficacious. This paper presents the methodology and testing results of a new EU‐wide farm‐level carbon footprint calculator. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Sensitivity of urban dispersion calculations to urban meteorology (COST 715)

    Generally, the worst air pollution occurs in cities. This paper describes the COST 715 programme, which is a European activity supporting scientific exchange and networks on 'meteorology applied to urban air pollution problems'. For urban pollution assessments one needs the input of pollution near the ground, 'averaged' over an area containing a mixture of houses, gardens, streets, etc. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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