emissions trading Articles

  • Emissions Trading (Cap and Trade)

    The Kyoto Protocol, adopted by 170 nations but not the US, established the initial carbon trading market. The goal of an emissions trading plan is to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. Typically, a government agency sets an annual limit (cap) on the amount of emissions generated. Companies that emit greenhouse gases are given credits or allowances which represent the right to emit a ...


    By BSC Sustainability Services

  • EU emissions trading scheme

    The next couple of years will be crucial for the future of trading greenhouse gases (GHGs). Europe is reviewing the way its trading system operates to address the lessons it has learned to date and increasingly others are designing and implementing trading programs. New Zealand has recently published its proposals, Australia is looking at how it would implement a trading system, and a growing ...

  • Mercury - A Challenge for Emissions Trading

    There is growing concern about the damaging effects of mercury pollution. Could emissions trading provide a solution? Donna Danihel and Dave Michaud ...

  • Emissions Trading, the economy and the environment

    John Kinsman reviews the successes of emissions trading and rebuts fears that trading might lead to localised ‘hot spots’ The US Acid Rain Program, established in 1990 to reduce sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from electric power plants across the ...

  • EU Emissions Trading

    Untitled Document The European Union ...

  • Australian emissions trading scheme review

    The Garnaut Climate Change Review’s approach to mitigation was initially set out in the Interim Report in February 2008. This paper focuses on the key role for an emissions trading scheme (ETS) in those mitigation efforts. It recommends an approach for Governments to consider in developing and delivering an effective ETS. Further consideration, informed by detailed economic modelling, will be ...

  • Emissions Trading - Ontario sets out emissions trading plans

    Canadian province of Ontario has issued a discussion paper proposing a hybrid emissions trading scheme covering nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide. Elisabeth DeMarco examines the plans for a scheme that could form the basis for a wider emissions trading system. Ontario sets out emissions trading plans In late March, the Ontario Ministry of the Environment (MoE) released a policy option paper, ...


  • EU emissions trading – Latest developments

    In this article some of the latest developments in phase I of trading in the EU ETS are examined together with the European Commission's (Commission) decisions on the phase II national allocation plans (NAPs) so far submitted. It also considers the ongoing review of the EU ETS and the proposed extension of the scheme to other areas, as well as other relevant developments in this ...

  • Application of the EU Emissions Trading Directive

    Synthesising Member State reporting on the ETS The European Union (EU) emissions trading system (ETS) is one of the key climate policy instruments implemented in the EU to achieve its emission reductions objectives in a cost‑effective manner. The EU Emissions Trading Directive (EU, 2003, referred to hereafter as the 'EU ETS Directive'), and in particular Article 21 ...

  • NOx and SOx Emissions Trading in Ontario

    Erik Haites outlines an unusual emissions trading programme due to begin next year. The government of Ontario recently announced its intention to establish an emissions trading programme for NOx and SOx emissions (oxides of nitrogen and sulphur) from all coal- or oil-fired electric generating plants in the province with a capacity greater than 25 MW beginning on 1 January 2001. This programme is ...

  • Extensions to the emission trading system in Spain

    Climate change is the subject of debate these days derived from the Copenhagen Summit, where the major commitments and agreements have been discussed. In any case, the commitment within the EU is strong and clear for the immediate future. The commitments to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases within the EU framework have as their main flagship the Emission Trading System (ETS) regime established ...

  • WTO law and international emissions trading: Is there potential for conflict?

    In order to meet their emission reduction targets with minimum adverse effects on their economies, it is highly likely that UNFCCC Annex I governments will pursue emission reduction policies in such a way as to require of foreign products to mirror the “climate costs” of their production processes or to favour domestic “climate friendly” producers over foreign ones. Such treatments could occur in ...

  • Application of the Emissions Trading Directive by EU Member States

    According to Article 21 of the Emissions Trading Directive Member States shall report annually on the application of the directive. The reporting obligation will allow the European Commission to continuously follow the implementation of the directive and provide information for the European Commission's review report under Article 30 of the directive. This is particularly important for the first ...

  • Wallström Warms to Role for Aviation in EU Emissions Trading

    EU Environment Commissioner Margot Wallström has expressed cautious support for allowing European flights into the EU emissions trading scheme from 2008. Airport operator BAA has developed proposals to allow airlines to offset their rising emissions by buying EU allowances - and the UK Government looks likely to back the idea in its forthcoming aviation White Paper. Aviation's soaring ...

  • Economic Analysis of EU-Wide Emissions Trading in CO2

    In preparation of the Green Paper on greenhouse gas emissions trading within the European Union, the cost implications of EU-wide emissions trading carbon dioxide were estimated by E3-Lab with their PRIMES energy systems model. The results are available in The Economic Effects of EU-wide Industry-Level Emission Trading to Reduce Greenhouse Gases - Results from PRIMES model. ...

  • The role of emissions trading in implementing the UN Climate Convention

    The Kyoto Protocol to the UN Climate Convention allows countries to meet greenhouse gas emission commitments in part through emissions trading. There is no precedent for a global regime and only the USA has domestic experience. The USA would prefer minimal constraints on greenhouse gas trading. The EU would like rules guaranteeing that trading will be supplemental to domestic action and that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Carbon emission trading in India and Sri Lanka

    Kyoto Protocol has established three trading mechanisms, namely International Emission Trading (IET), Joint Implementation (JI) and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) which enable industrialised countries to achieve carbon emission reduction targets as economically as possible. Out of these three mechanisms, CDM is the most important mechanism for the developing countries. CDM allows the carbon ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of the Emissions Trading Directive by EU Member States

    Member States shall report annually on the application of the Emissions Trading Directive, according to Article 21 of the Directive. The reporting obligation will allow the Commission to continuously follow the implementation of the Directive and provide information for the Commission's review report (under Article 30 of the Directive). This is particularly important for the first set of reports. ...

  • Application of the emissions trading directive by EU Member States

    This report presents information on the introduction of the European Emissions Trading System as reported by the Member States (in accordance with Article 21 of the Emissions Trading Directive). It covers the period until 30 April 2005. Since the reports from Member States only cover the first four months of the first trading year the information is limited, especially concerning the real ...

  • Which sectors should be covered by emissions trading regulations?

    For the first time, the US Congress is debating climate change policy in a serious way. A number of bills have been introduced that would establish greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading programs as part of efforts to address climate change. In discussions on climate policy proposals, the stringency and timing of emissions reduction targets are often seen as determining program costs. Allocation ...

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