en1822-4 Articles

  • How Does a Water Flow Meter Work?

    A water flow meter is a device that measures the amount of water flowing through a pipe. There are several water flow meter technologies to choose from depending on the water measurement application, maintenance requirements, and budgetary terms.  Each of these types of water flow meters has a unique principle of operation, specific application benefits, and overall ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Volvo dealer in Sweden compares air quality indoor and outdoor - Case Study

    Two AQMesh pods were used to measure NO, NO2, O3 and CO during May and June 2017 at the largest combined Volvo, Ford and Renault car dealer in Stockholm, Sweden, located on the highway between Stockholm city centre and Arlanda airport. The objective was to measure the air quality outside and inside the combined showroom and workshop, demonstrating the importance of measuring common ...


    By AQMesh

  • Where Is the Most Water Reuse Taking Place?

    Water reuse is becoming increasingly important as water scarcity becomes prevalent throughout the world. Whether it’s referred to as water reuse, water recycling, water reclamation, or another name, the resulting purified wastewater can be used in many applications, both potable and nonpotable. In some places, water reuse has been slow to catch on, particularly because of the so-called ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Why LIBS means lower cost of ownership

    Laser Induced Breakdown Spectrometry (LIBS) and X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) handheld analysers are both compact, easy-to-use and fast. Materials can be identified at the pull of a trigger. It’s that simple. Often, cost is a key factor in the decision making process, especially when it comes to thinking about overheads long-term. When both products are comparably priced and have a similar ...

  • What are the main indicators of water quality?

    “Water is the driving force of all nature;” so said Leonardo da Vinci. The survival of our planet depends on the availability of water and the condition that it is in. It is therefore vital to make sure that it is able to provide a hospitable environment for those that live in it, and is free from harmful levels of substances for those that drink it. Not ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Using THz spectroscopy to analyse atomic layer deposited (ALD) TiN

    Oxford Instruments and das-nano demonstrate non-destructive wafer based thickness and resistivity metrology for PEALD TiN. Commonly titanium nitride (TiN) thickness and resistivity wafer fab in-line metrology is based on ellipsometry and 4-point probe resistivity mapping. Alternative and relatively slower or more complex methods are X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray ...


    By Oxford Instruments plc

  • Understanding 4-20mA Communications

    Imagine this: You’ve got your meter with 4-20mA output setup. Confidently, you flip the switch, turning it on, and then it happens: the readings are off. You’re not getting the output you need. Frustrated, you tinker with it, and still nothing. Now, you’re out of your depth. You need to get this thing working so you can get your application up and running. What are you ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Industrial Laundry-4

    This facility washes heavy industrial rags and towels from furniture manufacturing, ink roll towels, automotive and other operations. The wastewater process uses flow equalization for the 60,000 gpd flow, pH adjustment with sulfuric acid, coagulation, metal precipitation, flocculation followed by dissolved air flotation. The facility had difficulty meeting the effluent metals for Copper (1.5 ppm) ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • To integrate, or not to integrate... Part 4

    We’ll conclude our discussion on Integrated Management Systems by looking at the supposed ‘Holy Grail’ of business management: an EHS and Quality management system that goes many steps further and is applied across all business lines, even those outside EHS and Quality realms. This would be a truly integrated management system that could cover areas such as corporate governance, ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • 4 Types of Contaminants in Water

    The EPA says that there are 4 type of water contaminants: physical, chemical, radiological, and biological. Its definition includes anything that is not an actual water molecule. That means that naturally occurring things like sediment and water weeds are considered contaminants along with things like oil and uranium. Chances are good that the type of contaminants your company needs to keep out ...

  • What are the 4 Different Types of Noise?

    Noise comes in all shapes, sizes and sounds. It’s part of our everyday lives but before you can accurately measure it, you need to know what the different types of noise are. Here’s my advice. Whether it’s the innocent beep, a plane flying overhead or heavy machinery in your workplace, you ...


    By Cirrus Research plc

  • Stormwater treatment area 3/4

    Restore the Everglades That's the task the Florida Legislature set for the South Florida Water Management District. But how? Decades of development had eliminated the sheet flow of water from Lake Okeechobee. Densely populated cities and a 700,000-acre agricultural area, drained by 1,500 miles of canals and levees, now lay between the lake and the Everglades. Wetlands have disappeared. ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Chapter 4: three industrial revolutions

    The management and prevention of technological risks and failures pose various industrial, political and theoretical challenges. This is due to the fact that the increasing complexity of technological systems invariably leads to increasing risk, especially when scientists and engineers are constantly pushing the limits of technological knowledge, harnessing vast forces of nature without full ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biological and Biochemical Applications of the FluoroMax-4

    The FluoroMax-4, alone or when equipped with optional automated polarizers, phosphorimeter, and timecorrelated single-photon counting accessory, can illuminate biochemical research into gene-expression using molecular beacons, Förster resonance energy-transfer between biomolecules, and anisotropy studies within biochemical ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • 4 Steps to Improved Performance Verification

    The performance of any measuring device will change over time and must be regularly verified. A new checklist explains how to set up a performance verification plan for weighing equipment that is GMP-compliant and cost-efficient. Download the ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • A bonus for 4-wheel drive SUVs?

    SUVs, often with 4-wheel drive option and larger vehicles, often running on diesel to benefit from lower consumption and lower fuel price, might soon be taxed because they pollute too much. Among the comments that followed these news, advices such as using bicycles or waiting for hydrogen cars or else to choose smaller models, not necessarily highly efficient regarding CO2 emissions, could be ...

  • Materiality assessments in 4 simple steps

    What is it? Materiality. It’s a concept that comes up more and more frequently – especially when it comes to discussions of sustainability. But what is it exactly and how and why is it applicable to EHS? Put simply. Materiality is a principle to help define and determine the business, social and environmental topics that matter most to a business and its ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • 4 Big ideas to revolutionize transportation

    Two leaders on urban development recently came together on the same stage: Dr. Jim Yong Kim and Mayor Michael Bloomberg. Kim, president of the World Bank, and Bloomberg, mayor of New York City, headlined a panel at the Transforming Transportation conference, an event co-organized by the World Bank and WRI’s EMBARQ ...

  • EEA Briefing 4/2006 - Urban sprawl in Europe

    Europe is one of the most urbanised continents on earth, with approximately 75 % of its population living in urban areas. The urban future of Europe, however, is a matter of great concern. More than a quarter of the European Union's territory has now been directly affected by urban land use. By 2020, approximately 80 % of Europeans will be living in urban areas. In seven countries the proportion ...

  • 4 Red Flags in an Environmental Management System Audit

    Is your environmental management system working for you or are you working for it? An all-too-common approach to running an environmental management system (EMS) is a procedural, documentation-oriented approach where the mere existence of EMS procedures makes an organization falsely believe they have an effective program. In fact, this procedural-documentation approach often does little ...


    By WasteStrategies

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