environmental economics Articles

  • Measurement, Motivations And Opportunities To Waste Less Food

    Oregon Department of Environmental Quality releases findings on psychological, socio-economic and structural drivers that contribute to generation of preventable wasted food in households. An estimated 30 to 40 percent of all food produced and imported for consumption in the United States is never eaten. In Oregon, as part of a statewide strategy to prevent the wasting of food, the Oregon ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The economics of global environmental sustainability

    We will soon be at a global crossroads when it comes to sustainability, and Dr. Wiebe believes that creating more resilient cities and sustainably responsible countries will reshape the world as we know it. Mediaplanet: People are often overwhelmed by the environmental challenges facing the world. How do you maintain optimism in the face of so much adversity? Dr. ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Economic Analysis of Environmental Externalities

    ' Economic analysis of pollution prevention and abatement measures requires estimating the potential benefits from controlling pollution as well as the better-known costs of new equipment or processes. This note discusses the economic analysis of environmental externalities, using a wide range of valuation techniques.' Industrial activities often produce various pollutants; these include air and ...


    By The World Bank

  • An environmental and economic assessment of mopeds in Denmark

    There are approximately 160,000 mopeds in Denmark. In other words, one in every 33 Danes owns a moped. Of these mopeds, half have a legal maximum speed of 45 km/h and the other half of 30 km/h. An environmental and economic assessment proves that mopeds have significant environmental and road safety problems. For a start, mopeds emit 1% of all PM10 emitted by urban road traffic in Denmark, and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Planning and Economics

    Planning for Water Recycling In the face of limits on available surface water resources, and increasing vulnerability to drought and climate change, many water authorities are looking to diversify their sources of supply. Options to diversify supplies include groundwater sources, use of recycled water, or desalination of seawater. Recycled water is a good ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The use of the environmental Kuznets curve: environmental and economic implications

    The environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis postulates an inverted-U-shaped relationship between different pollutants and per capita income, i.e., environmental pressure increases up to a certain level as income grows and then it decreases. This paper reviews some theoretical developments and empirical studies dealing with this phenomenon. In particular, it is argued that the optimistic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An introductory note on the environmental economics of the circular economy

    This paper provides an introduction to some of the fundamental principles and approaches in environmental economics which are of significance to achieving an integrated sustainability science. The concept of a circular economy, introduced by the late David Pearce in 1990, addresses the interlinkages of the four economic functions of the environment. The environment not only provides amenity ...


    By Springer

  • Energy efficiency: economic constraints to environmental quality

    Energy use is often seen as an area where the "sustainable" use of resources is low, and "sustainability" improvements advocated. This article demonstrates that for electricity supply, consumers' value for avoiding supply interruptions means that excess supply over actual use is optimal. It reviews stated preference studies that have measured consumers' value for improving ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Book Review: Economic Institutions and Environmental Policy

    Economic Institutions and Environmental Policy, edited by Maurizio Franzini and Antonio Nicita. Ashgate, 2002. 240pp. ISBN 1-84014-150-6Keywords: book ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chapter 1: Issues of global environmental economics

    The focus of this first chapter is to address and analyse some specific and unifying issues at the interface of energy use and environmental management from a global perspective. These issues will be examined at various instances throughout the book. We start from the fact that carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere affects the radiation balance of the Earth, and that increasing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic and Environmental Benefits Flow From Filtration Technology

    Crossflow filtration operations typically fall into one of four categories: microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), and hyperfiltration more commonly known as reverse osmosis (RO). The most common of the operations is reverse osmosis due to its ability to remove dissolved impurities including dissolved salts. Crossflow filtration machines typically include the membrane ...


  • The economic downturn. Is environmental resource conservation still possible?

    The recent world wide economic crisis has drastically refocused our priorities.  Many of us have seen our retirement portfolios dwindle and real estate values plummet, while federal, state and local governments are scrambling for funding as budgets disappear. Even obtaining financing for all but the essentials has become more difficult. Advisors caution U.S. President-elect Barak Obama that ...


    By Three Ravens Ranch

  • Eco-Efficient Leadership for Improved Economic and Environmental Performance

    Eco-efficiency is a management philosophy. It encourages businesses to become more competitive, more innovative and more environmentally responsible. This paper outlines the main elements of this developing concept and provides examples of how it has improved the economic and environmental performance of companies.  ...

  • Endogenous technology and environmental quality in economic models

    The debate on the relationship between the economy and the environment focuses on the question whether there is a trade-off between economic growth and environmental quality. In order to enable a quantification of this essentially empirical question, it is necessary to integrate the environment into economic models. This article considers the integration of the environment in models of economic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An Environmental & Economic Analysis for Reducing Energy Subsidies

    This paper estimates the trend of total energy subsidies from year 2003 (that is 16.68 % of GDP) and running a model, predicts that energy subsidies will reach to 20% of GDP by 2019 if subsidies continue. Also environmental damage costs of energy consumption have been entered the model (Environmental Cost-Benefit Analysis Model: ECBA Model) in addition to the vast amounts of ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Trends in biosolids handling technologies: economics and environmental factors

    Changes in activated sludge technology, with a much greater focus on nutrient removal instead of removal of organics, together with relatively long sludge mean that the primary sludge stream has been lost, and the sludge produced is less degradable. At the same time with the growing importance of sustainable solutions, beneficial agricultural use is being increasingly used. This changes quality ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Valuing Environmental Health Effects – An Economic Perspective

    This paper provides an overview of some of the issues involved in comparing benefit-cost analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis based on quality-adjusted life-years as alternative approaches to assessing environmental policies that affect human health. It concludes that: (i) although QALYs have the advantage of reflecting policy impacts on both health status and longevity in a single scalar ...


    By Springer

  • Environmental damage, abatement and sustainable economic growth

    This paper investigates the impact of abatement policies on the environment and economic growth. Environmental damage is a by-product of industrial production. As pollution reduces the welfare of every individual, it constitutes a negative impact of production. We focus on abatement policies to regenerate the environment. In social optimum, we obtain a simple rule for abatement expenditures. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental policy and corporate environmental behaviour in India: social, economic and legal aspects

    Countries all over the world find sustainability to be a major concern, and India is no exception. The Indian environmental management system today clearly reflects this global concern. Global economic forces have impacted environmental management in India on many fronts, such as pollution control, preservation and promotion of ecology, environmental legislation, multilateral environmental ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Grounds for regulation and intervention in environmental matters: view of environmental and ecological economics

    The view taken by environmental economics of the environment tends to see it as having certain characteristics. Among these are that it is a free good, inexhaustible, belonging to nobody and without any form of regulatory price, in the absence of an exchange value. These characteristics lead to indiscriminate use and exploitation beyond what would be socially desirable, giving rise to negative ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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