environmental economics Articles

  • The economics of global environmental sustainability

    We will soon be at a global crossroads when it comes to sustainability, and Dr. Wiebe believes that creating more resilient cities and sustainably responsible countries will reshape the world as we know it. Mediaplanet: People are often overwhelmed by the environmental challenges facing the world. How do you maintain optimism in the face of so much adversity? Dr. ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Economic Analysis of Environmental Externalities

    ' Economic analysis of pollution prevention and abatement measures requires estimating the potential benefits from controlling pollution as well as the better-known costs of new equipment or processes. This note discusses the economic analysis of environmental externalities, using a wide range of valuation techniques.' Industrial activities often produce various pollutants; these include air and ...


    By The World Bank

  • Advancements in Scaling Calculations and an in depth look at Antiscalant dosing for stressed waters and high recovery systems

    Abstract Over the past few decades the Reverse Osmosis (RO) industry has observed an increase in applications in challenging waters. Water sources that were never considered suitable for RO are now commonplace, including municipal waste streams, industrial waste, and even mining waste. Furthermore, regulatory restrictions, environmental obligations, solid waste expenses, and water supply ...


    By Avista Technologies

  • Control Algae and Improve the Water Quality in Waste Stabilization Ponds

    Due to population growth, accelerated urbanisation and economic development, the quantity of waste water generated is increasing globally. Mainly in low-income areas, a large proportion of the waste water is discharged directly in the environment. When the waste water is treated, the treatment plants may not remove certain pollutants that can have a negative impact on the people and ecosystem. ...


    By LG Sonic

  • What makes farmers try new practices?

    Change is never easy. But when it comes to adopting new agricultural practices, some farmers are easier to convince than others. A group of researchers at the University of Illinois wanted to know which farmers are most likely to adopt multifunctional perennial cropping systems -- trees, shrubs, or grasses that simultaneously benefit the environment and generate high-value products ...


    By ScienceDaily

  • Fire Codes: A Foundation of Safety for a Rapidly Changing World

    Chief among these safety features is fire protection. There are myriad codes and regulations relating to fire safety in commercial buildings, from standards on portable fire extinguishers to the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection — the U.S.- based National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) alone has more than 300 consensus codes that have been adopted in whole or in part ...

  • An environmental and economic assessment of mopeds in Denmark

    There are approximately 160,000 mopeds in Denmark. In other words, one in every 33 Danes owns a moped. Of these mopeds, half have a legal maximum speed of 45 km/h and the other half of 30 km/h. An environmental and economic assessment proves that mopeds have significant environmental and road safety problems. For a start, mopeds emit 1% of all PM10 emitted by urban road traffic in Denmark, and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Planning and Economics

    Planning for Water Recycling In the face of limits on available surface water resources, and increasing vulnerability to drought and climate change, many water authorities are looking to diversify their sources of supply. Options to diversify supplies include groundwater sources, use of recycled water, or desalination of seawater. Recycled water is a good ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The use of the environmental Kuznets curve: environmental and economic implications

    The environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis postulates an inverted-U-shaped relationship between different pollutants and per capita income, i.e., environmental pressure increases up to a certain level as income grows and then it decreases. This paper reviews some theoretical developments and empirical studies dealing with this phenomenon. In particular, it is argued that the optimistic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energy efficiency: economic constraints to environmental quality

    Energy use is often seen as an area where the "sustainable" use of resources is low, and "sustainability" improvements advocated. This article demonstrates that for electricity supply, consumers' value for avoiding supply interruptions means that excess supply over actual use is optimal. It reviews stated preference studies that have measured consumers' value for improving ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chapter 1: Issues of global environmental economics

    The focus of this first chapter is to address and analyse some specific and unifying issues at the interface of energy use and environmental management from a global perspective. These issues will be examined at various instances throughout the book. We start from the fact that carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere affects the radiation balance of the Earth, and that increasing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Book Review: Economic Institutions and Environmental Policy

    Economic Institutions and Environmental Policy, edited by Maurizio Franzini and Antonio Nicita. Ashgate, 2002. 240pp. ISBN 1-84014-150-6Keywords: book ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An introductory note on the environmental economics of the circular economy

    This paper provides an introduction to some of the fundamental principles and approaches in environmental economics which are of significance to achieving an integrated sustainability science. The concept of a circular economy, introduced by the late David Pearce in 1990, addresses the interlinkages of the four economic functions of the environment. The environment not only provides amenity ...


    By Springer

  • Economic and Environmental Benefits Flow From Filtration Technology

    Crossflow filtration operations typically fall into one of four categories: microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), and hyperfiltration more commonly known as reverse osmosis (RO). The most common of the operations is reverse osmosis due to its ability to remove dissolved impurities including dissolved salts. Crossflow filtration machines typically include the membrane ...


  • Eco-Efficient Leadership for Improved Economic and Environmental Performance

    Eco-efficiency is a management philosophy. It encourages businesses to become more competitive, more innovative and more environmentally responsible. This paper outlines the main elements of this developing concept and provides examples of how it has improved the economic and environmental performance of companies.  ...

  • Endogenous technology and environmental quality in economic models

    The debate on the relationship between the economy and the environment focuses on the question whether there is a trade-off between economic growth and environmental quality. In order to enable a quantification of this essentially empirical question, it is necessary to integrate the environment into economic models. This article considers the integration of the environment in models of economic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The economic downturn. Is environmental resource conservation still possible?

    The recent world wide economic crisis has drastically refocused our priorities.  Many of us have seen our retirement portfolios dwindle and real estate values plummet, while federal, state and local governments are scrambling for funding as budgets disappear. Even obtaining financing for all but the essentials has become more difficult. Advisors caution U.S. President-elect Barak Obama that ...


    By Three Ravens Ranch

  • Economic evaluation and environmental benefits of biofuel: an Indian perspective

    Biomass based fuel technologies are rapidly developing and the barriers in implementing such technologies are being identified to achieve their widespread commercialisation. The two most common biofuels are biodiesel and bioethanol. About 500 million litres of ethanol is required in India itself for 10% blending to gasoline. Indian Planning Commission sees tremendous potential in Jatropha curcus ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An Environmental & Economic Analysis for Reducing Energy Subsidies

    This paper estimates the trend of total energy subsidies from year 2003 (that is 16.68 % of GDP) and running a model, predicts that energy subsidies will reach to 20% of GDP by 2019 if subsidies continue. Also environmental damage costs of energy consumption have been entered the model (Environmental Cost-Benefit Analysis Model: ECBA Model) in addition to the vast amounts of ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Trends in biosolids handling technologies: economics and environmental factors

    Changes in activated sludge technology, with a much greater focus on nutrient removal instead of removal of organics, together with relatively long sludge mean that the primary sludge stream has been lost, and the sludge produced is less degradable. At the same time with the growing importance of sustainable solutions, beneficial agricultural use is being increasingly used. This changes quality ...


    By Cambi Group AS

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