environmental geochemistry Articles

  • Ecological risk assessment of boreal sediments affected by metal mining: Metal geochemistry, seasonality, and comparison of several risk assessment methods

    The mining industry is a common source of environmental metal emissions, which cause long‐lasting effects in aquatic ecosystems. Metal risk assessment is challenging due to variations in metal distribution, speciation, and bioavailability. Therefore, seasonal effects must be better understood, especially in boreal regions in which seasonal changes are large. We sampled 4 Finnish lakes and ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Environmental assessment of marine sediments off Poompuhar, Southeast Coast of India

    The environmental conditions Off Poompuhar was inferred with the aid of 38 sediment samples collected off Bay of Bengal north of Nagappattinam. Sediments were analysed to understand the geochemistry (textural analysis, TOC, CaCO 3 , major and trace elements) along the coastal tracts and their pollution rate using various geochemical indices. Metals like Cu, Cr and Zr shows enrichment more than ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental geochemical assessment of the late marshes and swamps of southern Iraq: special focus on heavy metals

    The accumulation of six heavy metals in fine-grained sediments from the sediments of the late marshes and swamps of southern Iraq is evaluated. The dynamic features of Euphrates and Tigris rivers influence the distribution of the metals in the study area. In the analysed sediments Co, Zn, Cr and Cu concentrations approach the average concentration in the Earth's crust and uncontaminated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hitting the Bull`s-Eye in Groundwater Sampling

    Many commonly used groundwater sampling techniques and procedures have resulted from methods developed for water supply investigations. These methods have persisted, even though the monitoring goals may have changed from water supply development to contaminant source and plume delineation. Unfortunately, the use of these methods can result in an incorrect understanding of the contaminant ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Ground Water Sampling for Metal Analyses

    The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water scientists, representing EPA’s Regional Superfund Offices, organized to exchange up-to-date information related to ground-water remediation at Superfund sites. Filtration of ground-water samples for metals analysis is an issue identified by the Forum as a concern of Superfund decisionmakers. Inconsistency in EPA Superfund ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • Comparison of Eight Innovative Site Characterization Tools Used to Investigate

    Environmental assessment of contaminated sites often requires delineation of the pathways of contaminant migration. Often, the pathways are strongly affected by the subsurface geology. At Vandenberg AFB in California, an accidental release of gasoline containing MTBE occurred at a base gasoline station in 1994. Dissolution of the gasoline into groundwater has created a dissolved MTBE plume at ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Spatial and temporal variations in the transport and storage of trace metal contaminants in the upper Rio Pilcomayo, southern Bolivia

    Mining of the Cerro Rico de Potosi precious metal-polymetallic tin deposits of Bolivia began in 1545 and has led to severe contamination of water and sediments of the upper Rio Pilcomayo drainage system. Detailed geomorphological, stratigraphic and geochemical analyses show that the downstream transport and deposition of sediment-borne trace metals from Cerro Rico vary among three types of river ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hydrogeology in North America: past and future

    This paper is a retrospective on the evolution of hydrogeology in North America over the past two centuries, and a brief speculation of its future. The history of hydrogeology is marked by developments in many different fields such as groundwater hydrology, soil mechanics, soil science, economic geology, petroleum engineering, structural geology, geochemistry, geophysics, marine geology, and more ...


    By Springer

  • The Sustainable Management of Metal-Rich Ecosystems: Lessons from an Historic Mining Area

    In the absence of human intervention the ecosystem that develops on an historic mining site adapts to tolerate the particular set of environmental conditions that the mining activity has created. Often this naturally developed ecosystem is of high biodiversity value because only a particular assemblage of organisms can survive on such a stressed site. Stresses may be due not just to high ...


    By Impact Ecology

  • Lead from gasoline discovered in Indian Ocean

    Levels began to climb in the 1970s, peaking a decade ago — a timeline consistent with the region’s pattern of leaded gasoline use. Written by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office.You can read the original new in MIT NewsSince the 1970s, leaded gasoline has been slowly phased out ...

  • Bioaugmentation is a cost-effective and sustainable remediation alternative

    Selecting a remediation alternative that is compatible with the natural soil and ground water conditions is not only a more sustainable approach, but leads to significant savings. Comparison between bioaugmentation and other remediation methods in the five recognized sustainability criteria demonstrates the advantages of bioaugmentation. While this paper is nota complete quantitative analysis, it ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Zero Valent Iron - Normalizing and Valueing Surface Area Claims

    Synthesis: The synthetic method used to produce the ZVI particles is crucial for cost, reactivity, and the ability of the particle to transport through the subsurface. The chemical and physical synthesis of ZVI particles will impart differing reactivity, particle shape, and impurities in the ZVI particles which can have both positive and negative effects on remediation properties. ...

  • Sequential Extraction Procedure

    Sequential extraction is an analytical process that chemically leaches metals out of soil, sediment and sludge samples. The purpose of sequential “selective” extraction is to mimic the release of the selective metals into solution under various environmental conditions. One commonly used sequential extraction procedure is designed to partition different trace metals based on their ...


  • EOS Permeable reactive barriers successfully treat a large Trichloroethene plume - Case Study

    Historical use of trichloroethene (TCE) and other chlorinated solvents at a former au-tomotive parts manufacturing plant in Indiana resulted in a large groundwater plume, stretching approximately 2 miles from the site. TetraTech GEO evaluated sev-eral remedial alternatives and selected enhanced in situ bioremediation to reduce contaminant concentrations and eliminate continued plume migration at ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Time for a Reality Check - A GLOBE-Net Editorial

    Two highly topical energy-related issues have engaged Canadian environmental interests of late and are shaping governmental policies at both the national and provincial level. These are the role of natural gas as a transition fuel to a lower-carbon future, and building the infrastructure needed to move Alberta heavy oil to the West Coast for export to Asian markets. Passions run high on both ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Personal Account: Stanford Geothermal Workshop

    AltaRock Energy’s Matt Uddenberg accompanied a group of staff to this year’s Stanford Geothermal Conference, where AltaRock’s Susan Petty and Trenton Cladouhos gave a presentation on the Newberry EGS Demonstration. This was Matt’s first experience with the workshop, so we asked him to ...


    By AltaRock Energy, Inc.

  • Chemical contaminants as a factor of soil-subsurface metagenesis*

    The soil and the subsurface region below it are two interrelated natural bodies that comprise the earth’s upper layer from land surface to aquifers. The ratio between these phases fluctuates as a function of environmental conditions, while the subsurface water content ranges from air-dried to completely watersaturated. Because the soil-subsurface water content is controlled by ...

  • Three ways artificial intelligence is helping to save the world

    As computers get smarter, scientists look at new ways to enlist them in environmental protection. When you think of artificial intelligence, the first image that likely comes to mind is one of sentient robots that walk, talk and emote like humans. But there’s a different kind of AI that’s becoming prevalent in nearly all of the sciences. It’s known as machine ...


    By Ensia

  • Closures of mine a new challenge for Romania

    AbstractThe mining activity is one of the oldest activity in Romania, dating from the year 100 B.C. The gold and silver ores represented one of the riches of our country. In time the economic content of metals diminuend, and the ore mines become non profitable. Due to this situation the best option of the State was the closure and ecological rehabilitation of the mines.The steps for the ...


  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

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