environmental instrument Articles

  • Market-based instruments for environmental policy in Europe

    This report presents an assessment of the main and most recent developments in the use of market-based instruments in European environmental policy. The report covers a range of instruments which are used as tools to achieve environmental objectives. These instruments include: environmental taxes, charges and deposit-refund systems, environmental tax reform, emissions trading schemes, subsidies, ...

  • Climate change mitigation: overview of the environmental policy instruments

    Climate variability has been observed over a long period of time and is considered a natural process occurring on Earth. Climate change, however, is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere in addition to natural phenomena. Global climate governance requires a broad area of measures and policies to be implemented worldwide to tackle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental governance in the European Union: strategies and instruments for absolute decoupling

    The EU recently emphasised the need to speed up the pace of reforms to improve the state of the environment both in Europe and internationally. This becomes in particular challenging, as the "Lisbon Strategy" defines the general goal of an annual economic growth rate of 3%. Decoupling of economic growth from the use of natural resources and the production of waste and emissions is regarded as the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Corporate environmental and financial performances and the effects of information-based instruments of environmental policy in Japan

    Focusing on 278 listed corporations in Japan, the present study tests the hypothesis that robust environmental conservation activities have a positive effect on their financial performance. It also examines the role played by the environmental policies introduced and strengthened by the government since the end of the 1990s. By a statistical causality analysis using data from 1999 to 2003, we ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Understanding Geographical Instrumentation

    Geographical instrumentation is one of the much heard terms especially in the field of building. Anywhere, where construction is carried out then services rendered for site examination plays an important role. It helps in identifying possible risks and also effectiveness present within the current site or structure.  Designing of the Site The basic step which is carried out ...


    By Soldata Limited

  • Measuring the impact of voluntary environmental protection instruments: perceptual vs. archival techniques

    The use of voluntary environmental protection instruments is expanding significantly around the world. Although there is a large literature dealing with what drives companies to adopt voluntary instruments, there has been relatively little research on the impact that some of these tools have on the actual environmental performance of companies. The existing literature in this area presents ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental surveys

    This is a collection of various cases where the 2D resistivity imaging method pioneered by Advanced Geosciences Inc have been successfully applied. ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Uncertainties in Environmental Noise Assessments - ISO 1996 - Effects of Instrument Class and Residual Sound

    ISO/DIS 1996-2.2 (2005) “Acoustics — Description, assessment and measurement of environmental noise — Determination of environmental noise levels” contains guidelines on assessing the uncertainties of the determined sound pressure levels. This depends on the sound source, measurement time interval, weather conditions, distance from the source, measurement method and instrumentation. Guidelines on ...

  • Post-growth policy instruments

    This paper proposes a framework to evaluate post-growth policy instruments which gauges their capacity to lessen the pressure for growth emanating from the labour market and the state’s contradictory legitimisation and accumulation imperatives, whilst increasing societal well-being and reducing the biophysical throughput of the economy. It is argued that the most effective policies to do this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • TDLAS Gas Detection Instrumentation

    PKL Technologies Inc. manufactures tunable diode laser (TDLAS) based gas detectors and monitors. Spectra-1 open path gas sensors are used in a variety of environmental and safety remote sensing applications. Spectra-1 gas sensors have been designed in a compact, easy to use, robust and portable format. Spectra-1 has been developed using proprietary hardware and software, to produce a low cost ...


    By PKL Technologies Inc.

  • Interaction between environmental policy instruments: carbon emissions trading and Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control

    As the number of environmental policy instruments grows, so the potential for interaction between different instruments increases. This interaction can be detrimental or beneficial. To avoid conflict, it is essential that the potential for interaction be assessed during the formulation of new policy instruments. This paper illustrates this through an analysis of how the European Directive on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic instruments, transport and the global environment

    The use of economic instruments, such as charges, in abating climate change is assessed, with special reference to their application in the transport sector. The general strategies and instruments for global environmental policies are presented. The role of economic instruments in this context is highlighted, both in terms of theory and of application. Economic instruments are then analysed from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • WinLims for environmental laboratories

    There are many different types of environmental laboratories testing diverse and varied samples, such as soils, waters, effluents, emissions, micro swabs, etc. A large proportion of these laboratories operate on a contract basis servicing numerous client companies, whilst others would be internal laboratories providing environmental analysis for the company site or group sites. To be able to ...

  • The Environmental Assessment Process

    The Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook is intended to be used principally as input to the World Bank Group’s Environmental Assessment (EA) processes. This note outlines the key features of the EA procedure for World Bank projects. The IFC and MIGA follow the same overall policies but have somewhat different environmental analyses and review procedures (for details contact IFC’s or MIGA’s ...


    By The World Bank

  • Genotoxicity & Environmental Pollution

     The Comet assay is playing an increasing role in studies to determine possible links between environmental pollutants and DNA integrity. The assay is an ideal biomarker for such investigations due to its sensitivity and reliability in detecting DNA damage and repair. Many research groups use our Comet ...


    By Perceptive Instruments Ltd.

  • Instrument selection and use for measurements in a radiological emergency

    A discussion of monitoring during a radiological emergency response is presented. This paper focuses on a response for the USA, but many principles would also apply for other countries. This paper starts with a discussion on instrument selection and preparation. Different scenarios based on materials involved and responder levels are presented with equipment concerns for each. This paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Eco-efficiency as a road-mapping instrument for WEEE implementation

    A comprehensive and quantitative eco-efficiency concept for end-of-life consumer electronics is developed at the TU Delft. It addresses the key question in setting up take-back systems for discarded consumer electronics: how much environmental improvement can be realised per amount of money invested? This paper highlights the latest results of applying the concept in practice on the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Introduction to Environmental Testing in the USA

    Environmental laboratories practice “applied analytical chemistry” by analyzing samples using a list of potential contaminants to determine how much, if any, of the contaminant is present. These contaminants, the methods used to analyze for them, and the maximum amount of contaminant allowed in the sample are defined by regulation. This paper provides an overview of ...

  • Reliable categories of environmental policies

    This paper synthesises and tests a categorisation of environmental policies. The literature review presented reveals that a number of different typologies have been used in the past, creating the potential for conceptual confusion. Based on the review and unstructured interviews with steel industry experts, we propose a three-category typology. A 41-item instrument was created to test the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gill Instruments case study featured in AWE International

    AWE International magazine, which is focused on the environmental analysis industry, recently featured Gill Instruments in a case study about environmental monitoring with solid-state meteorological instruments. The case study includes information about all of the products within the Gill Instruments range, with information about their advantages within the environmental analysis field. We have ...


    By Gill Instruments Limited

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