environmental measurement Articles

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • What`s the Best Air Pollution Control Technology for My Process?

    Air pollution control equipment is not something that business owners address by saying, “Let’s do the right thing for the environment and install an oxidizer!” In fact, the scenario is more likely to be “We need to increase productivity (always a good thing!), but that will put us over our annual emissions limits. Do we know what we will need? Where do we start? Who can ...

  • Case study - Remote water quality monitoring in South Africa

    Situated in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa, the Xstrata Coal South Africa (XCSA) runs several open cut and underground mining operations producing thermal coal. To ensure their mining operations do not affect the surrounding natural water bodies, the company employs Hydrolab and OTT water quality monitoring equipment with remote data transmission options: the OTT ecoLog 800 water level ...

  • Measurement Uncertainty in Environmental Noise Measurement

    Any measurement is meaningless without an uncertainty or tolerance associated with it. All measured numbers contain errors, and as such have an associated uncertainty. Disturbing as it is to an engineer, it is actually not possible to measure anything exactly. One definition of uncertainty is “A parameter, associated with the result of a measurement that characterizes the dispersion of the ...

  • The benefits of monitoring compressed air

    Compressed air is used in many manufacturing processes for many different reasons, from the actuation and control of pneumatic valves and cylinders to the operation of process machinery and tooling. It can also be used as a transport medium for bulk materials or as a purge gas. For all its uses it is nonetheless expensive. This is why, through detailed monitoring, a business can enjoy the ...


    By Contrec Europe Limited

  • Measuring Corporate Environmental Performance

    Our findings suggest a need for explicit environmental performance standards in order to provide stakeholders with more reliable, consistent, and accurate information for comparing firms and making key strategic decisions. Hypothesis: In order to provide meaningful, accurate and comparable environmental performance data to decision-makers who rely on such information, the accounting profession ...


  • The quality of the measurements in the environmental field

    Over recent years in various ways errors in environmental measurements have been criticised and large amounts of money wasted. It therefore becomes ever more necessary to increase the culture of the rigorous experimental measurement and handling of data. This is particularly important in fields such as our environment and our cultural heritage so closely connected to our life and our ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measuring corporate environmental footprint

    Nuno DaSilva, Managing Director of PE Americas, reveals the best methodologies for measuring an organization’s environmental impact. Frequently I get asked for guidance on the best methods for measuring an organization's environmental footprint. Questions tend to be about 'should measurement be based strictly on collecting emissions and energy use data from operational and facility sites?' How ...


    By thinkstep

  • Measuring Energy and Environmental Success: Metrics!

    February 22, 2011 I recently attended a local environmental conference and a senior manager from a local company gave a stirring talk about the recent investments and upgrades made at her facility to improve sustainability and energy efficiency, including upgrading their boilers and other “roll up your sleeves” strategies. She mentioned that her company noticed significant reductions ...


  • Environmental sustainability: issues of definition and measurement

    Operationalisation of the concept of sustainable development requires the formulation of sustainability indicators and of techniques to assess scores on such indicators. A flexible approach is proposed, which incorporates several normative issues (including intergenerational welfare and substitution of manufactured capital for natural capital) and leads to a choice of location-specific ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impacts of voluntary agri-environmental measures on Austria's agriculture

    With about 78% of farms in the Agri-Environmental Programme (AEP), Austria has one of the highest participation rates in the European Union. The programme reflects a key concern in Austrian agricultural policy, which is to reconcile agricultural production, environmental protection, social cohesion and rural development. This paper reviews the changes in agricultural policy leading up to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measurement and analysis of environmental amenities in Beijing, China

    Based on both international and domestic studies, this research has formulated a comprehensive and applicable index system of environmental amenities measurements for Beijing. The index system has been used to calculate the environmental amenities indices from 2000 to 2004 and grey relational analysis as well as a Grey model (1,1) are used in the analysis of the trend in changing environmental ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental measurements at Monte Cimone GAW station

    Continuous atmospheric CO 2 measurements performed by IAFMC at Mt. Cimone Observatory in the period 1980–2009 were analysed in order to select data representing background concentrations. A filtering technique was used to smooth background data and to separate the annual cycle from the long-term increase. The average growth rate of CO 2 was found to be 1.708 ± 0.003 ppm/year, while annual ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Political Measures for Strategic Environmental Policy with External Effects

    This paper investigates an environmental policy designed to reduce the emission of pollutants under uncertainty, with the agent problem as an optimal stopping problem. We first analyze the two cases in which there are one agent and two competing agents by following Ohyama and Tsujimura (2005). When we consider a model of strategic agents, we need to analyze the external economic effect that is ...


    By Springer

  • Measuring up - moving beyond environmental metrics

    If imitation is the greatest form of flattery, there is a whole lot of flattery going on when it comes to environmental metrics.  Companies typically focus on three areas: regulatory requirements, reporting standards such as the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), and industry benchmarking. That is fine for showcasing performance to external stakeholders, but this approach represents neither ...

  • Optimus green – environmental noise measurement case study

    With the experience of over 35 years in land development, The Banks Group continues to develop land throughout England and Scotland for a variety of uses including surface coalmines, onshore wind farms, commercial and residential property schemes and sustainable wastemanagement facilities.With the aim of being one of the UK’smost successful land developers, it comes as no surprise that the ...


    By Cirrus Environmental

  • PUMA to measure the environmental impact of its operations

    Leading sports brand expects new reporting method will measure the carbon footprint of its supply chain. PUMA is to publish an environmental profit and loss (EP&L) statement in an attempt to more accurately measure the success of its green initiatives. As recently announced by luxury brand group PPR that owns the sports and lifestyle firm, supply chain analyst Trucost will be in charge of ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • Effects of environmental measures on the sustainability indicators health and quality

    Introduction Sustainability has three dimensions: the economic, the ecological and the social dimension. “One-dimensional” policies in a company need to be integrated so as to take into account the many aspects of human life. This may be complicated since the dimensions are mutually related. Along with all kinds of synergies, the implementation of an ecological corporate ...

  • Mitigating the effect of weather on environmental noise measurements

    Many factors play a part when creating a reliable environmental noise assessment. This paper provides a practical look at the effect of weather conditions on sound levels to raise awareness of the importance of meteorology in noise measurements. It references requirements for measuring meteorology in BS-4142:2014 and compares them to legislation from other countries. It also covers how variations ...

  • Noise Measurement

    Definitions Threshold and criterion levels The threshold level is the A-weighted sound level at which a personal noise dosimeter begins to integrate noise into a measured exposure. For example, if the threshold level on a sound level meter is set at 80 decibels (dB), it will capture and integrate into the computation of dose all noise in the employee's hearing zone that equals or exceeds 80 dB. ...


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