environmental measurement instrument Articles

  • Measurement Uncertainty in Environmental Noise Measurement

    Any measurement is meaningless without an uncertainty or tolerance associated with it. All measured numbers contain errors, and as such have an associated uncertainty. Disturbing as it is to an engineer, it is actually not possible to measure anything exactly. One definition of uncertainty is “A parameter, associated with the result of a measurement that characterizes the dispersion of the ...

  • Measuring the impact of voluntary environmental protection instruments: perceptual vs. archival techniques

    The use of voluntary environmental protection instruments is expanding significantly around the world. Although there is a large literature dealing with what drives companies to adopt voluntary instruments, there has been relatively little research on the impact that some of these tools have on the actual environmental performance of companies. The existing literature in this area presents ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Instrument selection and use for measurements in a radiological emergency

    A discussion of monitoring during a radiological emergency response is presented. This paper focuses on a response for the USA, but many principles would also apply for other countries. This paper starts with a discussion on instrument selection and preparation. Different scenarios based on materials involved and responder levels are presented with equipment concerns for each. This paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hydraulic Fracturing and the Environment Whitepaper - Analytical and Measuring Instruments

    The recovery of natural gas and oil from untraditional wells is necessary for the economic stability of the United States. Shale gas deposits are deep below the earth’s surface and recovery of gas is expensive and requires millions of gallons of water mixed with chemicals, known as "fracking solution". Most fracking solution stays underground or returns to the surface mixed with formation ...

  • Market-based instruments for environmental policy in Europe

    This report presents an assessment of the main and most recent developments in the use of market-based instruments in European environmental policy. The report covers a range of instruments which are used as tools to achieve environmental objectives. These instruments include: environmental taxes, charges and deposit-refund systems, environmental tax reform, emissions trading schemes, subsidies, ...

  • Climate change mitigation: overview of the environmental policy instruments

    Climate variability has been observed over a long period of time and is considered a natural process occurring on Earth. Climate change, however, is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere in addition to natural phenomena. Global climate governance requires a broad area of measures and policies to be implemented worldwide to tackle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimus green – environmental noise measurement case study

    With the experience of over 35 years in land development, The Banks Group continues to develop land throughout England and Scotland for a variety of uses including surface coalmines, onshore wind farms, commercial and residential property schemes and sustainable wastemanagement facilities.With the aim of being one of the UK’smost successful land developers, it comes as no surprise that the ...


    By Cirrus Environmental

  • Noise Measurement

    Definitions Threshold and criterion levels The threshold level is the A-weighted sound level at which a personal noise dosimeter begins to integrate noise into a measured exposure. For example, if the threshold level on a sound level meter is set at 80 decibels (dB), it will capture and integrate into the computation of dose all noise in the employee's hearing zone that equals or exceeds 80 dB. ...


  • Post-growth policy instruments

    This paper proposes a framework to evaluate post-growth policy instruments which gauges their capacity to lessen the pressure for growth emanating from the labour market and the state’s contradictory legitimisation and accumulation imperatives, whilst increasing societal well-being and reducing the biophysical throughput of the economy. It is argued that the most effective policies to do this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Instrumental methods and challenges in quantifying

    Abstract Increased interest in the fate, transport and toxicity of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) over the past few years has led to a variety of studies reporting different methods of analysis for these persistent organic pollutants. Because PBDEs encompass a range of vapor pressures, molecular weights and degrees of bromine substitution, various analytical methods can lead to ...


  • Environmental governance in the European Union: strategies and instruments for absolute decoupling

    The EU recently emphasised the need to speed up the pace of reforms to improve the state of the environment both in Europe and internationally. This becomes in particular challenging, as the "Lisbon Strategy" defines the general goal of an annual economic growth rate of 3%. Decoupling of economic growth from the use of natural resources and the production of waste and emissions is regarded as the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Corporate environmental and financial performances and the effects of information-based instruments of environmental policy in Japan

    Focusing on 278 listed corporations in Japan, the present study tests the hypothesis that robust environmental conservation activities have a positive effect on their financial performance. It also examines the role played by the environmental policies introduced and strengthened by the government since the end of the 1990s. By a statistical causality analysis using data from 1999 to 2003, we ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wastewater Level Measurement Techniques

    Level monitoring and control is a fundamental requirement in any wastewater treatment process. You will find level instrumentation installed at even the simplest treatment plants for pump control, chemical storage tanks and process level controls or alarms. Operators have only limited or emergency control over treatment plant influent, so level controls and instrumentation play an important role ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Performance-Based Measurement Systems

    Many of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) methods used to monitor air, water and soil for environmental contaminants prescribe step-by-step details on how the chemical analysis must be conducted and prohibit any deviations or variations. The EPA has recognized that monitoring equipment and technology have improved tremendously over the last few years; that environmental media do not ...


    By WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff

  • OTT ADC measurement - Germany

    Background As the open pit Cottbus Nord is making use of the water of the ponds in the protected landscape of Lakoma (a village 6 km from Cottbus) the Vattenfall Europe Mining AG (VEM) as owner of the pit was obligated to take compensation measurements. VEM entrusted the engineers of the gerstgraser Ingenieurbüro für Renaturierung (gIR) in Cottbus with the planning of the ...

  • ppm Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) levels are used as a general indicator of water quality. Oxygen is essential to life and vital for countless aquatic forms. D.O. level control is critical in numerous applications ranging from the monitoring of industrial waste water to environmental surveillance. What is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) is the amount of oxygen gas dissolved in a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Online flow measurement

    Background The undershoot weir in Hohensaaten was built in 1913. It has three openings and regulates the discharge from the Oderbruch and from the Finow canal into the Hohensaaten-Friedrichsthaler-waterway. Moreover, it protects parts of the Oderbruch against Oder floods. The weir controls the waterlevels in the Havel-Oder-waterway and in the reach of Niederfinow- Hohensaaten. ...

  • Uncertainties in Environmental Noise Assessments - ISO 1996 - Effects of Instrument Class and Residual Sound

    ISO/DIS 1996-2.2 (2005) “Acoustics — Description, assessment and measurement of environmental noise — Determination of environmental noise levels” contains guidelines on assessing the uncertainties of the determined sound pressure levels. This depends on the sound source, measurement time interval, weather conditions, distance from the source, measurement method and instrumentation. Guidelines on ...

  • Gill Instruments case study featured in AWE International

    AWE International magazine, which is focused on the environmental analysis industry, recently featured Gill Instruments in a case study about environmental monitoring with solid-state meteorological instruments. The case study includes information about all of the products within the Gill Instruments range, with information about their advantages within the environmental analysis field. We have ...


    By Gill Instruments Limited

  • Sustainability of international trade law: the legality of unilateral trade measures for environmental protection in the GATT/WTO framework

    Notwithstanding the intensified trade liberalisation that catalyses economic globalisation, the materialistic foundation of free trade is being changed by issues such as environmental degradation and global climate change. While many believe it is agreeable to seek a balance between trade and the environment, the GATT/WTO as an international law regime governing the multilateral trading system ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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