environmental measurement instrument Articles

  • Measurement Uncertainty in Environmental Noise Measurement

    Any measurement is meaningless without an uncertainty or tolerance associated with it. All measured numbers contain errors, and as such have an associated uncertainty. Disturbing as it is to an engineer, it is actually not possible to measure anything exactly. One definition of uncertainty is “A parameter, associated with the result of a measurement that characterizes the dispersion of the ...

  • Measuring the impact of voluntary environmental protection instruments: perceptual vs. archival techniques

    The use of voluntary environmental protection instruments is expanding significantly around the world. Although there is a large literature dealing with what drives companies to adopt voluntary instruments, there has been relatively little research on the impact that some of these tools have on the actual environmental performance of companies. The existing literature in this area presents ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Instrument selection and use for measurements in a radiological emergency

    A discussion of monitoring during a radiological emergency response is presented. This paper focuses on a response for the USA, but many principles would also apply for other countries. This paper starts with a discussion on instrument selection and preparation. Different scenarios based on materials involved and responder levels are presented with equipment concerns for each. This paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Market-based instruments for environmental policy in Europe

    This report presents an assessment of the main and most recent developments in the use of market-based instruments in European environmental policy. The report covers a range of instruments which are used as tools to achieve environmental objectives. These instruments include: environmental taxes, charges and deposit-refund systems, environmental tax reform, emissions trading schemes, subsidies, ...

  • Hydraulic Fracturing and the Environment Whitepaper - Analytical and Measuring Instruments

    The recovery of natural gas and oil from untraditional wells is necessary for the economic stability of the United States. Shale gas deposits are deep below the earth’s surface and recovery of gas is expensive and requires millions of gallons of water mixed with chemicals, known as "fracking solution". Most fracking solution stays underground or returns to the surface mixed with formation ...

  • Climate change mitigation: overview of the environmental policy instruments

    Climate variability has been observed over a long period of time and is considered a natural process occurring on Earth. Climate change, however, is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere in addition to natural phenomena. Global climate governance requires a broad area of measures and policies to be implemented worldwide to tackle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimus green – environmental noise measurement case study

    With the experience of over 35 years in land development, The Banks Group continues to develop land throughout England and Scotland for a variety of uses including surface coalmines, onshore wind farms, commercial and residential property schemes and sustainable wastemanagement facilities.With the aim of being one of the UK’smost successful land developers, it comes as no surprise that the ...


    By Cirrus Environmental

  • Environmental governance in the European Union: strategies and instruments for absolute decoupling

    The EU recently emphasised the need to speed up the pace of reforms to improve the state of the environment both in Europe and internationally. This becomes in particular challenging, as the "Lisbon Strategy" defines the general goal of an annual economic growth rate of 3%. Decoupling of economic growth from the use of natural resources and the production of waste and emissions is regarded as the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Corporate environmental and financial performances and the effects of information-based instruments of environmental policy in Japan

    Focusing on 278 listed corporations in Japan, the present study tests the hypothesis that robust environmental conservation activities have a positive effect on their financial performance. It also examines the role played by the environmental policies introduced and strengthened by the government since the end of the 1990s. By a statistical causality analysis using data from 1999 to 2003, we ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New Environmental Noise Measurement Workshop from Cirrus

    We’re pleased to announce the launch of a new 1-day Environmental Noise Measurement Workshop, aimed at any professional requiring either an introduction to or a refreshment of the principles of environmental noise measurement. This one-day event that has been designed to give attendees an overview of Environmental Noise Measurement. This will cover the basics of sound, the ...


    By Cirrus Research plc

  • Uncertainties in Environmental Noise Assessments - ISO 1996 - Effects of Instrument Class and Residual Sound

    ISO/DIS 1996-2.2 (2005) “Acoustics — Description, assessment and measurement of environmental noise — Determination of environmental noise levels” contains guidelines on assessing the uncertainties of the determined sound pressure levels. This depends on the sound source, measurement time interval, weather conditions, distance from the source, measurement method and instrumentation. Guidelines on ...

  • Online flow measurement

    Background The undershoot weir in Hohensaaten was built in 1913. It has three openings and regulates the discharge from the Oderbruch and from the Finow canal into the Hohensaaten-Friedrichsthaler-waterway. Moreover, it protects parts of the Oderbruch against Oder floods. The weir controls the waterlevels in the Havel-Oder-waterway and in the reach of Niederfinow- Hohensaaten. ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Wastewater Level Measurement Techniques

    Level monitoring and control is a fundamental requirement in any wastewater treatment process. You will find level instrumentation installed at even the simplest treatment plants for pump control, chemical storage tanks and process level controls or alarms. Operators have only limited or emergency control over treatment plant influent, so level controls and instrumentation play an important role ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • OTT ADC measurement - Germany

    Background As the open pit Cottbus Nord is making use of the water of the ponds in the protected landscape of Lakoma (a village 6 km from Cottbus) the Vattenfall Europe Mining AG (VEM) as owner of the pit was obligated to take compensation measurements. VEM entrusted the engineers of the gerstgraser Ingenieurbüro für Renaturierung (gIR) in Cottbus with the planning of the ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Performance-Based Measurement Systems

    Many of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) methods used to monitor air, water and soil for environmental contaminants prescribe step-by-step details on how the chemical analysis must be conducted and prohibit any deviations or variations. The EPA has recognized that monitoring equipment and technology have improved tremendously over the last few years; that environmental media do not ...


    By WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff

  • ppm Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) levels are used as a general indicator of water quality. Oxygen is essential to life and vital for countless aquatic forms. D.O. level control is critical in numerous applications ranging from the monitoring of industrial waste water to environmental surveillance. What is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) is the amount of oxygen gas dissolved in a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Sustainability of international trade law: the legality of unilateral trade measures for environmental protection in the GATT/WTO framework

    Notwithstanding the intensified trade liberalisation that catalyses economic globalisation, the materialistic foundation of free trade is being changed by issues such as environmental degradation and global climate change. While many believe it is agreeable to seek a balance between trade and the environment, the GATT/WTO as an international law regime governing the multilateral trading system ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • TOC and TN Measurements of Seawater

    For pollution control of the ocean and in the research of the ocean environment, the measurement of total organic carbon (TOC) is regarded as an important index of organic contaminants contained in seawater. At the same time, the measurement of total nitrogen (TN), which is known to cause eutrophication, is also attracting attention for environmental pollution control and in ecological ...

  • Development of realistic environmental release factors based on measured data: approach and lessons from the EU metal industry

    The assessment of environmental exposure and risks associated with the production or use of a substance on an industrial site includes the estimation of the releases to the environment. In absence of measured release data on the specific substance, a risk assessor would rely on default release factors to the environmental compartments as developed in international, national or regional ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Genotoxicity & Environmental Pollution

     The Comet assay is playing an increasing role in studies to determine possible links between environmental pollutants and DNA integrity. The assay is an ideal biomarker for such investigations due to its sensitivity and reliability in detecting DNA damage and repair. Many research groups use our Comet ...


    By Perceptive Instruments Ltd.

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