environmental modeling Articles

  • How to make top-down and bottom-up sustainability converge

    Fits and starts are all too common in the sustainability world. One year you have budget for initiatives; the next you don’t. Management hails cost savings on individual projects, but they miss the big picture and fail to link progress across departmental boundaries. Bottom-up progress and top-down directives pass each other like proverbial ships in the night. But it doesn’t have to ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • Treatment and Disposal of Air Pollution Control Residue

    What is APCr? Thermal waste management using Energy Recovery Facilities (ERFs) is now a well-managed and mature technology that is subject to environmental monitoring by a range of competent international bodies. These ERFs have been established as a means of diverting waste away from landfill disposal and for valorising the material and energy content of the waste. Counter to historic ...

  • Environmental modelling for blue collars

    Model complexity and the ‘breakpoint of diminishing returns’; ‘physical’ vs. ‘conceptual’ modelling; the relevance and limits of the heuristic solutions; screening vs. analytical modelling; perceptions of uncertainties, calibration and sensitivity analysis; and the ‘ethics in modelling’ – are only a few issues outstanding in the volatile philosophy of the environmental modelling. Glossing on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling trade and environmental linkages in China

    Interactions between trade and the environment have been studied extensively as a reaction to the pressure that the accelerated pace of globalisation has placed on environment and trade. Distinguishing itself from previous work, this study focuses on a modelling analysis of the interactions between trade and the environment in China. A non-linear simultaneous equation trade and environment model ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the formulation of environmental fugacity models and their numerical solutions

    Multimedia models based on chemical fugacity, solved numerically, play an important role in investigating and quantifying the environmental fate of chemicals such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs). These models have been utilised extensively in the study of the local and global distribution of chemicals in the environment. This paper describes potential sources of error that may arise ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Regulatory models for environmental impact assessments in Hungary

    This paper describes the methodology and input requirements of environmental impact assessments regulated in Hungary by national standards for more than 10 years. The main characteristics are (a) various models simulate the impact of point, multi-source, line and area sources on local, urban and regional scales, (b) design transmission matrices are readily available for the greater part of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Endogenous technology and environmental quality in economic models

    The debate on the relationship between the economy and the environment focuses on the question whether there is a trade-off between economic growth and environmental quality. In order to enable a quantification of this essentially empirical question, it is necessary to integrate the environment into economic models. This article considers the integration of the environment in models of economic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An Interactive Environmental Economy Model for Energy Cycle in Iran

    ABSTRACT The growing world economy calls for saving natural resources with sustainable development framework. This paper intends to look at the environment-energy interface (impacts on the environment stemming form the energy sector) and to propose measures for reducing this impact without trying to impede economic development. In addition, this paper estimates the amounts of energy subsidies ...

  • Understanding QSPR uncertainty in environmental fate modeling

    In cases where experimental data on chemical‐specific input parameters are lacking, chemical regulations allow the use of alternatives to testing, such as in silico predictions based on quantitative structure‐property relationships (QSPRs). Such predictions are often given as point estimates; however, little is known about to what extent uncertainties associated with QSPR predictions contribute ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Models of energy saving systems: the battlefield of environmental planning

    Traditionally, energy planning has been interpreted as planning for an appropriate energy supply system, based on a crude prognosis for the energy demand. Over the past couple of decades, however, the immense possibilities of regulating energy demand - and the benefits of doing it - have become increasingly recognised and also partly included in the planning. This paper first describes some ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Atmospheric environmental impact assessment modelling in France

    The most widely accepted model of atmospheric dispersion for impact assessment in France is the Gaussian model of Doury. The Centre d'Etudes Atomiques (CEA) and Electricite de France (EDF) have developed their own software systems, which include several compatible or nested meteorological, trajectory, and dispersion codes. These systems are fitted to the various atmospheric scales from regional ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Improved environmental multimedia modeling and its sensitivity analysis

    Modeling of multimedia environmental issues is extremely complex due to the intricacy of the systems with the consideration of many factors. In this study, an improved environmental multimedia modeling is developed and a number of testing problems related to it are examined and compared with each other with standard numerical and analytical methodologies. The results indicate the flux output of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ecowise Environmental

    Ecowise Environmental is an environmental consultancy company that specialises in Field hydrology, as practitioners and trainers, Engineering Hydrology and Laboratory analytical and interpretive work. Ecowise has a staff of approximately 60 people and is wholly Australian owned as a subsidiary business of ACTEW Corporation. Ecowise has broad experience across Australia as well as in Papua New ...


    By KISTERS AG

  • Environmental Noise

    Introduction The ability to hear sounds is a sensory function vital for human survival and communication. However, not all sounds are wanted. 'Unwanted sounds', for which the term 'noise' is normally used, often have their origin in human activities (mainly transport, industry and households). This article addresses environmental noise ­ also referred to in the scientific literature as ...

  • The Commission for Environmental Cooperation as a model for promoting sustainable development in the Americas

    The North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) has been touted as a regional model for strengthening environmental cooperation and sustainable development related to free trade regimes. This study reviews CEC's development since 1994 in the context of its ambitious North American Free Trade Agreement related mandate. Drawing on its own documents, government records and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Neural network model for identification of societal preference of environmental issues

    A new method for identification of preferences of environmental issues using the societal approach is suggested. The preferences assigned by different economic groups to 11 environmental issues are obtained through analysis of linguistically stated relative rankings using fuzzy partial ordering method. The system identification technique based on neural networks is used to identify a logical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Applying an ethical decision–making model: the case of Avco Environmental

    This paper discusses the principles of ethical decision–making at enterprises, as a tool for corporate social responsibility. In particular, it focuses on the particularities inherent to ethical guidelines in an organisation. A case study from an environment company provides the basis for an analysis, in the context of which the role played by ethical issues, as well as some steps to ensure they ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • R&D, human capital and environmental externality in an endogenous growth model

    This study constructs an endogenous growth model that incorporates the R&D sector, the education sector, and environmental problems. First, environmental impacts are considered. We show that, if government exercises appropriate policies and some parameter restrictions are satisfied, then the per-capita growth rate will become positive in the long run without environmental harm. Secondly, problems ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combining exposure and effect modelling into an integrated probabilistic environmental risk assessment for nanoparticles

    There is a growing need for good environmental risk assessment of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs). Environmental risk assessment of ENPs has been hampered by lack of data and knowledge about ENPs, their environmental fate and their toxicity. This leads to uncertainty in the risk assessment. To effectively deal with uncertainty in the risk assessment, probabilistic methods are advantageous. In ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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