environmental process Articles

  • Food & Beverage Industry: Soft Drink - Case Study

    The peCOD (photoelectric Chemical Oxygen Demand) method for COD analysis is well suited to the soft drink industry as it provides plant operators with quick and reliable COD results important for process monitoring and control. Continuous COD monitoring of wastewater can protect production plants by ensuring COD discharge levels meet the acceptable limits, and by detecting product leakage. It can ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • The Environmental Assessment Process

    The Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook is intended to be used principally as input to the World Bank Group’s Environmental Assessment (EA) processes. This note outlines the key features of the EA procedure for World Bank projects. The IFC and MIGA follow the same overall policies but have somewhat different environmental analyses and review procedures (for details contact IFC’s or MIGA’s ...


    By The World Bank

  • Addressing Environmental Justice in the Permitting Process

    On February 11, 1994, Executive Order 12898 Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations was issued.  Executive Order 12898 calls on each Federal agency to make achieving environmental justice part of its mission.  Since that time the United States ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Environmental Due Diligence - Development and Process

    Emma Farthing, a Senior Manager in ENVIRON’s London, UK, office, explores the background to international environmental due diligence and examines the emerging future trends in process and practice. This article appears in a special supplement of Financier Worldwide, which also includes editorial comments from Ian Bailey, Director of ENVIRON's European ...


    By ENVIRON

  • Integration of environmental issues in the firm: learning processes and coordination

    This paper considers the extent to which the organisational structure of the firm influences the perception and the integration of environmental problems. Environmental economists who have been concerned for many decades with market failures, and more recently with regulation failures, still commonly assume that firms operate efficiently. It is our contention that there is a third institution ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simultaneous treatment of environmental and financial risk in process design

    In this paper, we propose a new measure for environmental risk and discuss a way of considering it simultaneously with financial risk. Instead of using single numbers to define environmental risk, we propose to use the cumulative probability of emissions, similarly to the cumulative distributions of profit used for financial risk. We also propose to use a risk surface as a generalisation of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental pollution generated from process industries in Bangladesh

    The sources of environmental pollution in process industries in Bangladesh are discussed. Total pollution load into environment (i.e., into air, water and land) generated from process industries is determined and presented using industrial pollution projection system (IPPS) developed by the World Bank. Most polluting industries in Bangladesh are identified and ranked. The projection of this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The process and mechanism of urban environmental change: an evolutionary view

    This paper discusses how an evolutionary viewpoint can contribute to the understanding of the processes and mechanisms of urban environmental change. There are four major components in the urban environmental evolution concept: (a) cities can be viewed as complex systems that are subject to constant change, which constitutes a dynamic evolutionary process; (b) urban environmental profiles of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmentally Friendly Recycling Process for Plastics and Rubber Recovery

     Abstract A quantized converter of the potential energy of a fluid or a free-flowing mass located in a natural or an artificial storage, which should always be situated at a higher level than the aforementioned converter in the accepted geodesic coordinate system. In contrast to the known converters, such as the water runner (turbine), operating in continuous regime and transforming ...


  • Environmental toxicity and radioactivity assessment of a titanium processing residue with potential for environmental use

    Thorough examination of the physico‐chemical characteristics of a Ti processing residue was undertaken including mineralogical, geochemical, and radiochemical characterisation, and an investigation of the environmental toxicity of softwater leachate generated from the residue. Concentrations of most metals measured in the leachate were low; thus, the residue is unlikely to leach high levels of ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Processes that Bind

    The 'triple bottom line' (1) is rapidly gaining recognition as a framework for measuring business performance. In its broadest sense, the triple bottom line captures the spectrum of values that organizations must embrace - economic, environmental and social. In practical terms, the triple bottom line means expanding the traditional company reporting framework to take into account not just ...


    By Fluor Corporation

  • Environmental Principles and Environmental Justice

    Abstract: This article offers an analysis of the compatibility between the emerging concept ofcnvironmcntal justice and a number of more well established environmental principles. These include the precautionary principle, the polluter pays principle and sustainable development. The article argues that, for all three principles, a comparison with environmental justice gives rise to conflicts as ...


  • Environmental Impact Assessment Process and Sustainable Land Development in Malaysia

    An article published as a chapter in book ' Land Use Planning and Environmental Sustainability in Malaysia: Policies and Trends, edited by Hunud Abia Kadouf published by the Research Management Center of the International Islamic University Malaysia The role of the environmental impact assessment process in promoting sustainable land development has been widely acknowledged globally and ...


  • Environmental assessment process for the AES Parana power plant development project in Argentina

    The paper describes the electric utility generation project that was constructed at the site of the existing Central Termica San Nicolas (CTSN) power plant in San Nicolas, Argentina about 240 km northwest of Buenos Aires and the projects environmental impact. This project is part of the Argentina Electric Sector (AES) and an important peak power contributor to the regional electric power grid. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The participatory process in environmental sanitation issues: how does it reverberate in printed media?

    Participation in the field of environmental sanitation has low visibility and is little studied, especially in developing countries where democracy is a relatively recent reality. It is therefore pertinent to assess how social participation in sanitation occurs and how it is presented to society by the media. In this study, the participatory processes in environmental sanitation were assessed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the environmental advantages and drawbacks of existing and emerging polymers recovery processes

    The production and consumption of plastics is increasing rapidly; there are materials outpacing GDP growth and taking over new markets. Nevertheless, only 39% of total collectable waste plastics are being recovered at present. In May 2003, the Commission adopted a Communication towards a Thematic Strategy on the Prevention and Recycling of Waste , which investigates ways to promote recycling ...

  • Institutional trust, information processing and perception of environmental cancer risk

    This paper examines how institutional trust affects the way in which people process information and perceive risk. Data come from a study of risk perception in the circumstance of US state health department investigations of suspected cancer clusters, with 30 cases examined (n = 1,111). Trust is assessed for three information sources: state health departments, civic groups and industries involved ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Microbiological leaching of chalcopyrite: an environmentally sound approach to processing a sulphide copper concentrate

    Mineral sulphides are the main source of copper, from which this metal is recovered by pyrometallurgical processing after a flotation procedure. These processes generate high emissions of SO2 gases, which, in many cases, are discharged into the environment. The bioleaching method had been successfully used in copper recovery from low grade and secondary sulphide ores. Only recently, has it ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental impact prediction of air quality in a food processing environment

    An impact study of food processing factory in Nigeria on air quality of its environment was studied using a factorial experiment. The effects of three primary air pollutants (by-products of the food processing): nitrogen (IV) oxide (NO2), carbon (IV) oxide (CO2) and sulphur (IV) oxide (SO2) on formation of acid rain also studied. These factors and their interactions in the predictive model showed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental knowledge creation and management process: formalisation, diffusion and valorisation model

    To integrate the environment in product design is neither a recent processing method nor an original one. However, one can easily note that in spite of all declarations made in this domain, it remains difficult to know and to evaluate the environmental qualities of a product, and therefore to know a fortiori if this product is "better" or not than another one. Without separating the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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