eu renewable energy protocol Articles

  • Planning: a Roadblock to Renewable Energy in the UK

    Abstract: This article considers the planning system as one of the major roadblocks to renewable energy projects and looks at illustrative examples of renewable energy projects that have been held up in this system. It also analyses some of the recent measures put forward to promote renewable energy projects and addresses the shortcomings in the planning system. ...


  • Questions and Answers on the European Commission Communication: The Paris Protocol – A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020

    1. What is the aim of the Communication? The Communication sets out the EU's vision for a transparent and dynamic, legally binding United Nations climate change agreement that sets the world on a pathway to prevent global warming from reaching dangerous levels. International negotiations are under way and are set to be finalised at the UN climate conference in Paris in December 2015. ...


    By Europa Press Room

  • The EU must lead the fight against climate change

    The potential consequences of inaction for the global climate are looking ever more serious. Sir Nicholas Stern, the author of the acknowledged Stern Review from 2006, which describes the potential devastating economic consequences of climate change, recently gave an interview saying that he had previously underestimated the risks of climate change. He now believes that the world is on track for ...


    By Worldwatch Institute

  • Why did GHG emissions decrease in the EU in 2012?

    Total GHG emissions (excluding LULUCF) in the EU decreased again in 2012, reaching its lowest level since 1990. This continued the trend of emission reductions, which started in 2004. In line with EEA predictions last year2 GHG emissions between 2011 and 2012 decreased by 1.3 % in the EU28 and by 0.8 % in the EU-15. Figure 1 shows total greenhouse gas emissions in the period 1990–2012, both ...

  • Why did GHG emissions decrease in the EU between 1990 and 2012?

    Total GHG emissions (excluding LULUCF) in the EU decreased substantially since 1990, reaching their lowest level in 2012. The EU emitted 4,544 million tonnes of CO2 eq. in 2012, accounting for less than 10% of global GHG emissions1. Figure 1 shows total greenhouse gas emissions in the period 1990– 2012, both in the EU-15 (which is collectively a party to the Kyoto Protocol) and in the ...

  • Approximated EU GHG inventory: proxy GHG estimates for 2013

    Objective of the report This report provides estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the European Union (EU) and its Member States for the year 2013, covering the full GHG inventory (all sectors, except land use, land‑use change and forestry (LULUCF), and all gases). These estimates are also referred to as approximated ('proxy') estimates or inventories in this report as they ...

  • Approximated EU GHG inventory: proxy GHG estimates for 2014

    Objective of the report This report provides estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the European Union (EU) and its Member States for the year 2014, covering the full GHG inventory (all sectors, except land use, landuse change and forestry (LULUCF), and all gases). These estimates are also referred to as approximated ('proxy') estimates or inventories in this report as they cover ...

  • Projections in hindsight - An assessment of past emission projections reported by Member States under EU air pollution and GHG legislation

    Over the past decade, European Union (EU) Member States were required to regularly compile and report official estimates of their projected (future) emissions for the year 2010 under two complementary pieces of legislation: for greenhouse gases (GHGs), the Monitoring Mechanism Decision (MMD), i.e. Decision No 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 ...

  • Europe`s onshore and offshore wind energy potential

    The exploitation of renewable energy sources can help the European Union meet many of its environmental and energy policy goals, including its obligation to reduce greenhouse gases under the Kyoto Protocol (EC, 2002a) and the aim of securing its energy supply (EC, 2002b; EC, 2005). As early as 1997, the European Union set an ambitious 2010 indicative target of 12 % for the contribution of ...

  • Environmental policies and the trade of energy technologies in Europe

    Environmental regulation may represent a relevant mechanism through which technological change is induced. In this way, countries that are subject to more stringent environmental regulations may become net exporters of environmental technologies. This paper provides new evidence on the evolution of trade flows of specific environmental technologies for the energy sector, related to the production ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wind energy in Italy: regulatory and technical aspects

    Italy has carried out the deregulation of the electricity sector. The EU 'Renewable Directive' gave Italy a very ambitious burden sharing: by 2010, 25% of the demand will be faced by renewable energy against a 1997 baseline of 16%. To sustain such development, the producers/importers have a yearly obligation to inject into the system 'green production': in 2002 by 2% increasing to 3.05% by 2006 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trends and projections in Europe 2013 – Tracking progress towards Europe`s climate and energy targets until 2020

    This 2013 edition of the annual EEA 'Trends and projections' report aims to provide an assessment of the progress of the European Union (EU) and European countries towards achieving their climate mitigation and energy policy objectives. These targets include international commitments under the Kyoto Protocol (KP) and the EU's own commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20 % ...

  • Annual European Union greenhouse gas inventory 1990 – 2008 and inventory report 2010

    Executive summary ES.1 Background information on greenhouse gas inventories and climate change The European Union (EU), as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), reports annually on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the year t-2 and within the area covered by its Member States (i.e. domestic emissions taking place ...

  • Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe

    Untitled Document Abstract The actual and projected progress (by 2010) of the EU and candidate countries towards reaching their targets under the Kyoto ...

  • Progress towards 2008–2012 Kyoto targets in Europe

    Latest data confirm that the EU is on track to over‑achieve its Kyoto Protocol target In October 2013, the EEA published its annual assessment of the progress of the European Union (EU) and European countries towards achieving their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol for the period 2008–2012, as Part A of the EEA report Trends and projections in Europe 2013 – Tracking ...

  • Questions and Answers on the UN climate change conference in Lima

    1. Why another climate change conference? Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC[1]) and the Kyoto Protocol[2] meet once a year at high level to discuss how to advance international action to combat climate change. Peru is hosting this year's conference from 1 to 12 December in Lima. It will be the UNFCCC's 20th 'Conference of the Parties' (COP 20) and the Kyoto ...


    By Europa Press Room

  • Trends and projections in Europe 2014

    Reporting the latest progress towards climate and energy targets in Europe This 2014 edition of the annual European Environment Agency (EEA) 'Trends and projections' report provides an updated assessment of the progress of the European Union (EU) and European countries towards achieving their climate mitigation and energy targets. The report also supports and complements the ...

  • Six drivers for the development of Green IT

    What are the forces pushing companies to green IT? Andie Stephens, Senior Consultant, Business Advice looks at six drivers for greener computing Dirty Data Earlier this year Greenpeace released a report titled "How Dirty is Your Data?" which ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Biofuels - case study

    As part of the Kyoto Protocol, the United Nations has called for the introduction of fuels obtained from biomass in order to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The increasing scarcity of worldwide oil reserves associated with the increase in crude oil prices has created the necessity for an increased utilisation of alternative fuel sources. These biofuels will become a fundamental component ...


    By AVA - Huep GmbH u. Co. KG

  • Carbon Offsets

    In the 21st century, achieving 100% carbon neutrality can be a daunting task. Simple activities such as watching television, sending an email message, cooking and making a phone call all produce carbon emissions. Carbon offsets offer an alternative to reducing emissions by enabling individuals and businesses to compensate for their carbon emissions by purchasing credits which offset their ...


    By BSC Sustainability Services

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