evaporative cooling system Articles

  • Closed Circuit Coolers: Design with winter in mind

    When outside temperatures fall below freezing, water inevitably forms into ice. Open cooling towers can be susceptible to freezing due to their inherent nature of operation. As a result, ice formation becomes a subject of management, not elimination. Fortunately, there are alternative solutions. Closed circuit coolers are used for a multitude of niche applications, but are ideal for evaporative ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Preventing critical failures in evaporative cooling equipment

    Systematic and thorough attention to the fan and motor assemblies is essential to avoid the unexpected interruption of service. Most catastrophic system failtures are easily avoidable because they are linked to a negligent lack of maintenance. Evaporative cooling equipment, like an mechanical unit of machinery, requires preventative maintenance to maximize its utility. ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Greenhouse based desalination for brackish water management using bittern evaporative cooling technique

    The Arab region is characterized by arid and semi-arid conditions with very limited renewable water resources. Most of the surface water comes from transboundary streams and most of the groundwater resources are fossil in nature. Water quality degradation and excessive use of pesticides and herbicides in agriculture pose severe environmental and health risks. The underlying research is a joint ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • American Society of Microbiology Conference - "The Effect of Pulse-Power Technology on the Microbial Content and Biofilm Formation in Evaporative Cooling Towers"

    Untitled Document This study quantitatively compares the effectiveness of pulsed-power water treatment with traditional chemical water treatment on the microbial content and ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • Exergetic performance evaluation of ejector cooling system

    Ejector-cooling model is developed to calculate the entrainment ratio and the area ratio representing throat to nozzle area. The developed model is validated with available experimental data in the literature. Parametric studies using the refrigerant R134a as the working fluid show that the Coefficient of Performance (COP) of the system is increased by increasing the generator and evaporator ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CFD Analysis of Gas Cooling

    In many industrial processes, hot gas is cooled down due to the evaporation (boiling) of sprayed droplets. The effects of two different atomizer types, inner mixing air atomizing nozzles and flow back nozzles, on the cooling behavior inside a spray tower for a typical flue gas are discussed. The heat and mass transfer is computed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The interaction between ...


    By Spraying Systems Co.

  • Experimental study on an open cycle desiccant cooling system

    This paper presents the design and construction of an experimental desiccant cooling system that uses natural zeolite as the desiccant. This is the first use of this desiccant in an actual or experimental system. The primary system components are originally designed and constructed. The paper provides a sufficient detail on the design procedure of the components as well as the methods of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cooling Tower Blowdown Water

    Comparison of electrolytic oxidation v. ozone as biocide and reducing rate of TDS build-up in Cooling Tower Blow Down Water. Performed by Pureflow PtY Ltd of Singapore at Singapore Polytechnic Institute. Open evaporative cooling systems have been widely used throughout industry to remove heat from process systems and modern buildings for the purpose of air conditioning. As a result, due to this ...


  • Bypass filtration in open circulating cooling water systems

    An open circulating cooling system is a method to remove process heat and is applied frequently for industrial purposes. In these systems heat is removed by evaporation of water to the surpassing air in the cooling tower. However there are some environmental disadvantages such as addition of chemicals to prevent the cooling water system from microbial growth and corrosion. The application of ...


    By Paques B.V.

  • Breaking the code, rev 1 - compliance requirements for California title 24-2013 for Cooling Towers, Closed Circuit Coolers and Evaporative Condensers

    The California Energy Commission released the final version of Title 24-2013 last Fall, and early this year changed the effective date of the standard from January 1, 2014 to July 1, 2014. Equipment selected for the State of California will need to meet the new Title 24, Part 6 requirements beginning July 1, 2014. Relevant requirements include: Increased efficiency requirements for Open, Axial ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Gettysburg hospital addresses ailing evaporative coolers

    WellSpan Gettysburg Hospital was looking to modernize mechanical systems to ensure reliability of critical patient-care functions. Constructed in 1921, WellSpan Gettysburg Hospital in Gettysburg, Pa., has undergone a number of changes over the years. According to Joe Lehigh of the facility’s engineering team, the most recent were made chiefly to improve hospital operations. “The key ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • How to Save with Cooling Tower Credits

    Cooling towers dissipate heat from recirculating water used to cool chillers, air conditioners, or other process equipment to the ambient air. Heat is rejected to the environment from cooling towers through the process of evaporation. Therefore, by design, cooling towers use significant amounts of water. The thermal efficiency and longevity of the cooling tower and equipment depend on the proper ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Evaporator saves electroplater millions in disposal costs

    The Facility The AK Steel Middletown Works plates zinc nickel alloy onto steel strip. They started up their first plating line in 1991 and expanded from twentyone to thirty-two cells in 1995. The Problem In order to maximize line speed and thus the production, the strip needed to be rinsed immediately after plating. The rinse water diluted electrolyte ...

  • Determining Proper Cooling Tower Size

    To maximize water-based cooling tower benefits, the appropriate tower size must be selected, requiring the identification of several critical factors. Cooling towers are a relatively inexpensive and reliable way of expelling heat from a number of industrial processes, including nuclear & thermal power plants, petroleum refineries, petrochemical plants, food processing plants, as well as HVAC ...


    By Delta Cooling Towers, Inc

  • Economical calculations for the use of Ozone in Cooling Towers

    Abstract Ozone has been successfully applied to industrial cooling water systems with the resultant improvement in operational efficiency due to increased heat transfer, reduced system corrosion, improved environmental impact and reduced on-going chemical expenditure. The aim of this paper is to provide practical advice on the options available for the application of ozone and the potential ...


    By Absolute Systems Inc.

  • What Is a Cooling Tower Water Treatment System and How Does It Work?

    For industrial companies using a cooling tower for its facility, some type of cooling tower water treatment system is usually necessary to ensure an efficient process and long equipment service life. If cooling tower water is left untreated, organic growth, fouling, scaling, and corrosion can reduce plant productivity, cause plant downtime, and require costly equipment replacements down the ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Cooling tower legionella pneumophila study CDC

    Abstract Since the late 1970s, there have been many small and large outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease. Most of these outbreaks have been traced to either cooling tower water systems or potable water systems. Although the bacteria most often associated with Legionnair’s disease, Legionella pneumophila, is present in many waater systems, outbreaks are usually a result of ...


    By Zentox Corporation

  • Republic Steel: CapDI for Cooling Towers - Case Study

    Introduction & process description Water is often a hidden cost of industrial sites and can contribute significantly to operational costs. Cooling towers are used to reject heat through the natural process of evaporation providing cooled water across a broad range of applications. Due to evaporative losses, the water remaining in the cooling tower becomes concentrated with dissolved ...


    By Voltea B.V.

  • How to Increase Your Industrial Cooling Tower Efficiency

    Although cooling towers are generally some of the most cost-effective cooling mechanisms as compared to other cooling technologies (such as many dry air cooling systems), it is still important to monitor your industrial cooling tower efficiency and run it as seamlessly as possible. This will ensure your facility can: Save energy Reduce the amount of ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • It’s Time to Rethink Cooling Tower Filtration

    ABSTRACTThe dissipation of ambient or process heat in large HVAC systems, manufacturing facilities, power generation plants, refineries, metal mills and forges, chemical plants and food processors is most often accomplished by cooling towers. These simple structures facilitate the transfer of unwanted energy (heat) from a transport liquid (usually water) to the atmosphere. The bane of cooling ...

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