ex-situ soil remediation Articles

  • Soil Vapor Extraction (Ex Situ)

    Introduction: Ex situ soil vapor extraction (SVE) is a full-scale technology in which soil is excavated and placed over a network of aboveground piping to which a vacuum is applied to encourage volatilization of organics. Soil piles are generally covered with a geomembrane to prevent volatile emissions and to prevent the soil from becoming saturated by precipitation. The process includes a ...

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. However, ex situ treatment requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • Ex Situ Thermal Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatments is that they generally require shorter time periods, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to screen, homogenize, and continuously mix the soils. Ex situ processes, however, require excavation of soils leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and materials handling worker ...

  • Cuyama Case Study (Ex Situ Gas Thermal Remediation(GTR™))

    Ex Situ Thermal Desorption was used to successfully treat TPH-d and TPH-g from a former AST spill site in the agricultural zone in Central California. Affected soils were excavated and then placed “in a pile”, and Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR©) horizontal wells were placed into the pile during its three day construction. The piled soils represented mixed sands and high TOC soils, ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Ex Situ Physical/Chemical Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. Ex situ treatment, however, requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • Soil Remediation

    Contaminated sites by hazardous substances are a major environmental concern in Europe e throughout the world. Significant financial and human resources are devoted for the remediation of such sites. Many steps have been taken to restrict or ban from use some contaminants (PCBs, IPA, CLB-derivatives) and reduce discharge of others. However, contaminants can persist for many years in soil and ...


  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Groundwater, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to monitor and continuously mix the groundwater. However, ex situ treatment requires pumping of groundwater, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and material handling. ...

  • In-Situ Anaerobic Remediation of Perchlorate-Impacted Soils

    AbstractARCADIS is currently leading the development, evaluation, and selection of a final groundwater remedy for a 94-acre manufacturing facility in the western U.S. This facility has produced small explosives and vehicular safety products since 1957. As a result of historic operations, soil and groundwater at the site have been impacted by perchlorate. To date, remediation efforts have been ...


    By Arcadis

  • The no. 1 choice for improving the performance of soil and groundwater remediation

    Adsorption of Contamination The number one challenge associated with most site remediation designs and methodologies is that 90% to 95% of all environmental contaminants; including hydrocarbons (LNAPL), chlorinates (DNAPL), and heavy metals; are present in a sorbed (i.e., absorbed or adsorbed) phase onto soil and bedrock surfaces within both saturated and unsaturated zones. As such, the absorbed ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Remediation of Explosives in Soil - Case Study

    Client: Department of the Army, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Site: Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant (“AAP”), Ohio Task: In-situ Rapid Chemical Degradation of Munitions Constituents in Soil by MuniRem® Date: October 2009 Situation The test site is an inactive and ...


    By Planteco, Inc

  • Soil Vapor Extraction (In Situ)

    Introduction Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is an in situ unsaturated (vadose) zone soil remediation technology in which a vacuum is applied to the soil to induce the controlled flow of air and remove volatile and some semivolatile contaminants from the soil. The gas leaving the soil may be treated to recover or destroy the contaminants, depending on local and state air discharge regulations. ...

  • Surfactant enhanced in-situ remediation of DNAPL impacted soil and groundwater - Montreal refinery

    Abstract A Montreal chemical refinery reduced the dichlorobenzene and other dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) impacts on the soil and groundwater where a railway line is adjacent to an above ground storage tank farm. Ivey-sol® surfactant mixtures were injected three times during a two week pilot test, into a series of in-situ wells. The soil and groundwater matrix experienced ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Multifunctional Well Implemented for In Situ Remediation of Hydrocarbon Contaminations in Soil and Groundwater

    Abstract A recently developed Multifunctional Well has been implemented for the remediation of subsurface contamination caused by hydrocarbon spills. Four different remediation processes can be operated within the same well. At optimal efficiency of each remediation process, successive treatment of the capillary fringes, the vadose zone, and the aquifer can be accomplished. Each treatment ...


  • The In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater Remediation Process

    In-situ groundwater bioremediation is a technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms to enhance biodegradation of organic constituents in the saturated zone. In-situ groundwater bioremediation can effectively degrade organic constituents which are dissolved in groundwater and adsorbed onto the aquifer matrix. The Adventus In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater ...


  • Bioaugmentation by horizontal injection to remediate petroleum in tight soils

    In situ remediation is a contact sport, requiring contact between the microbes and contamination. Clay-rich soils are particularly challenging as the low permeability limits effective distribution of inoculants. While numerous closely-spaced injection points can improve the distribution of inoculants, this approach is usually not possible at active properties. Horizontal drilling was used on the ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Presumptive Remedies

    A presumptive remedy is a technology that EPA believes, based upon its past experience, generally will be the most appropriate remedy for a specified type of site. EPA is establishing presumptive remedies to accelerate site-specific analysis of remedies by focusing the feasibility study efforts. EPA expects that a presumptive remedy, when available, will be used for all CERCLA sites except under ...

  • In-situ Thermal Remediation Under an Apartment Building

    This paper presents the implementation and results of ET-DSP, an in-situ electrical soil heating technology, in combination with high vacuum dual phase extraction, to achieve the removal of vapour pressure sensitive BTEX compounds from under an occupied residential apartment building. Operating within several engineering, environmental, and safety constraints, a design was developed in order to ...


    By McMillan-McGee Corp.

  • In situ Chemical Oxidation: An Innovative Groundwater Remediation Technology

    A promising new technology, in situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO), has the potential to supplant the more widely used pump-and-treat groundwater remediation technology by destroying groundwater contamination in situ (in place). ISCO is the process of oxidizing contaminants in the groundwater and soil by injecting water containing high concentrations of an oxidant to the site of the contamination. ...


    By AECOM

  • In Situ Remediation Technology Status Report: Electrokinetics

    The purpose of this document is to describe recent field demonstrations, commercial applications, and research on electrokinetics for either treatment of soil and ground water in situ or to increase the solubility and mobility of contaminants to improve their removal by pump-and-treat remediation. It is hoped that this information will allow more regular consideration of new, less costly, and ...

  • In Situ Remediation Technology Status Report: Surfactants

    ABSTRACT The purpose of this document is to describe recent field demonstrations, commercial applications, and research on surfactant use for either treatment of soil and ground water in situ or to increase the solubility and mobility of contaminants to improve t heir removal by pump-and-treat remediation. It is hoped that this information will allow more regular consideration of new, less ...


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