exhaust gas recirculation Articles

  • Dual fuel turbocharged engine operated with exhaust gas recirculation

    Abstract With good combustion characteristics, hydrogen has been developing as a clean alternative fuel of engines. This study is to develop a diesel/hydrogen dual fuel engine. The hydrogen was added at inlet port in a 4-cylinder direct injection turbocharged diesel engine with an EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system to investigate engine performance and exhaust pollutant. The ...


    By ECO PHYSICS AG

  • Scrubber Removes Grease and Particulates from Air Exhaust

    Operating Issue A food-industry leader in Alabama operates several pork-sausage cookers that exhaust over 4,000 ACFM of moisture and pork grease. The operator installed Electrostatic Precipitators (ESPs) to treat the exhaust but these systems performed poorly and generated high maintenance and operating costs. Additionally, these systems were antiquated and required significant capital ...


    By Pollution Systems

  • Metals: Scrubber System Removes HCL from Exhaust Case Study

    Although Indiana’s environmental protection agency has not yet added hydrochloric acid (HCl) standards to its Title 5 regulation of emissions sources, Allomatic Products Co., Sullivan, IN, was determined to erase HCI vapors from its plant discharge. In the mixed industrial/ residential neighborhood where its manufacturing plant is located, Allomatic wanted to be known as a good neighbor. ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Automotive: Scrubber system removes HCL from Exhaust case study

    Although Indiana’s environmental protection agency has not yet added hydrochloric acid (HCl) standards to its Title 5 regulation of emissions sources, Allomatic Products Co., Sullivan, IN, was determined to erase HCI vapors from its plant discharge. In the mixed industrial/ residential neighborhood where its manufacturing plant is located, Allomatic wanted to be known as a good neighbor. ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • What you need to know about diesel exhaust fluid (DEF)

    Sweeper engines have gone through some big changes in the last ten years. And each change has brought additional costs, unfamiliar technology, and new maintenance requirements. One of those changes is the development of Tier 4 Final engines that require diesel exhaust fluid (DEF). ...


    By Schwarze Industries, Inc.

  • Monitoring Multiple Gas Hazards in Ice Arenas

    The equipment used in an arena such as an ice re-surfacer, ice edger, floor sweepers, lift trucks and other special equipment are more often powered by fuel than electricity. The exhaust produced by the gas, propane or diesel fuel powered machines emits, into the air, carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulates. Ammonia (NH3) is commonly used in the ice chiller mechanical room ...

  • Recuperative Thermal Oxidizers and midstream natural gas processing - Case study

    A large midstream natural gas processing facility was in urgent need of a VOC abatement device for their newly expanded gas processing plant. The operator was expanding their operations at an unusually fast pace. In the process of bringing on new gas treating capacity, they found themselves up against the limits of their current operating permit. Any new sources would put them over their limits ...

  • Comparison of EGR ratios determined by four different methods for electronic re-circulation gate control

    In this study, low pressure systems have been applied for exhaust gas recycling (EGR), which is applied in certain operating conditions. Induction air, exhaust gas flow, amount of exhaust gas added to the induction air, amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the exhaust gas, and amount of carbon dioxide in the induction air mixed with the exhaust gas, have been measured and the EGR ratio has ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combustion strategies for PFI hydrogen IC engines

    Hydrogen is a very interesting fuel when it comes to load control. The high flame speeds of hydrogen mixtures and its wide flammability limits permit very lean operation. Where possible, Wide Open Throttle (WOT) operation is used, which regulates the load with the mixture richness (qualitative control) instead of using volumetric regulation (quantitative control) and, thus, avoiding pumping ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emission reduction methods and split fuel injection in a marine four-stroke engine

    Abstract The new emission legislation for sea-going vessels issued by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) requires drastic reduction in exhaust gas nitrogen oxides (NOX), and the combination of different primary methods can be an interesting solution without increasing remarkably the machinery. In this paper, the Miller cycle and the dilution with exhaust gas ...


    By ECO PHYSICS AG

  • New engines: Time to clear the air

    In response to new federal emission standards that went into effect Jan. 1, 2010 in the U.S. and Canada, engine manufacturers selected one of two choices to achieve a reduction in emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx). They either provide an in-cylinder approach through increased exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) only, or an engine aftertreatment approach using selective catalytic reduction (SCR) ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Advice on choosing 2010 compatible specs for heavy haulers

    Heavy haulers that transport loads above 120,000 pounds gross combination weight (GCW) must carefully specify their trucks for both durability and power. An over-spec’d truck may reduce fuel mileage and increase acquisition costs, while an under spec’d truck may not be sufficient to move the load, or may increase maintenance costs. The challenge is to achieve the right balance between ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Modeling Analysis of Fuel Sprays

    Current engine development processes in which computations play an important role have sought for numerical models which can accurately represent phenomena in spray combustion. The authors have developed original sub-models taking into account the effects of extensive spray combustion phenomena including nozzle cavitation, droplet breakup behavior, multi-component evaporation process, spray-wall ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Air emissions from the automobile manufacturing industry a bio-oxidation pilot study of paint emissions control

    Bio•Reaction Industries (BRI) was contacted by Toyota to assess the abatement potential of an engineered bio-oxidation system (biofilter). The proposed intent of the pilot was to evaluate the effectiveness of biofiltration as available alternative to traditional VOC removal technology on an existing 3 stage wheel paint booth. A pilot unit consisting of a biotrickling filter and a separate ...


  • Air Emissions from the automobile manufacturing industry: a bio-oxidation pilot study of paint emissions control

    Bio•Reaction Industries (BRI) was contacted by Toyota to assess the abatement potential of an engineered bio-oxidation system (biofilter). The proposed intent of the pilot was to evaluate the effectiveness of biofiltration as available alternative to traditional VOC removal technology on an existing 3 stage wheel paint booth. A pilot unit consisting of a biotrickling filter and a separate ...


  • Double Duty Scrubber for TDI Fumes A case-history description of a relatively uncomplicated but effective method for handling large runaway emissions of TDI and solvent vapors.

    NKI (B. V. Nederlandse Kleurstofindustrie, a subsidiary of Morton-Thiokol, Inc. U.S .A.), and one of the major industrial firms in the Netherlands, had a problem with extremely toxic TDI (toluene di-isocyanate) emissions from one of their processes . On a batch basis in different reactors, the largest being 6.5 m cubed(1717 U.S . gallons), a solution polymerization of TDI with polyols in a ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Chemical Industry: HCL System Exceeds Current Regulations Emission control meets requirements while recovering by-product for sale Case Study

    Chemron manufactures high-quality specialty chemicals and surfactants for personal care products, industrial, institutional, oil field, mining, coatings, lubricants and water treatment. Some of the operations result in the creation of hydrochloric acid with high variable rates. As expressed by Bill Frost, of Chemron: “Chemron maintains a strong environmental commitment, which views ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Sustainable management of household solid waste

    In most countries, the majority of household solid waste is landfilled because of associated low capital, operation and maintenance costs. However, many existing landfills have exhausted their handling capacities and new facilities are faced with the problem of siting. Alternatives to traditional landfill practice are required to achieve sustainability in managing solid waste. This manuscript ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Retrofitting diesel engines: reducing the emissions of our ideal power source

    Over the past several years, Avogadro Environmental has been working with a number of clients to develop proactive environmental programs as part of their EPA Performance Track and ISO 14001 management systems.  Many client companies that are proactively implementing measures to reduce their environmental footprint are looking for ideas.  Diesel engine retrofits for off-road stationary and mobile ...

  • Breathe easy: The importance of emission reduction and energy efficiency

    Breathe easy Blue oil mist is an unwelcome by-product of industrial work in the energy sector. contec specialises in high-powered, energy efficient and environmentally friendly oil mist filtration systems that reduce health risks and are an inexpensive alternative to traditional exhaust piping. The high concentrations of blue oil mist produced by industrial ...

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