expanded clay water filter media Articles

  • Dual-media filters, Fredrikstad waterworks, Norway

    Fredrikstad Waterworks in southeastern Norway has an annual water production of 15 mill. cubic metres and supplies the municipalities Fredrikstad and Hvaler. During autumn 2003 they have renovated their dual-media filters. After around 8 years of operation, the volume of filter media in the existing sand/anthracite-filters was significantly reduced resulting in poor filtering ...

  • Biological drinking water treatment Hong Kong

    The water treatment works takes water from the river Dongjiang in the Guangdong Province north of Hong Kong. The raw water has an average turbidity level of around 11 NTU and contents, among other things, ammonia and manganese. Water temperatures range from 12 to 34oC.   During planning of the waterworks ...

  • Compost in the mix for storm water management

    Bioretention areas, also known as rain gardens, are increasingly being used to capture and treat storm water runoff from impervious surfaces such as roofs, sidewalks and parking lots. These landscaped areas often feature native plants installed in an engineered soil mixture that includes compost. “Bioretention areas or rain gardens are an attractive storm water Best Management Practice (BMP) ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • How deep is your BAF? Evaluation of different bed depths for high rate biological denitrification filters with limit of technology pollutant removal

    Downflow Denitrification Filters are tertiary water and waste water treatment systems that allow denitrification and suspended solids removal to occur in a single step and allow limit of technology pollutant removal. With more and more stringent nutrient removal regulations coming up, downflow denitrification filters have increasingly become the solution of choice for plants faced with the ...

  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Case study - Filtralite Fredrikstad

    When renovating the filters the waterworks was interested in testing alternative filter media and replaced the anthracite layer in one of the filters with Filtralite® media for evaluation. Filtralite® is a filter media made of expanded clay and delivered by Saint-Gobain (Weber). In March 2002 Filtralite® media was installed on top of the existing sand in one out of totally 8 filters. ...

  • Case study - Hong Kong

    To meet the forecasted increases in demand for potable water, the new Tai Po Water Treatment Works has been built in Hong Kong. The plant has a production capacity of 1200 Ml/day This solution strongly reduced the chlorine demand for the plant compared to the alternative execution with break point chlorina The water treatment works takes water from the river Dongjiang in the Guangdong ...

  • Biological wastewater treatment Dalian, China

    To manage the demands set for the plant, a biological treatment with fixed bed was chosen. The water first undergoes pre-treatment by screening and grit/grease removal. Primary sedimentation is done in 4 tanks with lamellar sedimentation.   The first step in the biological treatment consists of BOD, COD and SS ...

  • Green Roofs are Growing

    Standards from ASTM International Committee E60 on Sustainability guide work on vegetative green roofs. Walking south along Michigan Ave. from the Chicago River, a first-time visitor might take in the green vistas of Millenium Park sprawling eastward toward the great lake with no hint that the park itself is a green roof. It covers ...


    By ASTM International

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