exposure standard Articles

  • Technical and safety practices

    Safety is absolutely paramount in the medical industry, with lives literally at stake if something were o go wrong. Regrettably, this was more than reinforced recently following the tragic news of a death of a newborn at a hospital in Sydney, Australia, after it was mistakenly administered nitrous oxide (N2O) instead of oxygen (O2) in July this ...


    By Geotech

  • 10 Reasons why you should continuously monitor low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants for worker safety

    1. Sterilant chemicals are highly toxic Low temperature and liquid chemical sterilants are designed to kill all microorganisms including resistant spores and if they were not toxic, they would not be effective in sufficiently high concentration to destroy all microbial life including the chemically resistant sporicidal forms of certain ...


    By ChemDAQ, Inc.

  • Embalmers risk dangerous exposure to Formaldehyde

    Embalmers can be at risk of dangerous exposure to Formaldehyde. ...


    By PPM Technology

  • A Commitment to Standards

    An Interview with Philip Piqueira, Global Standards Leader for GE’s Industrial Solutions Business General Electric participates in standards development through its work on numerous committees and organizations. Philip Piqueira discusses why this business strategy and its continuance is crucial for GE. From your perspective as the global standards ...


    By ASTM International

  • 'Early' leukaemia effect in prolonged exposure with high doses

    Unique information from the medical dosimetric register of the IC 'Mayak' personnel (SUrIBPh) was used relating to the starting period of the beginnings of the Russian nuclear branch, when the personnel were exposed to doses that exceeded all modern standards. Earlier (2–5 years after the beginning of exposure), the dynamics of leukaemia morbidity was found among the personnel exposed to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Beat the Heat: Occupational Exposure to Heat and Hot Environments

    With summer underway, now is the perfect time for organizations to examine their policies and procedures regarding employee heat exposure, especially in light of the recently published document from NIOSH titled, “Occupational Exposure to Heat and Hot Environments”, Publication Number 2016-106. What is the ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Controlling Exposure to Noise at Work with Personal Noise Dosimeters

    Which method is best to monitor noise: sound level meter or noise dosimeter? Controlling exposure to noise at work with noise dosimeters Our work environment has been transformed since the 1970’s with the introduction of new machinery and technical equipment designed to improve and increase general productivity. This has revolutionalised the way we operate ...


    By Pulsar Instruments plc

  • Exposure to haloacetic acids via typical components of the Japanese diet and their allocations of drinking water ingestion to total exposure

    We conducted a national-scale survey on the haloacetic acids (HAAs) in the typical components of the Japanese diet. Combined with the findings of a previous study on multi-route HAA exposure, we estimated the actual relative contributions of drinking water ingestion to total HAA exposure and in this paper we discuss the necessary allocation factors for setting drinking water quality standard ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Beyond the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard

    Are you considering the full range of applicable OSHA Standards for your healthcare facility? Healthcare facilities are a highly regulated industry and many hospitals and ambulatory care settings work hard to reach and maintain appropriate accreditation goals. Much focus is placed on patient safety and the myriad of other quality measures healthcare facilities are required to meet. ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Types of Environmental Standards

    Different kinds of environmental standards can serve quite different purposes in environmental policy. This note outlines these differences Ambient Standards Ambient standards set maximum allowable levels of a pollutant in the receiving medium (air, water and soil). Ambient standards can offer a simple method of establishing priorities since areas (or stream lengths) which ...


  • Outdoor/Indoor/Personal Ozone Exposures of Children in Nashville, Tennessee

    An ozone (O3) exposure study was conducted in Nashville, TN, using passive O3 samplers to measure six weekly outdoor, indoor, and personal O3 exposure estimates for a group of 10- to 12-yr-old elementary school children. Thirty-six children from two Nashville area communities (Inglewood and Hendersonville) participated in the O3 sampling program, and 99 children provided additional timeactivity ...


    By Ogawa & Company, USA, Inc.

  • Atmospheric dispersion and individual exposure of hazardous materials. Validation and intercomparison studies

    In a previous study, new approaches have been introduced in the CFD-RANS modelling, according to which the concentration time scales are estimated as a function not only of the flow turbulence time scales but also of the pollutant travel times. The new approaches have been implemented for the calculation of the concentration fluctuation dissipation time scale and the maximum individual exposure ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Inequitable allocation of deep community wells for reducing arsenic exposure in Bangladesh

    Community wells that extend deeper than most private wells are crucial for reducing exposure to groundwater arsenic (As) in rural Bangladesh. This study evaluates the impact on access to safe drinking water of 915 such intermediate (90–150 m) and deep (>150 m) wells across a 180 km2 area where a total of 48,790 tubewells were tested with field kits in 2012–13. Half the shallow private wells ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Meeting the challenges of employee noise exposure in the oil and gas industry

    Noise exposure legislation, designed to protect the hearing of employees and prevent noise nuisance, is becoming tougher and more widespread. Cirrus Research plc provides a range of noise measurement instruments which have been designed to provide noise measurement solutions. In particular, the doseBadge Personal Noise Dosemeter is widely used in the Petrochemical and Mining industries where the ...


    By Cirrus Research plc

  • Highly time‐variable exposure to chemicals—toward an assessment strategy

    Organisms in the environment experience fluctuating, pulsed, or intermittent exposure to pollutants. Accounting for effects of such exposures is an important challenge for environmental risk assessment, particularly given the simplified design of standard ecotoxicity tests. Dynamic simulation using toxicokinetic‐toxicodynamic (TK‐TD) models describes the processes that link exposure with ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • How to Deal with Asbestos Exposure in Your Workplace: Advice for Managers

    Industrial mangers are faced with hundreds of responsibilities each day. Ensuring worker safety should be at the top of their priority list – especially when it comes to asbestos. Do you work in management at a construction site or industrial occupation? Here’s what you can do to promote asbestos safety: Conduct ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • Mercury in the seafood and human exposure in coastal area of Guangdong Province, South China

    Consumption of fish and aquatic products is considered to be the main pathway of human exposure to methylmercury (MeHg). To assess human health risk through seafood consumption in a coastal area of Guangdong Province, South China, a total of 518 seafood samples (including fish, shrimp, crabs, and mollusks) were collected from 11 coastal cities for total mercury (THg) analysis. The THg ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Trends in air quality and population exposure in Santiago, Chile, 1989–2001

    This study focused on establishing trends in the period 1988–2001 in PM2.5, PM10 and ozone concentrations in Santiago, Chile, and linking those to population exposure. There is strong seasonality in the concentration levels, driven by prevailing meteorological conditions, with the concentration of particulates peaking at the beginning of winter, whereas the ozone ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to deal with asbestos exposure in your workplace: advice for industrial workers

    At one point, more than 75 different industries exposed workers to asbestos. Even though these industries have been made safer by regulations from the National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, many workers still come in contact with asbestos products that remain at their jobsites. Although most industrial employees face some form of asbestos exposure risks during their career, ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • Distribution, characterization, and exposure of MC252 oil in the supratidal beach environment

    The distribution and characteristics of MC252 oil:sand aggregates, termed surface residue balls (SRBs), were measured on the supratidal beach environment of oil‐impacted Fourchon Beach in Louisiana (USA). Probability distributions of 4 variables, surface coverage (%), size of SRBs (mm2 of projected area), mass of SRBs per m2 (g/m2), and concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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