federal equivalent method Articles

  • Is it time to upgrade the PM2.5 federal reference method?

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) has in many respects been a great success. When the method was implemented, there was some doubt that the state and local monitoring agencies that routinely provide air quality data would be able to manage a program, which often distinguishes one location from another by just a few μg/m3. As it turns out, data from the FRM ...

  • Greenhouse gas emissions from waste management-assessment of quantification methods

    Of the many sources of urban greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, solid waste is the only one for which management decisions are undertaken primarily by municipal governments themselves and is hence often the largest component of cities’ corporate inventories. It is essential that decision-makers select an appropriate quantification methodology and have an appreciation of methodological ...

  • Evaluation of Priority Pollutant VOCs in Waste-Water and Solid Waste by EPA Method-624 Gas Chromatography

    Processing waste discharges, manufacturing effluents and sewage would not normally have been a problem 50 years ago, but the advent of almost unchecked industrial growth the latter half of the last century has created the POTENTIAL for a wide variety of characterized pollutants to enter the environment of any municipality. The toxic METALS are tested by approved State & Federal methods defined in ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • EPA Reviews National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone, and Other Recent CAA Developments

    EPA Reviews National Ambient Air Quality Standards For Ozone: On December 17, 2014, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a proposed rule revising the air quality criteria for ozone (O3) and related photochemical oxidants and National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for O3. 79 Fed. Reg. 75234. EPA proposed to revise the primary standard to a level within ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Performance characterization of the MiniVol PM2.5 Sampler case study

    Measurements were conducted to assess the MiniVol PM2.5 sampler performance for various particle preseparator configurations including flat and cup impaction stages. Laboratory measurements were conducted to determine the impactor collection efficiency as a function of paricle size. Impactor cut points - the aerodynamic particle diameter exhibiting 50% collection efficiency - were 2.5 um (+- 10%) ...


    By Airmetrics

  • Avoiding Sewer Fires with Vapor Space Organics Monitoring

    ABSTRACTRegulation of flammable gases released from wastewater discharges is facilitated by the use of the Vapor Space Organics test method. Such regulation can reduce the risk of a flash sewer fire, resulting damage and potential injury. The updated 2003 VSO process developed by Severn Trent Laboratories produced data that was equivalent to the 1990 VSO process developed and used by the ...

  • The 10 Key Factors in Selecting a Stack Sampling Firm

    Summary: This document is a summary of the key factors that you should take into consideration when hiring a stack testing firm.This has been prepared in conjunction with the ASTM criteria for standard practice of testing companies.The ASTM criteria has been supplemented, based on 125 years of direct testing experience, which is the combined years of experience of the individuals that contributed ...

  • Carbon tax a sensible first step, but for how long: Australia

    The Carbon Tax is a good first step in addressing Australia's high carbon emissions but we really need to introduce the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) in 2015 for the carbon price to be an effective pollution deterrent according to one of Australia's most senior economists. "Many economists agree that carbon pricing is the most efficient method of reducing greenhouse gases, and that the carbon ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Refrigerant compliance includes calculating carbon emissions

    If you manage a facility using a refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) system or heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC-R) system, it’s time to comply with federal and state environmental laws regarding carbon emissions. To help reduce greenhouse gases, the law requires calculating carbon emissions. This means monitoring, collecting data and performing extensive reporting of CO2 ...


    By Verisae

  • Landfills have a huge greenhouse gas problem. Here’s what we can do about it.

    We take out our trash and feel lighter and cleaner. But at the landfill, the food and yard waste that trash contains is decomposing and releasing methane, a greenhouse gas that’s 28 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Landfill gas also contributes to smog, worsening health problems like asthma. Globally, trash released nearly 800 million metric tons (882 million tons) of ...


    By Ensia

  • EPA shifts PM2.5 PSD permitting policies

    On August 12, 2009, EPA created a significant stir in the regulated community when it issued an order that signals a significant shift in how the agency intends particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) emissions to be regulated under the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) program. The order specifically applied to petitions filed by environmental groups ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • The Safety of Genetically Modified Foods Produced through Biotechnology

    Executive Summary The Society of Toxicology (SOT) is committed to protecting and enhancing human, animal, and environmental health through the sound application of the fundamental principles of the science of toxicology. It is with this goal in mind that the SOT defines here its current consensus position on the safety of foods produced through biotechnology ...


    By Oxford University Press

  • Linking Uncertainty Analysis with Trading Ratio Determination from TMDL Allocation Process

    ABSTRACTTMDL allocation is central to the overall TMDL process because it creates a technically feasible and reasonably fair division of the allowable load among sources. An innovative approach for TMDL allocation and implementation is the watershed-based pollutant trading. Given the inherent scientific uncertainty for the tradeoffs between point and nonpoint sources, setting of trading ratios ...

  • 10 Years Experience of CSO Management in the United Kingdom

    ABSTRACTThe United Kingdom’s ageing sewerage infrastructure meant that by the late 20th century the country was facing a major environmental problem associated with storm sewage discharges from more than 8,000 unsatisfactory combined sewer overflows (CSOs). Addressing this problem presented a major challenge to the UK water industry, but it is a challenge that has been met by a combination of ...

  • Water Quality Benefits of Grass Swales in Managing Highway Runoff

    ABSTRACTGrass swales are a vegetated stormwater management technology that can remove surface runoff contamination through sedimentation, filtration by the grass blades, infiltration to the soil, and likely some biological processes. Two full-scale grass swales in the median of a four-lane highway were monitored during 18 storm events to characterize the overall performance of grass swales as a ...

  • Water infrastructure security against Al Qaeda`s revenge for the death of Bin Laden

    On May 2, 2011, the United States (U.S.) President Barack Obama announced that the U.S. forces killed Osama Bin Laden, the world's most dangerous terrorist leader that killed approximately 3000 Americans on September 11, 2011 (9/11) terror attacks. Currently, the U.S. intelligence is in possession of valuable materials of Al Qaeda operations (Thomas, 2011). Terrorist attack plots include water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • RapidM2M: efficient, secure and stable M2M solutions

    A Machine-to-Machine technology combining low data volume with IT security and international data transmission at a internationally standardised service rate: That’s rapidM2M by Microtronics. Our blog article answers four questions about rapidM2M. What differentiates rapidM2M from other technologies on the market? How do system integrators benefit from ...

  • Time to Ban Clay for Oil Spill Cleanup

    The Silent Menace that Government Agencies Can No Longer Ignore Every day in the United States - and beyond - government agencies, fleet managers, auto mechanics, gas and service stations and hundreds of thousands of consumers violate US hazardous waste laws by throwing clay-based oil spill cleanup products into the trash, bound for a landfill where it will contribute to the pollution of aquifers ...


  • European Union Biocidal Products Regulation and Its Impact on Industry: A Practical Briefing

    The European Union (EU) Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR) has entered into EU law. This legislation changes the way in which biocidal active substances and biocidal products are regulated in the EU. The new EU regulatory system differs from other global regulatory systems for biocidal substances and redefines what are considered biocidal products and treated articles. Companies competing in this ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

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