fermentation off-gas Articles

  • Anaerobic procedures (fermentation)

    Anaerobic technology is particularly well suited for the utilisation of organic industrial refuse with a high water content as well as for the organic part of bio-waste. A crucial factor for the increasing acceptance of anaerobic waste treatment is the fact that - in contrast to composting - the energy (digested gas) which is released during fermentation can be collected and used and enables ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • From fermentation residues to nutrient concentrate

    The growing number of bio-gas plants makes it in-creasingly difficult to return the fermentation residue substrates to green spaces or arable land. Especially large-scale plants are often unable to find sufficient disposal possibilities in acceptable distances. Therefore it is sensible to treat fermentation residue substrates by suitable screening processes in such a way that they can be ...


    By atech innovations gmbh

  • Origin and production of acetoin during wine yeast fermentation

    The flavor of alcoholic beverages is produced by a very large number of compounds (50). Among these, acetoin is important because of its involvement in the bouquet of wine, and it is the key compound in the biosynthesis of 2,3-butanediol and diacetyl. These two compounds are closely related to acetoin, representing three levels of oxidation in ...

  • Industrial Anaerobic Biological Fermentation - Case Study

    The cooperation between the above mentioned innovative companies forces to impressive results. Hager & Elsässer planned the Aquatyx R2S reactor-technology which is installed in glass lined steel tanks from GLS Tanks International. AQUATYX is primarily for industrial anaerobic biological fermentation of highly polluted wastewater, as they are to also found for example in the paper ...


    By GLS Tanks International GmbH

  • QIC-Biostream - exhaust gas analysis of small scale fermenters

    Summary The application of the Hiden QIC-Biostream gas analysis system is to monitor the off-gas and vapours from up to 80 small scale fermenters for yield optimisation and process screening. Introduction Biotechnology is an extremely important area for the 21st century and information relating to yield of a product is crucial to most Biotech ...


    By Hiden Analytical

  • Recycling Waste Products from Molasses Fermentation: CSR Distilleries

    CSR’s Sarina ethanol distillery has changed from an environmental pariah in the local community into a welcome industry. Through a world-first plant design, it has reduced steam and water consumption, improved plant productivity and product quality, and turned a pollutant into a saleable, import-replacing product. Instead of closing down in the face of community opposition to its environmental ...


  • Conversion of sewage sludge to commodity chemicals via syngas fermentation

    Gasification of sewage sludge allows the recovery of energy, and produces a mix of CO, CO2 and H2 called synthesis gas (or syngas), which can be fermented by acetogenic bacteria to added-value products. This work presents the conversion of syngas to organic acids and alcohols using both pure and mixed cultures. Pure culture kinetic experiments with Clostridium ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improving performance of a gas stripping-based recovery system to remove butanol from Clostridium beijerinckii fermentation

    The effect of factors such as gas recycle rate, bubble size, presence of acetone, and ethanol in the solution/broth were investigated in order to remove butanol from model solution or fermentation broth (also called acetone butanol ethanol or ABE or solvents). Butanol (8 g L–1, model solution, Fig. 2) stripping rate was found to be proportional to the gas recycle rate. In the bubble size range ...


    By Springer

  • Sorbitol-fermenting Bifidobacteria are indicators of very recent human faecal pollution in streams and groundwater habitats in urban tropical lowlands

    Sorbitol-fermenting Bifidobacteria (SFB) proved to be an excellent indicator of very recent human faecal pollution (hours to days) in the investigated tropical stream and groundwater habitats. SFB were recovered from human faeces and sources potentially contaminated with human excreta. SFB were undetectable in animal faeces and environmental samples not contaminated with human faeces. Microcosm ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Gas Safety in Confined Spaces

    Introduction An offshore worker ensures a vessel is safe to enter; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face common dangers, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited. A confined space ...

  • Gas safety in confined spaces

    An engineer repairs buried cables; a plant manager enters a small plant room; a contractor inspects the lining of a sewage pipe.  All these personnel face a common danger, despite working in widely different industries.  Gas-related injury poses a serious threat in any confined space where the free movement of air is limited.  ...

  • CO2 Gas Hazards in the Brewing Industry

    The hazards associated with CO2 in the brewing industry are well known, yet people still die needlessly every year in tragic and completely avoidable accidents in breweries. Just last year in Germany, which has a good safety record, two workers died in separate incidents at the same brewery. In the first incident, the owner was found dead with his head and torso in a beer mixing tank. It is ...

  • Case study - China Resources Gas Group Ltd

    Anaerobic fermentation project with waste water in Qidong Jiangsu Province, China.  The purification project was set up in order to connect the biogas to the city’s gas pipeline. The customer’s challenge Biogas upgrading: the Group aims to make use of what would ordinarily be a by-product – waste water.  Gas is extracted from a water treatment process, ...


    By Geotech

  • Dietary choices and greenhouse gas emissions – assessment of impact of vegetarian and organic options at national scale

    This study quantifies the sources of agricultural GHG emissions and explores the impact of diet on GHG emissions in Finland. The emissions associated with production of basic food items were quantified for four diet options. For current average food consumption, emissions from soil represent 62% of the total. The emissions due to enteric fermentation contribute 24%, and energy consumption and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Greene King Brewery gas leak – carbon dioxide in breweries

    On Thursday 15 October 2015, a carbon dioxide leak occurred at the Greene King Brewery on an estate in Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk. Emergency services were sent to the incident and nearby residents were evacuated as a precaution. Twenty people were rescued from the building, and the incident was quickly taken control of. ...


    By Analox Sensor Technology

  • Enhancing biological phosphorus removal with glycerol

    An enhanced biological phosphorus removal process (EBPR) was successfully operated in presence of acetate. When glycerol was substituted for acetate in the feed the EBPR process failed. Subsequently waste activated sludge (WAS) from the reactor was removed to an off-line fermenter. The same amount of glycerol was added to the WAS fermenter which led to significant volatile fatty acids (VFA) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dreyer & Bosse deliver renewable energy CHP project to Sofia in Bulgaria

    The Sofia council decided to invest in renewable energy to make use of the many tons of biowaste (vegetative material),  20,000 tons per annum, from the waste removal collections that take place daily in Sofia and surrounding area. To make this possible it was decided to go for wet fermentation where the substrate or raw material ferments and the biogas is collected. After three weeks the ...

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries

    Pharmaceutical and biorech companies can fine-tune costs, quality, and emissions if they are equipped with more effective measurement sys- tems. Sierra mass flow meters and controllers provide precise measure- ment and control designed for process industries. They can make any plant more cost-effective in the following ways: Controlling Gas Flow To Fermenters The flow of gases to ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Green Energy Applications Guide to Flow Measurement

    Provides technical discussion and illustrations for nine (9) different green energy and green-house gas flow measurement applications.  Includes landfill gas, biomass fermentation, wastewater digesters, on-farm biogas recovery, ethanol production/refining, coal mine and coal bed methane (CMM, CBM), biomass gasification, flare gas and flue gas.  Discussion includes overview of each ...

  • Co-gasification of wood and polyethylene with the aim of CO and H2 production

    This article describes the gasification of polyethylene–wood mixtures to form syngas (H2 and CO) with the aim of feedstock recycling via direct fermentation of syngas to ethanol. The aim was to determine the effects of four process parameters on process properties that give insight into the efficiency of gasification in general, and particularly into the optimum gasification conditions for the ...


    By Springer

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