field optical detection Articles

  • Chemical sensing with nanowires using electrical and optical detection

    Chemical nanosensors based on inorganic nanowires hold promise for the extremely sensitive, direct detection of pollutants, toxins and biomolecules on platforms small enough to be integrated on optoelectronic chips or even deployed in living organisms. This paper discusses two approaches to nanowire-based chemical and biological detection. First we review the development of electrically-driven ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advances in Optical Techniques for Moisture and Hydrocarbon Detection

    Abstract Every year, the world uses in the region of 100 trillion scf (standard cubic feet) of natural gas (1). All of this gas requires treatment before it enters the pipeline, making natural gas processing a key global industry. Minimization of costs is achieved through optimization of these processes, requiring accurate online measurement of gas composition at multiple points in the ...


  • Optical encoders and LiDAR scanning

    Overview Modern technology is taken for granted; a driver only needs to type a destination into a SATNAV system and step-by-step instructions, journey distance and duration, driving conditions and hazards, as well as alternative routes, instantly appear. In order to work, highly accurate and up-to-date maps are required of an entire country's road ...


    By Renishaw plc

  • Data Collection for Smart LDAR - Optical Imaging

    Abstract:  Use of infrared cameras to discover gaseous VOCs as part of a Fugitive Emissions Leak Detection And Repair (LDAR) regulatory compliance program is new to the chemical processing and oil ...


    By InspectionLogic Corporation

  • Time-Domain Physical-Optics Simulation Technique for Electromagnetic Imaging by Subsurface Radar

    Abstract - This paper presents a 2-D scalar numerical time-domain (TD) model based on physical optics (PO) for simulation of electromagnetic phenomena. This TD-PO model should be applied for detection and location of objects hidden in opaque media by subsurface TD radar system. The proposed approach allows considering of basic physical principles, governing electromagnetic radiation and ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Plasmonic colorimetry: visual detection of environmentally relevant species

    Colorimetric detection of chemical species based on specially tailored noble metal nanoparticles is garnering increasing interest in the scientific community. The aggregation/dispersion of unmodified or ligand–functionalised plasmonic nanostructures upon binding to an environmental pollutant results in a colorimetric response, which can be easily discerned with the naked eye. This review ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Affinity–based biosensors for heavy metal detection

    In recent years, there has been a pressing need for fast and reliable methods for environmental monitoring. Among the various pollutants, the heavy metals are some of the most harmful because these substances are non–biodegradable and retained by the ecological system. Conventional analytical techniques for heavy metals imply high cost, trained personnel and the repute that they are mostly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Detection and measurement of GWGs in semiconductor fab facilities

    Problem Statement Various processes and tools in the modern wafer fab plant produce effluent streams that contain unacceptably high levels of perfluorocarbon GWGs (greenhouse warming gases). These effluent streams are abated by plasma incineration and wet scrubbers and other techniques. It is necessary to measure the destruction removal efficiency (DRE) of the various abatement methods ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Safety Systems Depend on Reliable Field Sensors (Emphasis on Fire and Gas Detectors)

    Abstract Because not all hazards are the same, identifying and quantifying the hazard is the starting point in choosing sensing technology. Not all detectors are the same, and they should be selected according to their ability to detect the hazard. This paper gives a broad summary of technologies that provide users reliable responses to hazardous conditions, that minimise false ...

  • A machine learning approach for estimation of shallow water depths from optical satellite images and sonar measurements

    There has been a rapid growth in the field of remote sensing and its various applications in the area of water management. Nowadays, there are several remote sensing techniques that can be used as a source to derive bathymetry data along coastal areas. The key techniques are: sonar (sound navigating and ranging), LiDAR (light detection and ranging) and high-resolution satellite images. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ping-Ping, What’s That Sound? Acoustic Fiber Optic Technology Helps Identify Problematic Water Mains

    With the deteriorating state of many aging water mains found in cities across North America, urbanites are frequently witnessing unexpected plumes of water erupt as man-made geysers in their own metropolitan backyards. While natural geysers are awe inspiring, urban geysers are much less so, due to their destruction to property, roads and the environment. Because an uninterrupted water flow is the ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Advanced gas detection technology supports arctic greenhouse gas research

    Enormous quantities of greenhouse gases (GHG) exist within Arctic ice and frozen soils, so with the threat of global warming, a clear understanding of the relationship between GHG in the atmosphere and in the ice/soil is vital because melting of permafrost could cause a dangerous climate tipping point. There can be few more challenging environments for monitoring gases, but PhD researcher Martin ...


    By Quantitech Ltd

  • Advanced Gas Detection Technology supports Arctic Greenhouse Gas Research

    Enormous quantities of greenhouse gases (GHG) exist within Arctic ice and frozen soils, so with the threat of global warming, a clear understanding of the relationship between GHG in the atmosphere and in the ice/soil is vital because melting of permafrost could cause a dangerous climate tipping point. There can be few more challenging environments for monitoring gases, but PhD researcher Martin ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Atmospheric dispersion of argon-41 from a nuclear research reactor: measurement and modelling of plume geometry and gamma radiation field

    An atmospheric dispersion experiment was conducted using a visible tracer along with the routine releases of 41Ar from the BR1 research reactor in Mol, Belgium. Simultaneous measurements of plume geometry and radiation field from 41Ar decay were performed as well as measurements of the 41Ar source term and the meteorological parameters. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The determination of major and minor elements in air filters and urine for hazard assessment, using a new CCD DUAL-VIEWED ICP optical emission spectrometer

    This article describes the application of a new type of CCD-based, dualviewed ICP optical emission spectrometer for the analyses of industrial hygiene types of samples. Several trace elements in air filter media are determined by ICP-OES. Urinary electrolytes and trace elements are determined in a single dilution automatically in both the axial and radial plasma viewing orientations. Results of ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • The importance of background in the Detection and Identification of Gas Plumes using Emissive Infrared Hyperspectral Sensing

    Abstract Using a Fourier transform infrared field spectrometer, spectral infrared radiance measurements were made of several generated gas plumes against both a uniform sky and terrestrial background. Background temperature, spectral complexity, and physical homogeneity each influenced the success of emissive infrared spectral sensing technology in detecting and identifying the presence of a ...


    By D&P Instruments

  • Silicon optocouplers for biosensing

    Here we review on the fabrication and the bioanalytical applications of a monolithic silicon optocoupler that integrates an array of silicon avalanche diodes as light sources, detectors and silicon nitride optical fibres, all intercoupled through a self-alignment technique. The optocoupler is combined with a microfluidic module that allows for simultaneous real-time sensing of multiple analytes. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • PetroSense Hydrocarbon Sensors and Their Applications

    The increasing concern about hydrocarbon contamination of process water andproduced water has created an increasing need for in-situ, real time, and accurate low costinstrumentation that can provide rapid detection and easily usable in the field. PetroSense sensors [1,2] represents “best in breed” technology for the detectionof total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). PetroSense sensors ...


    By PetroSense, Inc

  • Distributed Thermal-Acoustic Data Integration

    Silixa has developed a technique called Distributed Thermal Acoustics (DTA) to monitor simultaneously the thermal and acoustic profile along a hybrid optical fibre cable in submarine environments. Using its world leading distributed fibre optic technology (ULTIMATM DTS and iDASTM) Silixa deployed an optical fibre cable along the seabed and across the water column in an active gas seepage ...


    By Silixa Ltd

  • Ocean outfall plume characterization using an autonomous underwater vehicle

    A monitoring mission to map and characterize the Point Loma Ocean Outfall (PLOO) wastewater plume using an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) was performed on 3 March 2011. The mobility of an AUV provides a significant advantage in surveying discharge plumes over traditional cast-based methods, and when combined with optical and oceanographic sensors, provides a capability for both detecting ...


    By IWA Publishing

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