field soil testing Articles

  • Field Hydraulic Conductivity Tests for Compacted Soil Liners

    Field hydraulic conductivity tests are required to determine the in situ hydraulic conductivity of compacted clay soils used in the liners for hazardous waste management facilities. The test must be capable of measuring hydraulic conductivities of 1 × 10-9 m/s or less, and the values obtained must be representative of the overall soil liner. Few of the methods available are capable of both ...


    By ASTM International

  • New Field Test for Lead (Pb2+) in Soil

    Field tests for the detection of lead in soil are not frequently accepted, since the tests are rather cumbersome or not reliable for screening determinations. Recently, we developed the LEADQuick field test kit for the detection of lead in water with 3 #22;g/L sensitivity. This test is further modifiedto detect lead in soil with a sensitivity 0.03 #22;g. We developed an extraction protocol using ...

  • Arsenic wood field testing kit

    Now available from Industrial Test Systems, Inc. is a quick, easy, field test kit that can confirm the presence of inorganic arsenic in wood. Arsenic Quick™ 481396-W kit is a modification of the US Patented, ETV Verified arsenic test for drinking water. This 10 minute test readily confirms the absence or presence of arsenic in any wood sample, including CCA treated lumber using safe ...

  • International Journal of Soil, Sediment and Water features `new field test for lead in soil` article

    ABSTRACT Field tests for the detection of lead in soil are not frequently accepted, since the tests are rather cumbersome or not reliable for screening determinations. Recently, we developed the LEADQuick field test kit for the detection of lead in water with 3 #22;g/L sensitivity. This test is further modified to detect lead in soil with a sensitivity 0.03 #22;g. We developed an extraction ...

  • Quantifying soil surface photolysis under conditions simulating water movement in the field: A new laboratory test design

    Soil surface photolysis can be a significant dissipation pathway for agrochemicals under field conditions, although it is assumed that such degradation ceases once the agrochemical is transported away from the surface following rainfall/irrigation and subsequent drainage of soil pore water. However, as both downward and upward water movement occurs under field conditions, relatively mobile ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Field-Scale Application of Oxygen Releasing Compound in Deep Vadose Soils

    Summary Paz Kibutz Galuyot is a large gas-station that underwent complete renovation of its infrastructure, as well as remediation of the contaminated saturated and unsaturated zones, under the old tank farm and dispensers. The remediation project has started after one of the tanks in the old tank farm failed tightness test and appeared to contaminate the unsaturated zone down to ...


  • The Thermal Probe—Measurement of the Thermal Conductivity and Drying Rate of Soil in the Field

    The thermal probe is a metal rod with an internal heating element and temperature sensor. In the field it is pushed into a predrilled hole in otherwise undisturbed soil, and the thermal properties of the soil are estimated from the temperatures recorded at intervals after a constant power is supplied to the heating element. The following are discussed in this paper: the theory behind the methods ...


    By ASTM International

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

  • The effect of pH on the toxicity of ZnO nanoparticles to Folsomia candida in amended field soil

    The effect of soil pH on the toxicity of 30 nm ZnO to Folsomia candida was assessed in Dorset field soils with pHCaCl2 adjusted to 4.31, 5.71 and 6.39. To unravel the contribution of particle size and dissolved Zn, 200 nm ZnO and ZnCl2 were tested. Zn sorption increased with increasing pH and Freundlich kf values ranged from 98.9 to 333 (L/kg)1/n for 30 nm ZnO and from 64.3 to 187 (L/kg)1/n ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Are your field soil screening procedures providing you with practical and accurate information?

    Untitled Document Environmental consulting activities frequently require that on-the-spot decisions be made in the field concerning the ...


    By Enviro-Equipment, Inc.

  • Infiltration Testing for Hydraulic Conductivity of Soil Liners

    This paper describes the use of single ring infiltrometers for evaluating the hydraulic conductivity of compacted soil liners. Procedures are presented for installation and monitoring of infiltrometers in the field. Results of hydraulic conductivity estimated from infiltrometer tests on six laboratory model liners are presented and compared with the results of conventional laboratory tests. In ...


    By ASTM International

  • Case study - Performance testing PAHs in soil

    These case studies highlight Sitelab’s accuracy from customers who have used the UVF-3100D for testing Target PAHs. This test correlates well to U.S. EPA Method 8270 or similar GC methods, which includes a list of 16 or more compounds. The analyzer is fitted with special optical filters sensitive to this same group of hydrocarbons. Examples of UVF-3100D testing Polycyclic Aromatic ...


    By Sitelab Corporation

  • Phytotoxicity of trace metals in spiked and field‐contaminated soils: Linking soil extractable metals with toxicity

    Soil tests have been widely developed to predict trace metal uptake by plants. The prediction of metal toxicity however has rarely been tested. The study was set up to compare eight established soil tests for diagnosing phytotoxicity in contaminated soils. Nine soils contaminated with Zn or Cu by metal mining, smelting or processing were collected. Uncontaminated reference soils with similar ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Random fields in SVSlope and SVFlux

    Geotechnical engineering, as a general practice, has always struggled with quantifying the significant amount of variability that can be present at any given site. There may be variability present in field sampling methods, equipment, lab testing procedures, level of training of field personnel, or many other such factors. One particular problematic aspect of slope stability analysis is the ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • Soil Fracturing

    Introduction Fracturing is an enhancement technology designed to increase the efficiency of other in situ technologies in difficult soil conditions. The fracturing extends and enlarges existing fissures and introduces new fractures, primarily in the horizontal direction. When fracturing has been completed, the formation is then subjected to vapor extraction, either by applying a vacuum to all ...

  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

  • Soil-Geogrid Reinforcement Interaction by Pullout and Direct Shear Tests

    Pullout and direct shear tests have been conducted to investigate the soil-reinforcement interaction behavior in pullout and direct shear mechanisms. An apparatus—discussed in this paper—has been developed that is capable of performing both pullout and direct shear tests. Displacement measurements to monitor dilatancy on the backfill soil during pullout tests are incorporated in the apparatus. ...


    By ASTM International

  • Wave Propagation in Soils: Multi-Mode, Wide-Band Testing in a Waveguide Device

    This paper presents the development of a waveguide device and the corresponding processing methodology to study wave propagation in particulate materials. Its main advantages are: the cancellation of biasing transfer functions (e.g., transducer, coupling, and electronics); the determination of both velocity and attenuation in a wide frequency range; the evaluation of torsional, flexural, and ...


    By ASTM International

  • Testing a grid-based soil erosion model across topographically complex landscapes

    This study was conducted to evaluate the overall performance of the Precision Agricultural-Landscape Modeling System (PALMS) for calculating runoff and soil loss under cropped conditions. The PALMS model uses a lognormal distribution of saturated hydraulic conductivity across the fields to simulate typical soil heterogeneity within soil texture classes. Runoff and soil loss data were collected in ...

  • The Influence of Test Procedure on Correlation of Atterberg Limits with Liquefaction in Fine-Grained Soils

    Liquefaction potential of fine-grained soil deposits is today judged, in part, based on an observed correlation of Atterberg limits to field performance of soils shaken by the 1976 Tangshan earthquake in the People´s Republic of China (PRC). Criteria were subsequently developed and adopted into current liquefaction potential evaluation practice without regard to the test procedures used to ...


    By ASTM International

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