fire accident Articles

  • Accident scenarios for marshalling yards in The Netherlands: Private or public fire fighting

    Since the introduction of the Seveso and Seveso II directive (1996), many Western European countries have had the opportunity to demand that installations processing hazardous materials have a private fire brigade. In the Netherlands, based on the Dutch company fire brigade decree, certain companies can be compelled to have a private fire brigade (BZK, 1990). Hazardous materials are processed at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reduce accident and fire risk with flammable storage safety cans

    Flammable or combustible liquids are used in almost every industry and place of business. Gasoline, chemicals, solvents and a variety of other hazardous liquids are found in varying amounts and locations in industrial, commercial and residential settings. Since many of these liquids are relatively common, it is important to understand the dangers they present and the special storage and handling ...


    By Interstate Products Inc

  • Investigation of an LPG accident with different mathematical model applications

    An LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) storage accident was reconstructed through several simulation models, with the aims of the reported and filmed effects and damage. The accident happened in Paese, near Treviso (Italy) in March 1996 and was characterised by complex phenomena due to a choked release of LPG from a tanker. There was a dispersion of light winds and, after about 40 minutes, a flash-fire ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergency response possibilities at freight railway tunnel accidents

    Recent tunnel disasters in several Western European countries such as Switzerland (Gotthard tunnel, 2001) and Austria (Tauern tunnel, 1999), France/Italy (Mont Blanc tunnel, 1999) and Great Britain/France (Channel Tunnel, 1996) have made tunnel safety an area for special attention. In-depth investigations into these accidents focused on individual aspects of tunnel design and hazards. As regards ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mapping the impacts of natural hazards and technological accidents in Europe

     Europe is experiencing an increasing number and impact of disasters due to natural hazards and technological accidents caused by a combination of changes in its physical, technological and human/ social systems. This report discusses the occurrence and impacts of disasters and the underlying hazards in Europe for the period 1998–2009. It is an update on and extension of the 2004 EEA ...

  • The Skikda LNG accident: losses, lessons learned and safety climate assessment

    The Skikda LNG accident was the worst petrochemical plant fire in Algeria, in which 27 employees died, 56 injured and cost $900 million. The accident was caused by several reasons: poor maintenance and poor general condition of unit 40, the site distribution of different units which caused domino effect and there is no perfect prevention, communication system on safety. The paper summarised the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Quantification of the number of injured people due to hazardous material accidents

    Accidents with hazardous materials may threaten the lives of people living in the direct environment of the transportation infrastructure. In many countries, fire brigades play a major role in advising the authorities when they are dealing with issues where hazardous materials are involved. Since emergency responders have to deal with injured persons, information concerning the number of injured ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergency management and decision making on accident scenes: taxonomy, models and future research

    An effective emergency management is often connected with the goals achieved in the response activities. However, it is not clear as to which subsequent factors contribute to whether the emergency management should be regarded as a success or not. One factor, the on-scene commanding structure, and the on-scene commander in particular, plays an important role in fighting emerging crises. Dynamic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • U.S. Forest Service assures safety compliance nationwide and streamlines accident reporting

    The United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service (USDA-FS) is responsible for managing 193 million acres of America's national forests and grasslands across the United States. The agency has more than 30,000 full-time employees and a large temporary workforce. Many of the agency's employees work hazardous jobs such as fire fighting, forestry, managing avalanches and securing abandoned ...


    By IHS

  • Fire prevention measures in gas fired boiler’s operation

    Gas fired boiler is a kind of industrial boiler using natural or coal gas as fuel,its fuel is risky,especially,fire leakage in the operation is easy to ...


  • Use of analytic hierarchy process and fire dynamics simulator to assess the fire protection systems in a tunnel on fire

    The road and rail tunnels are increasing in number. Corresponding to this higher number of tunnels, a higher number of accidents related to safety problems occur. The safety of road and rail tunnels is mostly related to fire safety. Our purpose in this paper is to present a new integrated approach to the analysis of fire safety in tunnels. Using different techniques from the decision support ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tunnel fire smoke modelling for emergency management

    The current paper describes the investigation of parameters related to accidents in tunnels in the framework of the "Advanced Training System for Emergency Management" project, A-TEAM. On this basis, the flow field is investigated within tunnels, and its effects on fire development and smoke concentration fields for these emergency cases are reconstructed. This is achieved with the use ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The New Cold War - Canada fires the first shot

    'We know from over a century of northern resource exploration that there is gas in the Beaufort, oil in the Eastern Arctic, and gold in the Yukon. There are diamonds in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories, and countless other precious resources buried under the ice, sea and tundra,' said Prime Minister Stephen Harper on the eve of his most recent visit to Canada’s Arctic.And in no uncertain ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Influence of accidental fire on black carbon aerosol concentrations over an urban environment

    Carbonaceous aerosols are emitted by combustion sources and may influence the climate by altering the radiation balance of the atmosphere. Carbonaceous particles exist mainly in the accumulation mode and thus may be transported over long distances. The present study deals with the impact of anthropogenic activity associated with accidental fires on the black carbon aerosol concentrations over an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Systemic approach to the integration of motorway networks into European emergency number 112

    In recent years, the world has focused on the protection of critical infrastructures, especially in the field of transportation, which is particularly critical considering traffic accidents. This paper presents the procedure for categorisation of the efficiency level of an existing motorway emergency system, as well as presenting the most important basis for the design of a new emergency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Updating process safety culture: Lessons from BP Texas refinery incident

    “That which is everybody’s business is nobody’s business” - Izaak Walton Chemical process plant safety and accident investigation has attained major strides in the past thirty years. Inquiry reports on catastrophic process plant accidents like Flixborough, Piper Alpha, Bhopal, Chernobyl revealed key areas where strengthening is needed to prevent major accidents in the ...

  • Facility siting changes for process plant buildings in the works

    Facility siting identifies hazards that may affect process plant buildings, assesses the potential consequences and leads to the development of a means to manage the risks of these hazards. In short, it is a procedure to make sure process building siting (location, construction and function) is appropriate based on the known hazards (toxic, fire andexplosion) at the facility.Past incidents at ...


    By ABS Consulting

  • The National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center modelling and decision-support system for radiological and nuclear emergency preparedness and response

    This paper describes the tools and services provided by a national centre for modelling the environmental and health impacts of airborne hazardous materials. This centre can provide emergency decision support information within minutes for a wide range of radiological, nuclear, chemical, and biological hazards from fires, industrial and transportation accidents, radiation dispersal device ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • China slowly cleaning up its act

    China’s coal-driven economy has become the largest emitter of CO2 in the world. This is not about to change any time soon, though high prices, blackouts, mine-accidents and pollution all contribute to a drive towards cleaner alternatives, including cleaner coal technologies. In Shanxi province, in the north of China, coal is so abundant that in large areas it covers the surface of the ground. The ...

  • BP Greater Plutonio FPSO case study

    MICROPACK'S experience extends to supplying Fire and Gas Engineers to the worlds largest oil and gas operators, who then provide 24 hour on-site support on these safety critical F&G systems. One such site where MICROPACK's expertise is utilised, is the BP Greater Plutonio FPSO, sited in block 18, offshore Angola. MICROPACK have two Fire and Gas Engineers, IRATA trained (Rope Access) ...

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