fire evacuation Articles

  • Spatial Layout Planning in Sub-Surface Rail Station Design for Effective Fire Evacuation

    Spatial layout planning is an important part of the underground railway station design process, taking into account its need-driven nature and the resulting infrastructure that is sized on demand. The predicted passenger flow rates are the underlining factor and are divided into 'levels of service' for space planning considerations. This paper reports on the development of a knowledge-based ...

  • The wildland fire threat

    The threat of wildfire is a major concern to more and more homeowners as construction of homes moves into the Wildland Urban Interface. Periods of drought are frightening times for residents of suburban and rural areas across the country, including the Northwest, the West, and the Rocky Mountain states as well as the Southeast. For those of us who live near natural areas of brush or forest, the ...


  • Fire risk to a local shopping mall

    This paper addresses the safety aspects of local shopping malls. There are concerns about occupant density, high fire load and inadequate fire safety provisions such as passive building design, active fire protection and fire safety management. Therefore, a preliminary study on such a shopping mall was carried out in order to understand the potential fire hazard. A site survey was carried out to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gas analysers support management of Swindon fire

    The capability to convene a multi-agency Air Quality Cell (AQC) was established in England in 2009 following the Buncefield Oil Storage Depot incident. A review of this event identified the need to rapidly co-ordinate the acquisition, analysis and interpretation of air quality data in major incidents. Arrangements have been made in England to bring together experts from the Environment Agency ...


    By Quantitech Ltd

  • FTIR gas analyzers support management of fire at UK waste facility

    The capability to convene a multi-agency Air Quality Cell (AQC) was established in England in 2009 following the Buncefield Oil Storage Depot incident. A review of this event identified the need to rapidly co-ordinate the acquisition, analysis and interpretation of air quality data in major incidents.  Arrangements have been made in England to bring together experts from the Environment ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Environmental factors that influence wildfire protective–action recommendations

    Each year wildfire incident commanders (ICs) manage thousands of events throughout the USA that often threaten life and property. In this task they make important decisions to protect both firefighters and citizens, usually under time pressure and uncertainty. Many environmental factors affect the choice and timing of the most effective protective–action in this context (e.g., evacuate, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • BP Sangachal terminal case study

    One of the world’s largest integrated oil and gas processing terminals. Located 55km south of Baku, the Sangachal Terminal is a vital link in Azerbaijan’s oil and gas industry. An oil and gas terminal that receives, processes, stores and exports crude oil and gas produced from the Azerbaijan's offshore oilfields in the Caspian Sea. Treated crude oil and gas at the terminal ...

  • Building code modifications for enhanced resiliency

    Enhanced resilience should be a key component for buildings located in disaster prone areas to minimise negative environmental impacts, and facilitate security and community continuity. The primary emphasis of current building codes is to provide minimum levels of life safety. Thus, for hurricanes, floods, storm surges, wildland fires and other events where evacuation can be managed in a timely ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Don’t Risk Your Life Going Up in Smoke

    What you need to know about smoke alarms Fire is an inescapable risk in both the home and workplace, with electrical products, heating and gas all presenting the possibility of an accidental blaze under the wrong circumstances. Preventing fires altogether with effective precautions is always preferable, but regardless at least one smoke alarm/detector – or mains powered ...


    By SHEilds Ltd

  • Living Smart in the Autumn

    Are You Ready for a Hurricane? The National Hurricane Center warns that the worst hurricane tragedies throughout history have been marked by a lack of education and preparedness. Reduce your risk of danger in a storm by following these hurricane safety tips: Know the risk of hurricanes in your area, and make plans accordingly. Work ...


    By SafetySmart

  • An EHS Checklist for Low-Risk Technology Facilities

    For environment, health and safety (EHS) managers at technology companies, identifying, assessing and prioritizing potential risks in a lower-risk environment - from offices to call centers - is part of the job. And when it comes to EHS programs, compliance is just the start. The following EHS checklist can serve as an assessment guide for EHS managers of low-risk ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Paris Attacks: Is Your Workplace Prepared for an Act of Terrorism?

    The risk of terrorist attacks is something that every employer—at a minimum—should consider and, if necessary, prepare for in its emergency response planning. The recent attacks at the soccer stadium and concert hall in Paris, France, while shocking in their brutality, were not inconceivable, given that public venues where large groups gather are logical targets. ...


    By SafetySmart

  • 3 Things Overheard at the 2016 Petroleum Safety Conference

    Last week, the ENFORM Petroleum Safety Conference (PSC) brought oil and gas safety professionals together once again to connect with each other in beautiful Banff. Held once a year, the conference draws hundreds of participants and vendors with one purpose in mind: honoring the moral – and legal – obligation of ensuring employee safety in the oil ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • PureAire Combines Oxygen and CO2 Sensors to provide a Dual Gas Monitor to the Marketplace

    As a recognized leader in O2 safety monitoring, PureAire recently explored the need for an O2 monitor where carbon dioxide is used. There are four key cryogenic gases; nitrogen, helium, argon, and carbon dioxide (CO2), which can create an oxygen deficient atmosphere. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) covering cryogenic gases cite that a cryogenic leak can create an unsafe ...

  • 5 Reasons to Perform a Consequence Modeling Analysis for Your Facility

    The potential for accidental release of toxic chemicals to the environment is a daily threat for many industrial facilities and plants. These releases can occur very suddenly and unexpectedly, putting employees and the public at risk of injury or death, and the surrounding environment at risk of damage or destruction. A consequence modeling analysis is a powerful tool (and sometimes a regulatory ...

  • Managing compliance: Understanding the basics of chemical emergency response management

    A stellar record of safety and compliance in demanding fields such as chemical emergency response is not easily obtained or managed. Successful programs are strategically developed, well defined, data-driven, process oriented, tactically deployed, implemented at all levels of the organization, well funded, routinely audited and revised and facilitated by experienced and dedicated professionals. ...


    By 3E Company

  • The Path to Safety for Pharmaceutical and Laboratories: Why O2 Deficiency Monitors May be Required?

    To safeguard against gas leaks in pharmaceutical industries and laboratories, businesses are turning to oxygen deficiency monitors. Learn when, where, and why an oxygen monitor or O2 monitor may be required.  Oxygen Monitors in Medical and Pharmaceutical Settings In the hospital setting, nitrogen gas is ...

  • Air Separation Plants and the Use of Oxygen Monitors

    Air separation plants are critical for many different industries, from clean energy to manufacturing. Nowadays, cryogenic is the most common type of distillation used to separate air into its component gases - nitrogen, oxygen, and inert gases including helium and argon. If your industry relies on air separation for product development or manufacturing, then knowing how the process works is ...

  • 12,000 U.S. schools are within a mile of a hazardous chemical facility. What should we do about that?

    In the absence of a federal U.S. policy for schools located near potentially dangerous sites, community activists search for safer solutions. On April 17, 2013, an explosion and fire at the West Fertilizer Company plant in West, Texas, killed 15 people and injured hundreds. It also destroyed more than 150 buildings around the plant. Among these were the West Intermediate School for 4th and ...


    By Ensia

  • Thrive on Sharing knowledge with your EHS Peers – a place for corporate minds is here

    Exactly one year ago, nearly 500 corporate EHS professionals tuned into Enhesa’s webinar “Going Beyond Corporate Standards to Ensure Compliance.” Its popularity was not unexpected but few on our team could have predicted the response received. Over the last 30 years, there has been a marked evolution in the way multinational organizations compile and implement their corporate ...

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