fire research Articles

  • Experimental Research on the Spatial Distribution of Toxic Gases in the Transport of Fire Smoke

    Current assessment models and experimental tests on gas toxicities in a fire hazard are mainly based on the hypothesis that uniform smoke and gas layers exist in the compartment. This study, through experiments conducted in a reduced-scale compartment—corridor model, examines the assumption and explores the characteristics of spatial distribution of toxic gases in smoke transport from a fire ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • FTSE4 Good Under Fire

    The choice of constituents for the FTSE4Good family of equity indexes has puzzled many managers of socially responsible investment funds. But an early review of the list and a commitment to refine the selection process may placate some of the critics, says Graham Cooper. The composition of the FTSE4Good family of equity indexes – revealed on 10 July – has run into criticism from many fund ...


  • Fire prevention strategies, storm cleanup

    WHEN IT comes to the importance of clearing dead and diseased trees as a fire prevention step, Wayne Williams of San Diego County, California is living (and breathing) it. “I was walking around the fire zone, and where residents had cleared spaces around their homes, the house was usually saved,” says Williams. “Houses without a firebreak, or on a ridge (where fire can leap out of a canyon), were ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Perils and pleasures of multidisciplinary research

    Over the past two decades various prestigious scientific and engineering organizations have touted the need for multidisciplinary research. Deans and department chairs often see multidisciplinary research as a potential pot of gold, and encourage faculty to follow the rainbow. Senior professors join in, seeking Enlightenment in their waning years, and young professors jump on board ...


    By Springer

  • Leading causes of fire emergencies managed by Rescue 1122

    Research study on Leading causes of fire emergencies managed by Rescue ...


    By Rescue 1122

  • Performance Comparison of Zone Models with Compartment Fire Tests

    Prediction accuracy of zone models is attributed to the sophistication of the mathematical model, as well as the numerical methods applied in their implementation. Well-known zone models CFAST and OZone have gained world-wide acceptance among the fire engineering community in predicting enclosure fire dynamics. Despite these models serving similar purpose, the level of accuracy and applicability ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Dangers of nanotechnology: potential fire concerns and safety frameworks

    The benefits of engineering of functional systems at the nanometre-scale as one of the key technologies of the 21st century almost always imply grave risks. The increasing speed of nanotechnology commercialisation and development has apparently outstripped the study of health and safety data. A potential hazard of nanopowders that appears to have received little attention so far is their ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Swedish solution for high-rise building fires

    Swedish fire fighting nozzle specialists, Unifire AB, have developed what may very well usher in a new era in fire fighting: a fully automatic fire detection and extinguishing system, called FlameRanger. The system, according to Unifire, is capable of detecting and extinguishing a fire in seconds of its breaking out, with minimal use of water, and without any human intervention required. Unifire ...


    By Unifire AB

  • Fire Codes: A Foundation of Safety for a Rapidly Changing World

    Chief among these safety features is fire protection. There are myriad codes and regulations relating to fire safety in commercial buildings, from standards on portable fire extinguishers to the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection — the U.S.- based National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) alone has more than 300 consensus codes that have been adopted in whole or in part ...

  • ADMS 5 Buildings Validation Warehouse Fires Wind Tunnel Experiments

    1 Introduction In 1996. results from the CERC Atmospheric Dispersion Model. ADMS 2 were validated against experimental wind tunnel data of dispersion from chemical warehouse fires [1]. The original experimental data used to validate the model were presented in a Building Research Establishment Client Report [2]. Here, results from ADMS 5.0 (version 5.0.0.0) are validated against these ...

  • Application of geographical information systems and FARSITE in fire spread modelling

    Wildfires are a perennial problem in the Northwest of USA. Wallowa Whitman National Forest fires are quite frequent as a result forest completes between 10,000 and 15,000 acres of burning in a year. According to research, it was reported that the study area experienced fires from 1970 to 2006 with total burning of 149 fires and total burnt area of 7,583 hectares per year which observed to be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A novel approach for modelling of NOx emission reduction in a tangentially fired coal boiler

    In this research paper, predictive modelling of NOx emission of a 210 MW capacity pulverised coal–fired boiler and combustion parameter optimisation to reduce NOx emission in flue gas is proposed. The effects of oxygen concentration in flue gas, coal properties, coal flow, boiler load, air distribution scheme, flue gas outlet temperature and nozzle tilt were studied. The data collected from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimus® Fired Up for Rocket Noise Testing Project - Case Study

    Airborne Engineering Limited (AEL) specialises in measurement, testing and research; particularly of advanced rocket propulsion systems. One of AEL’s principle services is carrying out static tests of rocket engines for other aerospace companies. AEL is based at Westcott Venture Park, formerly the Rocket Propulsion Establishment, and operates two test bunkers, purpose built in 1949 for ...


    By Cirrus Research plc

  • These fires are huge, hidden and harmful. What can we do?

    Smoldering peat gives off massive quantities of carbon dioxide and other pollutants, but the search for solutions is on. As forest fires devastated Fort McMurray, Alberta, last month, a different sort of fire may have started beneath the ground. Peat, a carbon-rich soil created from partially decomposed, waterlogged vegetation accumulated over several millennia and the stuff ...


    By Ensia

  • Case study - SP, Technical Research Institute of Sweden

    Customer: SP, Technical Research Institute of Sweden Project: WetESP for Fire Laboratory Many fire tests are made in full scale. Example for fire tests can be engine rooms, vehicles, store houses, compartments etc. Most of the tests will include ignite phase, full fire and extinguishing. The ignite phase is sooting, full fire will give high temperatures ...


    By Envibat AB

  • Ignition: A Century of Research and an Assessment of Our Current Status

    Ignition has been systematically, scientifically studied for about a century now. But the development of knowledge in this area has been uneven, and while an advanced understanding has been reached in some areas, knowledge is scant in others. A review of the literature of the field indicates that the following are some of the notable areas where engineering calculation methods are poor or ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Chemical Air Pollution in the Clinical Research Environment

    There has been a revolution in awareness of chemical air pollution in research laboratories. I could tell you several 'horror stories' of casual exposure to mercury vapour, benzene and chromic acid (the ultimate glassware cleaning agent) among innocent biomedical PhD students (including myself) in the 1970s. But researchers in hospitals, and other laboratories can never afford to be complacent ...


    By Commercial Air Filtration

  • Environmental Sensing and Monitoring Market Global Research 2018

    Environmental sensors are devices that detect the changes that take place in the environment such as change in humidity and temperature. Rapid population growth, industrialization, and agricultural activities have led to the deterioration of air, soil, and water quality levels over the decades, thereby affecting the biological life and ecosystem. Environmental sensing and monitoring ...


  • The Rationale for Accelerating Regionally Focused Climate Intervention Research

    Abstract Ten years ago, Paul Crutzen asked whether the time had come to consider undertaking research into intentionally intervening in the climate system so that it might be considered a policy option comparable to reducing emissions for limiting human-induced climate change. Crutzen’s article pointed out how little progress had been made in reducing emissions and suggested that ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Global coal risk assessment: Data Analysis and Market Research

    Coal-fired power plants are a major source of greenhouse gas emissions—one that could be increasing significantly globally. This working paper analyzes information about proposed new coal-fired plants and other market trends in order to assess potential future risks to the global climate. Key Findings According to IEA estimates, global coal consumption reached 7,238 million tonnes in ...

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