fixed-film wastewater treatment Articles

  • Introducting a New Media for Fixed-Film Treatment in Decentralized Wastewater Systems

    ABSTRACTBoth naturally occurring and artificial media have been used to treat wastewater in small community settings. Systems using naturally occurring media include sand filters and peatbased biofilters. Artificial media include open cell foam, textiles, and plastics. All the above operate as fixed-film systems, in that attached growth microorganisms are encouraged to colonize and reproduce in ...

  • Effect of the pH influent conditions in fixed-film reactors for anaerobic thermophilic treatment of wine-distillery wastewater

    ABSTRACTIn anaerobic treatments, the pH conditions affect the efficacy and operation of the process. The main purpose of this research is to compare the effect of the pH influent on the performance of a high rate technology at laboratory scale, upflow anaerobic fixed-film reactor, treating distillery wastewater (wine vinasses) in thermophilic conditions. The results obtained shown that the pH ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

    An application used worldwide, now growing in US to address the needs of small communities and developments Conventional sewer operations managed by small communities provide centralized treatment of wastewater of which residents are accustomed. But the expense of operating these systems as they expand with miles and miles of sewer lines is staggering. Expanding sewer line infrastructure, ...


    By BIOMICROBICS, Inc.

  • Wastewater Treatment Process

    The wastewater treatment process is complex and critical to civilization. In simplest terms, wastewater is water that has been mixed with waste matter. Wastewater can be classified as domestic, municipal, or industrial based upon the source of generation. For instance, domestic wastewater comes from everyday liquid waste, including water used to flush the toilet, to shower, or to wash dishes. ...


    By Brentwood Industries, Inc.

  • Intrinsic kinetics for fixed bed bioreactor in hospital wastewater treatment

    Variation in hospital wastewater (HWW) pollutants and differences with municipal wastewater (MWW), make the use of biokinetic coefficients obtained from activated sludge in the MWW treatment unprofitable for designing, modeling and evaluation of biological processes for HWW treatment. Since this study was conducted to evaluate the performance and biokinetic coefficients of a fixed bed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A pilot-scale study on PVA gel beads based integrated fixed film activated sludge (IFAS) plant for municipal wastewater treatment

    In the present study, a pilot-scale reactor incorporating polyvinyl alcohol gel beads as biomass carrier and operating in biological activated sludge mode (a combination of moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) and activated sludge) was investigated for the treatment of actual municipal wastewater. The results, during a monitoring period of 4 months, showed effective removal of chemical oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater Treatment Basics

    Wastewater Treatment Basics A Refresher on The Basic Wastewater Treatment Steps... All wastewater treatment follows the same basic premise, water used in manufacturing, ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • The relationship between BOD:N ratio and wastewater treatability in a nitrogen-fixing wastewater treatment system

    A BOD:N:P ratio of 100:5:1 is often used as a benchmark for nutrient addition in nutrient limited wastewaters. The impact of varying nitrogen levels, whilst maintaining phosphorus constant, was studied in a simulated aerated lagoon (BOD:N of 100:0; 100:1.3; 100:1.8; 100:2.7 and 100:4.9). A synthetic wastewater was prepared using methanol, glucose and acetate as the combined carbon source, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of winery wastewater in a full-scale fixed bed biofilm reactor

    ABSTRACTThe treatment of winery wastewater was performed at full-scale applying a two-stage fixed bed biofilm reactor (FBBR) system for the discharge in the sewerage. The results of the first year of operation at the full-scale plant are presented. Values of removed organic loads and effluent concentrations were interpreted on the basis of the COD fractionation of influent wastewater assessed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a fixed-bed biofilm reactor with microbubble aeration in aerobic wastewater treatment

    Microbubble aeration is supposed to be highly efficient for oxygen supply in aerobic wastewater treatment. In the present study, the performance of a fixed-bed biofilm reactor microbubble-aerated using a Shirasu porous glass (SPG) membrane system was investigated when treating synthetic municipal wastewater. The biofilm formation on the carriers was enhanced with microbubble aeration due to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of wastewaters contaminated with zinc ions using natural zeolite as adsorbent in a fixed bed column

    The potential of natural zeolite as a low-cost adsorbent was investigated for the removal of zinc from aqueous solution using a continuous fixed bed column. The zeolite tested was taken from the same source (Jabal Uniza in south Jordan) and subjected to crushing and sieving only, without any treatment. The two samples tested are UNZ1 (0.42–0.841 mm) and UNZ2 (0.21–0.42 mm). The Thomas model ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Submerged Fixed Film: Top 5 Considerations for Evaluating Different Systems

    Submerged fixed-film systems are ideal for significantly increasing nitrification in existing wastewater treatment plants. A well-designed and operated system can double the nitrification capacity of an existing aeration basin. ...


    By Brentwood Industries, Inc.

  • Town of Manhattan Wastewater Treatment Plant

    The Manhattan treatment plant is a 400,000 GPD plant in two trains, containing six 24 x 5.0 Bio-WheelTM. It is able to nitrify and denitrify, with two anoxic basins ahead of the aeration basins. Two conventional flight and scraper clarifiers are used. Three Penn Valley RA S/MLSS pumps are located in a separate pump room. The plant is designed for a future expansion to 0.8 MGD. At this time the ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Wastewater Treatment Municipality Of Saint-Claude

    In Quebec, the municipalities must make sure that their rejections of sewerachieve the goals applied to the receiving medium. The Rotating BiologicalReactor (RBR), developed by the biological processes division of H2OInnovation, showed its effectiveness during more than one year testingproject, which contribute to the obtaining of the Standard Technology (CF-1) certification allowed by the Quebec ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Biological wastewater treatment Dalian, China

    To manage the demands set for the plant, a biological treatment with fixed bed was chosen. The water first undergoes pre-treatment by screening and grit/grease removal. Primary sedimentation is done in 4 tanks with lamellar sedimentation.   The first step in the biological treatment consists of BOD, COD and SS ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Water and wastewater treatment for Solar industry

    Solar cells arc manufactured in a complex process thai requires enormous know-how. The objective is to produce panels with a high level of efficiency at low cost. To achieve this, different production processes are used. A fundamental distinction is made between solar cells on the basis of silicon wafers and thin-film cells, in which a special process is used to apply the photovoltaic layer onto ...


    By EnviroChemie GmbH

  • From Wastewater Treatment to Sweet Pineapples

    In wastewater treatment, ammonia that is removed from sewage used to be discharged directly to the atmosphere. Nowadays, studies have identified that ammonia emissions are of major concern to air quality. This has led to a new way of thinking. Sulzer offers modern closed-air-loop systems for wastewater treatment that transform ammonia into a common soil fertilizer. This reuse of a waste product ...


    By Sulzer Ltd.

  • Modeling Fixed Film Processes: Practical Considerations and Current Limitations from a Consulting Viewpoint

    ABSTRACT Fixed film technologies such as integrated fixed film activated sludge (IFAS), moving bed bioreactors (MBBR), biological aerated filters (BAF) and denitrification filters are gaining popularity in the United States for a number of reasons. As a result, there is a renewed desire to model these processes, particularly for consulting engineers interested in designing these processes. ...

  • Questions and Answers About Integrated Fixed-Film/Activated Sludge (IFAS) in a BNR Pilot Plant

    Integrated Fixed-film/Activated Sludge (IFAS) is an increasingly popular technology that promises to greatly improve the performance of activated sludge wastewater treatment systems.  However, many questions remain about the fundamental behaviors and performance of these hybrid systems. Their future development will require a better understanding of the biokinetic behaviors and distribution of ...

  • Winery and distillery wastewater treatment by anaerobic digestion

    ABSTRACTAnaerobic digestion is widely used for wastewater treatment, especially in the food industries. Generally after the anaerobic treatment there is an aerobic post-treatment in order to return the treated water to nature. Several technologies are applied for winery wastewater treatment. They are using free cells or flocs (anaerobic contact digesters, anaerobic sequencing batch reactors and ...


    By IWA Publishing

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