flammability analyzer Articles

  • Aluminum Recycling

    The Customer The Company is one of the largest producers of aluminum. They conduct business worldwide and serve the aerospace, automotive, building, construction, commercial transportation, consumer electronics, oil & gas, packaging and industrial products & services markets. Aluminum is infinitely recyclable and 75% of all aluminum ever produced is still in use today. ...

  • Coil Coating Case History

    The Customer The Company manufactures metal roofing and gutter systems for the commercial and residential housing industry. The Process Bare coils of recycled steel and aluminum are uncoiled from a roll. The metal is chemically cleaned, treated and rinsed to prepare the surface for optimum coating adhesion and corrosion protection. The coil then enters a ...

  • Energy Savings Case History

    The Customer The Company is a worldwide supplier of thousands of innovative and reliable products to dozens of diverse markets—from automotive to healthcare to renewable energy to electronics. Products include tapes, adhesives, abrasives, films, reflective materials, filtration systems and an array of other products that keep homes clean, offices organized and buildings ...

  • Solar Panels

    The Customer The Company is a worldwide developer, manufacturer, and distributor of solar electricity panels. The Process The Company uses a multiple zone conventional printing dryer for thin-film deposition onto solar cells. A special foil substrate is passed through rollers that transfer a proprietary ink formulation and epoxy adhesive ...

  • Solvent choices for infrared testing of oil and grease in water

    Water is a very strong absorber in the mi d infrared (I R) regio n where o il is measured. We see the effect of infrared absorbance when a cold bucket of water left in the sun is quite warm by afternoon due to the absorption of infrared energy as heat. When measuring part per million (ppm) oil levels with mid IR, the water absorbs so much of the infrared energy that the signal becomes saturated ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Synergism of GUP and Boric Acid Characterized by Cone Calorimetry and Thermogravimetry

    Wood is treated with a new composite flame retardant, whose components guanyl urea phosphate (GUP) and boric acid (BA) impart flame retardance. The flame retarding behavior of these samples is measured by cone calorimeter. The thermal behavior of samples has been studied by differential thermogravimetry (DTG) and thermogravimetry (TG) in air. The activation energies for different stages of ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Continuous measurement of Process oxygen for Claus sulfur recovery unit (sru) start-ups and shut-downs case study

    During start-up and shut-down, any time a sulfur recovery unit (SRU) transitions from ambient temperature through fuel gas warm up to the introduction of acid gas, measurement of 02 stoichiometry is critical. Historically, operators have manually taken samples using a portable electrochemical type Os analyzer. While giving more or less satisfactory results, the requirement for more stringent ...

  • Developing Technologies to Detect Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Gas

    Abstract Hydrogen sulfi de (H2S) gas can cause nausea, headaches, unconsciousness, and death. Industries struggle to detect this deadly substance before it harms workers or communities. Safety system manufacturers have developed detectors that sense the H2S quickly and accurately. This paper illustrates, in general terms, considerations in effective placement of H2S detectors: ...

  • New White Paper features Solvents for Oil and Grease in Water Measurements

    A White Paper entitled, “Solvent Choices for Infrared Testing of Oil and Grease in Water” was recently published by Wilks Enterprise, Inc.  Infrared (IR) analysis is widely used worldwide for determining the amount of oil and grease in water as it is a cost-effective measurement technique that can be easily done on-site or in a laboratory.  Since water is a strong absorber ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Advances in flashpoint testing: economic impact

    Flashpoint testing is one of the oldest methods of the ASTM D02 Committee on Petroleum Products and Lubricants, which was formed in 1904. The most prevalent standards are ASTM D56 (Tag Method), D92 (Cleveland Method), and D93 (Pensky-Martens Method). These classical techniques, commonly referred to as open-cup and closedcup methods, share a common principle: A test flame is lowered into the ...

  • Reducing the risk of dust explosion hazards

    In the wake of recent tragic and highly publicized dust explosions, companies are asking, 'Could that happen here?' and 'What can I do to prevent such an incident at my facility?' One approach is to manage dust explosion hazards as though they were subject to OSHA’s Process Safety Management (PSM) requirements (29 CFR 1910.119), even though dust hazards often are not covered under this ...


    By ABS Consulting

  • Not All Hazards are the Same: Design considerations for matching flame and gas hazards to detector technologies

    Not all flame and gas hazards in facilities are the same, therefore the detection technology chosen should be specific to the type of hazard to be detected. How do users select technologies to see certain fires or detect certain gases? The intent of this paper is to give a broad introduction to the selection and use of flame and gas detector technologies. We will answer questions such as these: ...

  • Energy Savings on Process Heating Units Case History

    The Customer This specialty chemical company is a leading supplier of performance polymers. Their products are used in a wide range of applications including adhesives, coatings, consumer and personal care products, sealants, lubricants, medical, packaging, automotive, paving, roofing and footwear products. The Project The company was increasing the ...

  • Upgrading from Pellistor Gas Sensors to Infrared Technology

    In this article Andy Avenell, Crowcon’s Fixed Systems Product Manager, considers the shift towards infrared (IR) gas sensor technology in the oil and gas industry. Abstract Flammable gases and vapours can present considerable dangers in many industrial applications, none more so than the processes involved in extracting, transporting and processing oil and gas. Fast and reliable ...

  • Selecting and Placing Gas Detectors for Maximum Application Protection

    Many industrial processes involve dangerous gases and vapors: flammable, toxic, or both. With the different sensing technologies available, and the wide range of industrial applications that exist, selecting the best sensor and locating them properly for the job at hand can be a challenge. To ensure a high level of safety, know the latest sensing technologies, which technology is best for the ...

  • Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals

    In response to pressing issues facing the new Department of Homeland Security, over 15,000 chemical and industrial plants may have to evaluate their vulnerability to terrorist attack and improve countermeasures at their facilities. Federal lawmakers are considering two bills requiring facilities to submit site security plans: the Chemical Security Act (Senate Bill S. 157, reintroduced in January, ...


    By AECOM

  • Responding to audit surprises

    An audit is a systematic and documented investigation to determine if prescribed processes are functioning as intended. We audit to find out whether processes are working properly, where they are not working properly, and how to address identified gaps. No matter how diligent the staff is in following procedures, there are nearly always revelations indicating needed corrections and opportunities ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • These fires are huge, hidden and harmful. What can we do?

    Smoldering peat gives off massive quantities of carbon dioxide and other pollutants, but the search for solutions is on. As forest fires devastated Fort McMurray, Alberta, last month, a different sort of fire may have started beneath the ground. Peat, a carbon-rich soil created from partially decomposed, waterlogged vegetation accumulated over several millennia and the stuff ...


    By Ensia

  • Fire and Gas Protection Systems as Part of Safety Instrumented Systems and Risk Management

    Garth Watkins, Director Europe, Middle East, Africa, Detector Electronics Corporation, Presented at HazardEx International Conference 2008 Process-systems operators today face increasing demands for lower costs and higher safety standards in an increasingly regulated environment. In addition, companies desire to provide a working environment that is as safe as possible. As a result, plant owners ...

  • Managing compliance: Going beyond ‘Be Prepared’

    The recent earthquake and subsequent tsunami in Japan have prompted companies around the globe to re-examine their emergency response strategies. While some companies have comprehensive emergency response strategies in place, others just now are taking the steps necessary to review possible threats, analyze potential impacts and create expanded versions of their existing plans. If a company ...


    By 3E Company

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