flaring Articles

  • Modelling industrial flares impacts

    This document introduces a new software to estimate the atmospheric impact of industrial flares. The software allows to design stacks with correct height and diameter in order to minimise risks for workers and nearby structures. It also allows to estimate the thermal impact and acoustic impact of existing or future flares. Flame tilting due to the wind speed can be modelled with a simple ...


    By Enviroware s.r.l.

  • Performance of the low-emission flare

    Job report / Elbisgraben (Bale / Switzerland) The summer of 1992 had finally arrived. The 5MW low emission furnace in the district heating station Liestal was ignited, supplied with landfill gas from Elbisgraben landfill. Since then the plant has been running continuously and the comprehensive measurements taken, verify that all targets aimed at have been achieved: plant ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • EPA Eyes Flare Operations

    Control of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in the natural gas and petrochemical industries is going to be more complex than ever in the wake of a recent EPA settlement with a major oil company focused on flare operations. The implications of the this settlement and the VOC emissions study are sure to be far-reaching, likely reducing the use of flares as control devices and increasing the cost of ...

  • 1:60 Control Range with Flare

    Type     HOFGAS®- LPM 3000/2500  Performance     2,500 Nm³/h, 12,500 kW Location     Central England (GB) Initial Situation The landfill site is situated in the middle of the Sheffield region. Over time, the city limits and the landfill site have grown together. Therefore, the operator is particularly ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Greenstars portable monitoring for CHP and flares

    Greenstar’s award-winning KTK landfill site in Kilcullen, Co. Kildare, is unusual in Ireland in that it has three gas engines feeding electricity to the grid and two flares. In Ireland, while flaring is common, engines are not. The flares are run in tandem with engines so that if an engine is ramped down for repair or service, the flare ramps up automatically. All are supplied by 122 ...


    By Geotech

  • Flare minimisation via dynamic simulation

    This paper describes a project of flare minimisation during plant startup by using dynamic simulation. Dynamic simulation was developed for recovery area in an olefin plant and used to examine startup procedures: approaching shutdown; startup with recycle ethane; starting the cracked feed and increasing the feed to normal production rate. The dynamic simulation gives an insight into the process ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assist Gas Measurement in Flare Stacks

    The Customer The company manufactures solvents, polymers and intermediary chemicals. These products are sold worldwide and are used in the production of automobile interiors, steering wheels, paints, tires, adhesives, furniture, cosmetics and many other consumer and industrial products. The Process The Company’s site is large, thousands of acres, ...

  • Refinery flare gas H2S removal

    A major Gulf Coast refinery was searching for a solution to reduce flare gas SO2 that was resulting from very high H2S concentrations during periodic venting events. Original considerations were limited to very costly upstream equipment changes or a sulphur recovery unit, all costing tens of millions of dollars. Macrotek was contracted to design and build a cost-effective H2S ...


    By Macrotek Inc.

  • Development of Low noise landfill gas flare

    Summary: Increasing requirements of the environmental standards and planning permission conditions create more challenges to the equipment providers. Environment Agency guidance demands low emission levels and local planners put low noise levels in their conditions for landfill sites. Achieving both at the same time with conventional equipment was found problematic. Biogas Technology has ...


    By Biogas Technology Limited

  • DEBATE ON EPA’S USE OF HUMAN DATA FLARES AGAIN

    The longstanding debate over whether human data should be used to assess potential risk from chemical products, and in particular pesticide products, is flaring yet again. On July 26, 2005, the Conference Committee for H.R. 2361, the fiscal 2006 spending bill that includes appropriations for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Interior, and other related agencies, ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Case study - Biomass generation facility replaces flare

    A southeast-based Biomass Generation facility was interested in improving their current process to meet California’s increasingly stringent air emission requirements. At the time, a flare was being used to oxidize the off-gases from various production processes and storage containers. Catalytic Products International developed a solution that utilized the capabilities of the VECTOR ...

  • Greenstars portable monitoring for CHP and flares case study

    Greenstar's award-winning KTK landfill site in Kilcullen, Co. Kildare, is unusual in Ireland in that it has three gas engines feeding electricity to the grid and two flares. In Ireland, while flaring is common, engines are not. The flares are run in tandem with engines so that if an engine is ramped down for repair or service, the flare ramps up automatically. All are supplied by 122 landfill gas ...


    By Geotech

  • Hofstetter high temperature flares in Brazil (CO2 certificates)

    Type      HOFGAS®- Efficiency 2500 (2x)  Commissioning      2003 Site      Bandeirantes(Saõ Paulo, BR)    Situation The landfill of Saõ Paulo, the largest city in South America, extends over 140 ha. For a period of 4 more years several thousands tons of waste will be deposited. The power ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Indonesia Burning: Forest fires flare to alarming levels

    Fires were ablaze once more on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, reaching levels almost as high as those of June 2013, when neighboring Singapore and Malaysia were smothered by record-breaking smog and haze. NASA satellites registered a total of 734 high-confidence fire alerts in Sumatra’s provinces for the period August 22-27. Fire alert numbers declined significantly August 28-29. WRI ...

  • Flare Operations Changes Come From Study Findings

    EPA announced that it had reached a settlement agreement with Marathon Petroleum Company (Marathon) regarding allegations of Clean Air Act violations at Marathon’s Texas City and Detroit refineries. EPA developed the evidence by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) showing that several of Marathon’s flares were not controlling VOC emissions sufficiently, ...

  • 5000Nm3/h HT Flares in Sao João, Brazil

    Type      HOFGAS®-Efficiency 5000 Performance     3x 5,000 Nm3/h, 75,000 KW Location     Sao João (BR) Technical requirements Surplus combustion of 15,000 Nm3/h landfill gasCompliance with the UNFCCC regulationsHigh temperature combustion at 1,000-1,200°CHolding time ≥ ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Stacking up: flare Monitoring from LumaSense

    Lenny Shaver, LumaSense Technologies’ director of product management, explains the company’s IR and pyrometer technologies FLARING systems are common in many industries to burn gases before they enter the atmosphere. The safe operation of a flaring system requires the continuous monitoring of pilot flames and flared gases to ensure that vented gases are ignited. As ...

  • Pollution reduction from flares by swirl vanes in a cross-flow

    The effect of swirl on the performance of a flare stack was experimentally investigated as a passive control technique for combustion in a cross-flow. The burner comprised a circular fuel nozzle with a co-annular airflow, swirled by a concentric vane swirler, with a crosswind of air at the flare tip. It was found that the flames issuing from swirl-vane flare tip were shorter and had wider flame ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gas flaring in developing countries – need for kyoto mechanisms or sectoral crediting mechanisms?

    Gas flaring is a phenomenon that is wasteful in terms of valuable resources as well as a contributor to global GHG emissions, and occurs mostly in developing countries. It can only be mitigated through long-term and strategic investments, involving a myriad of stakeholders. A crediting mechanism could be seen as a starting point to create incentives for both private and public parties to build ...

  • Case study - ABUTEC’s medium temperature flare burns canning plant biogas

    A Northumberland, Pa.-based canning plant recently contacted ABUTEC, through ADI System Inc., for help combusting the biogases created during the canning process. During this process, foods that are being prepared for canning create biogases that are used in power generation for the local facility. Excess gases that are not used by the gensets are typically vented into atmosphere, which can ...


    By ABUTEC LLC

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