flash point testing Articles

  • What is the difference between open and closed cup flash point?

    Flash point tests are used to show the lowest temperature that a volatile substance is vapourised into a flammable gas. This is done by introducing a source of ignition, then waiting for the “flash” where the substance is ignited. There are a wide range of methods but most are available in open or closed cup formats – ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Nuclear Industry Testing of PetroZorb Application

    The article describes application of PetroZorb microporous sorbent for application to the removal and disposal of radioactive liquids in the nuclear industry.  The material removes the presence of liquid, enabling the waste to be transported as a solid, and reduces the radioactive vapors to an acceptable level. Previous to this ...


    By Safety DImensions (SDI)

  • Evaluation of thermal steam-explosion key operation factors to optimize biogas production from biological sludge

    Thermal steam-explosion is the most extended hydrolysis pretreatment to enhance anaerobic digestion of sludge. Thermal hydrolysis key parameters are temperature (T) and time (t), and the generally accepted values reported from full-scale information are: 150–230 °C and 20–60 min. This study assesses the influence of different temperature–time–flash combinations (110–180 °C, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling oil degradation in electric transformer oil under typical loads

    In testing transformer oils for durability, it is desirable to use typical transformer operating conditions with appropriate allowances for factor of safety against temperature and voltage. The kinetics of degradation of used type II transformer oil with original flash point of 148?C, pour point of 51?C, and water content of 4 ppm was investigated. Assuming that the oil temperature in models Pr01 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Methods of oil/fuel analysis

    PC GlobeCore can propose you to make a reclaiming test of yours example of fuel (oil) to verify the possibility of clean it. If the oil is contaminated and not suitable for use, filtration can be recommended. Or, you can also make this test by yourself using our laboratory/test-bench transformer oil vacuum regeneration system UVR. The regenerated samples exceeded yours expectations. Average ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • MATRIX provides paperless LIMS at Castrol case study

    Background Castrol, part of BP, is a global leader in the development and manufacture of oils and lubricants used in automobiles, motor cycles, trucks, lorries, buses and agricultural machinery, the marine industry, industrial equipment and more. The Lubricant Technology Centre at Pangbourne, Berks, UK features laboratories capable of investigating all aspects of the technical life cycle, ...


    By Autoscribe Informatics

  • Evaporator concentrates brine pond for about 1 cent per gallon

    The Facility Eagle-Picher Industries has an 8-acre hazardous waste surface impoundment pond at its Electro-Optics Division plant in Quapaw, Oklahoma. The Problem By the time Eagle-Picher contacted Aqua-Chem ICD, the impoundment pond had been in use for more than 20 years and contained more than 5 million gallons. Environmental regulation required the plant ...

  • Guide for Measuring Fuel Dilution in Lubricating Oil

    Fuel dilution in oil can cause serious engine damage. High levels of fuel (>2%) in a lubricant can result in decreased viscosity, oil degradation, loss of dispersancy, and loss of oxidation stability. Fuel dilution is one of the most important lubricant failure modes in internal combustion engines. It usually occurs due to ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Streamlining compliance

    For a chemical manufacturer seeking to become a global supplier, keeping up with numerous foreign safety regulations and requirements can be quite a challenge. MSDgen®, a compliance tool from Carlsbad, Calif.-based 3E Co., was created to streamline one important aspect of this process, the creation and distribution of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs). “The challenge that our clients are faced ...


    By 3E Company

  • ASTM’s Technical Information Resource

    All of ASTM International’s standards, papers and chapters, and books can be found, searched and subscribed to in one resource, ASTM Compass. A researcher investigates a new asphalt additive and tests with a standard from Committee C09 on Concrete and Concrete Aggregates. An ...


    By ASTM International

  • Managing compliance: Taking the heat out of fire code classification

    How are you managing the hazardous materials you use, store and produce in your facility? Do you have an accurate, up-to-date inventory of the hazardous materials and chemicals within your organization? And are all of those materials properly classified? More specifically, are these materials classified for fire code? Fire code classification long has been considered one of the more complex and ...


    By 3E Company

  • Helplessly exposed to nature? How lightning storms can be measured

    Each day, there occur about 1,000 thunderstorms with 4-10 million lightning bolts worldwide. In average, 700 people per year are hit by such light discharges, of which 75% of the hits result in long-term damages. Between three and seven cases end fatal. The risk is particularly high in the open field and is fortunately decreasing. The reason for this is that we stay more often inside in cars and ...

  • Avoiding Sewer Fires with Vapor Space Organics Monitoring

    ABSTRACTRegulation of flammable gases released from wastewater discharges is facilitated by the use of the Vapor Space Organics test method. Such regulation can reduce the risk of a flash sewer fire, resulting damage and potential injury. The updated 2003 VSO process developed by Severn Trent Laboratories produced data that was equivalent to the 1990 VSO process developed and used by the ...

  • What became of the radio amateurs’ weather station in Ravensburg?

    In November 2015, the chairman of the German Radio Amateurs Club’s (DARC) local association in Ravensburg, Germany introduced himself and explained how we helped to realize one of their dreams by sponsoring a professional WS601-UMB weather sensor. In the following article he shows us how the station has ...

  • High energy challenges

    The UK’s Central Laser Facility (CLF), part of the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), has recently developed an advanced high-powered laser, created to help research and development in the scientific community. CLF was tasked with developing a laser system for the HiLASE research facility, and Tessella (an international analytics and data science consulting services company) ...

  • Compressed Gas Safety Guide

    Use and storage of any compressed gas under high pressure can be extremely dangerous if proper gas handling procedures are not observed. Moreover, chemical characteristics of specialty gases themselves can pose serious health hazards if containment is not tightly controlled. Paying close attention to a compressed gas product’s technical and safety information is invaluable for maintaining a safe, ...

  • Greening the Built Environment

    ASTM Standards and Products Form the Foundation of Sustainable Construction Efforts Today, a major focal point for the worldwide building industry is the growing demand for sustainable construction. Sustainable, or “green,” construction is focused on the more effective use of resources and ultimately the creation of healthier, energy efficient, more environmentally ...


    By ASTM International

  • Solar`s Time to Rise and Shine.

    Photovoltaic efficiency records are being shattered, thanks to recent advances in materials science. Last month, a researcher at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., loaded a postage stamp–sized solar cell onto a tray and placed it under a high-intensity pulse solar simulator. The simulator flashed a 2.5 millisecond pulse of light, and 19 mirrors reflected the ...


    By Ensia

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