flocculant Articles

  • Evaluation of the flocculation and de-flocculation performance and mechanism of polymer flocculants

    Understanding the interaction mechanism between polymeric flocculants and solid particles in two oppositely charged solutions: bentonite and calcium fluoride, is of great practical and fundamental importance. In this work, inorganic flocculants based on aluminum(III) or iron(III); cationic, anionic and non-ionic organic flocculants were used. The solution pH, which highly influenced the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Coagulation, flocculation and agglomeration

    Agglomeration Agglomeration refers to the formation of more or less firmly bound primary particles by collision processes between primary particles, primary particles and agglomerates, as well as pre-existing agglomerates. The agglomeration consists of a destabilization and a transport process. The destabilization is divided into coagulation and flocculation. In general, both ...

  • Biodegradable flocculants: Power of `natto`

    Just by adding and stirring (1 agent, 1 process) 'PG alpha 21Ca' to polluted water, it separates supernatant water with better turbidity, BOD, and COD, and sediments in a short time. This high-molecular flocculent adsorbs strongly the exogenous incretion disturbance substance (Environmental hormone ), like dioxin. By using this high-molecular flocculent, it is possible to draw and collect ...


    By Poly Glu USA

  • What is a wastewater treatment system and how does it work?

    For industrial companies producing wastewater as part of it’s process, some type of wastewater treatment system is usually necessary to ensure safety precautions and discharge regulations are met. The most appropriate wastewater treatment system will help the facility avoid harming the environment, human health, and a facility’s process or products (especially if the wastewater ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • The feasibility of flocculation in a storage sedimentation basin

    ABSTRACTFor the Flemish situation, storage sedimentation basins are one of the best 'end-of-pipe' solutions to reduce the impact of combined sewer overflows on the receiving waters. In some cases, when the spilled pollution load is too high, the settling efficiency of the basin has to be improved. Adding coagulants could be a reasonable alternative for building larger basins. To estimate the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Coagulation and flocculation in water and wastewater treatment

    Coagulation and flocculation are an essential part of drinking water treatment as well as wastewater treatment.  This article provides an overview of the processes and looks at the latest thinking.  Material for this article was largely taken from reference (1). Coagulation and flocculation are essential processes in various disciplines. In potable water treatment, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Suitability of cationic flocculants for RO membranes performance improvement

    Abstract As it has already been published and demonstrated, one of the main causes of membranes failures is related to a poor plant pre-treatment. Data from more than 600 autopsies demonstrated that both biofilm and colloidal matter are the most common components on RO (reverse osmosis) membranes fouling, therefore, main lack on membranes pre-treatment is related to disinfection and ...

  • Preparation and application of a new composite chitosan flocculant

    A new composite chitosan flocculant has been prepared, and its optimal dosage in the treatment of sewage established. It significantly improves the removal of chemical oxygen demand, suspended solids and aluminium ions from water. Compared with the traditional flocculant polyaluminium chloride, the cost of the composite flocculant was lower and it produced less pollution.Keywords: chitosan, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The safe use of cationic flocculants with reverse osmosis membranes

    Abstract Flocculants are used in combination with coagulants to agglomerate suspended particles for removal by filtration. This technique is used extensively in all types of surface waters to reduce the silt density index (SDI) and minimise membrane fouling. Although organic cationic flocculants are particularly effective, their widespread use in membrane applications is limited ...

  • Flocculation of a lactic acid fermentation broth by gelatin

    In the current study, flocculation of a lactic acid (LA) fermentation broth with three kinds of flocculants was performed in order to reduce membrane pollution during its subsequent electrodialysis. Gelatin was selected as the most suitable flocculant in comparison with others in terms of flocculation rate (FR), suspended solid (SS) removal rate, and filtration flux of the supernatant. Optimal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Whitepaper: Chemical-physical Water Treatment, Filtration and Flocculation

    Introduction In water treatment plants chemical-physical processes play an essential part in the process chain. They are successfully employed in the pre- and post-treatment of waters of different origins, as well as of other process liquids. In this regard the removal of particles by filtration is a central step. Classical filtration processes are used for particles ranging from ...


    By EnviroChemie GmbH

  • Experimental studies on hydrophobic flocculation of coal fines in aqueous solutions and flotation of flocculated coal

    Hydrophobic flocculation of fine bituminous coal particles in aqueous solutions under mechanical conditioning and without any surfactants has been experimentally studied through the measurements of aggregative efficiency, zeta potential and contact angle in this work. The results have shown that the hydrophobic coal fines strongly aggregated in a wide pH range (3.5?9.5), even though the particle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A novel poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide)/diatomite composite flocculant with outstanding flocculation performance

    Series of anionic flocculants with outstanding flocculation performance, poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide)/diatomite composite flocculants (PAAD) were successfully prepared through aqueous solution copolymerization and applied to flocculate from oil-field fracturing waste-water. The structure of PAAD was characterized by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy , 13C nuclear magnetic resonance ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of surfactant from industrial wastewaters by coagulation flocculation process

    Surfactants are among the most widely disseminated xenobiotics that contribute significantly to the pollution profile of sewage and wastewaters of all kinds. Among the currently employed chemical unit processes in the treatment of wastewaters, coagulation-flocculation has received considerable attention for yielding high pollutant removal efficiency. Jar-test experiments are employed in order to ...

  • Color removal from industrial wastewater with a novel coagulant flocculant formulation

    Abstract: Chemically enhanced wastewater treatment is attracting substantial interest among the currently employed chemical unit processes in wastewater treatment. Coagulation-flocculation has received considerable attention for yielding high pollutant removal, especially color removal. This investigation presents a novel formulation of coagulation-flocculation for color removal from industrial ...

  • Gamma-irradiation synthesis of quaternary phosphonium cationic starch flocculants

    Quaternary phosphonium cationic starch (St-g-AM/ATPPB) flocculant was synthesized by using corn starch and acrylamide (AM), allyl triphenyl phosphonium bromide binary (ATPPB) through simultaneous gamma-irradiation. The chemical structure of the copolymer was characterized by FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy) and 1H NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) technologies. The effects of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of norovirus from water by coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes

    In this study, we determined the removal of a prototype human norovirus (Norwalk virus, NV) by bench-scale alum coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for norovirus assays. After determining optimum conditions for the coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes in terms of turbidity reduction, jar tests were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of flocculants for increasing permeate flux in anaerobic membrane bioreactors

    Biomass retention, required for high rate anaerobic wastewater treatment, can be accomplished coupling an anaerobic bioreactor with membrane filtration. However, low flux seems to be a common factor when operating anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs). Modification of biomass properties may represent a strategy for improving membrane flux. The addition of flocculants was tested as a tool for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flocculation performance of magnetic particles with high-turbidity surface water

    The sharp increase in raw-water turbidity following heavy rain presents considerable treatment problems due to low sedimentation rates. The objective of this study was to evaluate the removal of negatively charged suspended solids (SS) in surface water treatment using magnetic particles (nFeO; FeO · Fe2O3) synthesised in our laboratory. The performance of nFeO in removing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rapid inactivation of Salmonella by a quaternized biopolymeric flocculant

    We report the characteristics and biocidal properties of a biopolymeric flocculant produced by Klebsiella terrigena capable of flocculating Salmonella efficiently from water. In order to impart an antimicrobial function, the native biopolymer was quaternized and the trimethyl biopolymeric derivative (TMB) was analysed physically, chemically and for flocculating properties. ...


    By IWA Publishing

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