flocculation monitoring Articles

  • The safe use of cationic flocculants with reverse osmosis membranes

    Abstract Flocculants are used in combination with coagulants to agglomerate suspended particles for removal by filtration. This technique is used extensively in all types of surface waters to reduce the silt density index (SDI) and minimise membrane fouling. Although organic cationic flocculants are particularly effective, their widespread use in membrane applications is limited ...

  • Stop the hit and miss in coagulation-flocculation: AppliTek’s charge density analyzer to reduce polymer dosing

    Specialist manufacturer AppliTek NV has the pleasure to announce its latest analytical solution, called EZ-Charge®, for reducing the potentially skyrocketing costs that come with controlling the amount of suspended solids in waste water treatment. The novel water analyzer has been developed in cooperation with AQRatio (Germany), a company specialized in sewage sludge analysis and control. ...


    By AppliTek NV

  • Monitoring and Treatment of Selected Nanoparticles

    With their increasing use, nanoparticles will become concentrated in urban effluents in the future. Both adequate monitoring methods and water treatment technologies will be necessary to assess and avoid consumer exposure. This paper reports results in these two challenging areas for both organic and inorganic nanoparticles. Treatment experiments indicate that lamellar settling is better adapted ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater Monitoring Colloidal Solids Removal

    Industrial Waste Water Treatment Success Stories Groundwater Monitoring Colloidal Solids Removal Effective Ground Water Solids Removal The ground ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Groundwater Monitoring Water Solids Removal

    Industrial Waste Water Treatment Success Stories Groundwater Monitoring Colloidal Solids Removal Effective Ground Water Solids Removal The ground ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Water quality monitoring following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

    Following the passage of Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans was left with 80% of its land area flooded. In some locations, the flood waters were over 30 feet deep. In the heat and stagnation, the waters quickly became heavily polluted. Pump out operations began in early September 2005 to get the city dried out quickly. Lake Pontchartrain was the primary receiving water body. A variety of approaches ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reliable silica monitoring supports power station efficiency

    West Burton B CCGT is a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine power station near Nottingham in the UK. It has three open-cycle gas turbines capable of generating enough electricity for approximately 1.5 million UK homes. In common with all combustion based power stations, the CCGT has a requirement to monitor silica levels in the Plant’s water and steam processes. Sean Todd, the Plant’s Control ...

  • Monitoring the fate of fluorescing substances recycled in ultrafiltration process backwash water

    The fate of fluorescing substances during the recycling of membrane backwash water (MBWW) ahead of coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation (CFS) with ultrafiltration (UF) membranes has been investigated. Bench-scale UF membranes were used to generate MBWW from a CFS-treated surface water containing 21 mg/L dissolved organic carbon (DOC) registering a 0.95 cm–1 UV254 absorbance that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring and evaluation of removal of pathogens at municipal wastewater treatment plants

    The concentrations and removal of Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and microbial indicators, including somatic coliphages and fecal coliforms were investigated through the wastewater treatment processes at three municipal wastewater treatment plants in Beijing, China. The experimental results showed that the concentrations of Cryptosporidium in untreated wastewater, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Automatic Sludge Blanket Level Detector: Monitor & control for effective, efficient processing

    Reducing energy consumption at municipal and industrial plants is, increasingly, a priority. Markland Specialty Engineering Ltd., designing and manufacturing process control instrumentation since 1967, helps achieve this important goal with its Automatic Sludge Blanket Level Detector. By helping facilities reduce waste - reducing unnecessary water, chemical or energy use, and unnecessary ...

  • Partech Case Study: Effluent Water Quality Monitoring at an Open Case Coal Site

    Merthyr Tydfil in Wales is home to the massive Ffos-y-fran land reclamation scheme by Millar Argent, where over 10 million tonnes of coal will be extracted in the next fifteen years! So what’s the point of the land reclamation scheme? The purpose is to restore the land to its former principle use and Partech are helping with the discharge monitoring on site. You ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Guaynabo WTP in Puerto Rico saves thousands with UV254 Monitoring Package - Case Study

    Summary Dealing with fluctuating water sources is not an easy task for plant operators. Seasonal variation, heavy rain fall or accidental contamination events change the raw water quality, requiring immediate attention. This is a familiar scenario for Facility Manager, Nancy Ma. Cáceres Acosta at the Los Filtros Water Treatment Plant in Puerto Rico. She has been producing highquality ...


    By Real Tech Inc.

  • Laboratory Evaluation of Relationships Between Solids Retention Time, Microbial Diversity, and Settling Characteristics of Activated Sludge

     ABSTRACT As one of the largest means of achieving pollution control of our waterways, activated sludge is of considerable practical importance. Satisfactory operation of this process, however, has often been hampered by various problems associated with poor settling capability of activated sludge. Despite extensive research, no definitive solutions to these problems exist due to a lack ...

  • Comparison of enterovirus and adenovirus concentration and enumeration methods in seawater from Southern California, USA and Baja Malibu, Mexico

    Despite being important etiological agents of waterborne illness, the sources, transport and decay of human viruses in recreational waters are not well understood. This study examines enterovirus and adenovirus concentrations in coastal water samples collected from four beaches impacted by microbial pollution: (1) Malibu Lagoon, Malibu; (2) Tijuana River, Imperial Beach; (3) Baja Malibu, Baja ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Collini metal processing plant

    Introduction The submerged membrane bioreactor plant at Collini galvanic industries in the West of Austria is a fine example of process optimization in a complex industrial environment. The plant is owned and operated by Collini and is now in its 3rd year treating wastewater from a metal processing facility. It is sited in an industrial estate and discharges into a small waterway in an ...


    By Kubota Membrane Europe Ltd.

  • Grundfos Alldos provides clean drinking water in Athens

    In time for the Olympic Games, Grundfos Alldos equipped the four existing Athens water treatment plants in Galatsi, Melindi, Kiourka and Aspropyrgos with state-of-the-art disinfection systems and put them into operation. In order to ensure that everything ran smoothly, a cutting-edge SCADA system was installed for remote monitoring. This means that plants, sometimes 40 km apart, can be monitored ...


  • Wastewater-Primary Treatment

    Primary Treatment is defined as a wastewater treatment process that takes place in a rectangular or circular tank and allows those substances in wastewater that readily settle or float to be separated from the water being treated. This process achieves solids separation. The solids readily available to settle to achieve sedimentation will do so in a settling tank referred as a clarifier. On the ...


  • Evaluation of electropositive filtration for recovering norovirus in water

    The virus adsorption-elution (VIRADEL) technique has been widely used in the recovery of various enteric viruses in water, and an electropositive filter such as 1 MDS has been commonly applied. However, effective methods of monitoring waterborne norovirus (NoV) have not yet been well characterized and optimized. Hence, in this study, the VIRADEL technique was evaluated and optimized for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Control of Microthrix parvicella by aluminium salts addition

    Aluminium and iron chloride were added to a biological nutrient removal pilot plant (1,500 population equivalent) treating urban wastewater to investigate the control of Microthrix parvicella bulking and foaming by metallic salts. Monitoring plant performance over two 6-month periods showed a slight impact on the removal efficiencies. Addition of metallic salts (Me; aluminium or aluminium + ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Car wash wastewater treatment and water reuse – a case study

    Recent features of a car wash wastewater reclamation system and results from a full-scale car wash wastewater treatment and recycling process are reported. This upcoming technology comprises a new flocculation–column flotation process, sand filtration, and a final chlorination. A water usage and savings audit (22 weeks) showed that almost 70% reclamation was possible, and fewer ...


    By IWA Publishing

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