flow measurement solution Articles

  • What is turbidity?

    Turbidity measures the relative clarity of a water sample. It is determined by the amount of scattering that occurs when a light source is shined through a water sample. Light scattering is caused by increased concentrations of suspended particles in water that are not individually visible to the naked eye, which can give the water a cloudy appearance. This parameter is used as a general ...


    By MANTECH

  • Mobilization assessment and possibility of increased availability of PAHs in contaminated soil using column tests

    Surfactants are well known to increase solubility/mobility of hydrocarbons and can be used to remediate contaminated water and soil. We wanted to explore if Ivey sol R   106 used at less than the critical micelle concentration (CMC) could effectively mobilize PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) from contaminated soil. The first step was to establish a measurement technique. Hence, a ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Online flow measurement

    Background The undershoot weir in Hohensaaten was built in 1913. It has three openings and regulates the discharge from the Oderbruch and from the Finow canal into the Hohensaaten-Friedrichsthaler-waterway. Moreover, it protects parts of the Oderbruch against Oder floods. The weir controls the waterlevels in the Havel-Oder-waterway and in the reach of Niederfinow- Hohensaaten. ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Flow Measurement in the Cold

    Measuring flow can be a very delicate process depending on the needs of your operation. For instance, measuring flow in cold weather locations is an extremely difficult task. When outdoor temperatures are near or below freezing, it makes it nearly impossible to measure flow as you would in normal circumstances, meaning you must find alternative solutions so that your operation continues to have ...


    By TRACOM Inc.

  • Online discharge measurement with horizontal doppler-flow sensor

    Background The regional authority responsible for the barrages in the Free State of Saxony is in charge of the water management of the Rötha. Reservoir. This reservoir is situated close to the river Pleiße, from which the water is led over a weir into the reservoir.. Knowledge about the inflows of the reservoir is important for the water management there. So far, the ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler measurements near a weir with fish pass: assessing solutions to compass errors, spatial data referencing and spatial flow heterogeneity

    There has been an increasing interest in the use of Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs) to characterise the hydraulic conditions near river engineering structures such as dams, fish passes and groins, as part of ecological and hydromorphological assessments. However, such ADCP applications can be limited by compass errors, obstructed view to navigation satellites, frequent loss of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Discussion on the Gaussian assumption in flow rate measurements using a primary weighing method

    Flow rate measurement is a common task in many hydraulic infrastructures included in systems with a large impact on the economy. The quality requirements that such measurement must fulfil imply the best knowledge of the measurement results (estimates and measurement uncertainties). Methods such as those given by the Guide for the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) have been widely ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Calibration using 5 flow sensors saves the effort of extensive reconstruction measures

    "Abwasserzweckverband Breisgauer Bucht", a municipal association for sewage treatment in the south of Germany, operates a central wastewater treatment plant for its members (29 communities and cities). The WWTP covers a catchment area of 650km² and its treatment capacity is 600.000 population equivalents. The plant is treating wastewater from 375.000 residents as well as from industry and ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • Non-Contacting Flow Solution for Heap Leach Mining - Case Study

    How do you measure the flow rate of a highly corrosive solution in a partially full pipe? Minera Escondida, the world's largest single producer of copper, was faced with this challenge in their heap leaching process in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile. Finding an accurate, reliable non-contacting flow meter was a difficult. But Greyline Instruments developed a unique ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Simulation of water flow and solute transport in intermittent sand filter

    Water and solute transport in intermittent sand filtration was simulated with a modified HYDRUS 1D program. Field trials were performed through a 10 × 10 m infiltration basin located at Dissa agriculture area in the north of Gabes city (south-east Tunisia). Performance of the calibrated model has been statistically evaluated for its ability to predict water flow and solute transport. Comparisons ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Providing Precision Flow Control Solutions for Critical Biomolecular Research

    When scientists at the University of Nottingham’s Centre for Biomolecular Sciences (CBS) in the United Kingdom needed instrumentation to control the flow of gases in their research, they turned to Litre Meter, a UK distributor for Sierra Instruments, and the SmartTrak 100 series mass flow meters and ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Non-Contacting Solution for Plugged Off Flow Meters in The Oil Patch

    For years Petrobakken Energy Ltd. used inline turbine flow meters to track the flow rate of oil recycled to treaters. But with a high concentration of wax and sand in the oil, the turbine meters were quickly plugging off. The line had to be shut down at least once a day and the turbine flowmeters disassembled for cleaning. This was troublesome and expensive. Petrobakken knew there had to be a ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Solution for Submerged Flow Monitoring in Raymond Irrigation District - Case Study

    Raymond Irrigation District (RID) measures the flow rate of water delivered to over 46,000 acres of irrigated land and 300 municipal and agricultural water users in Southern Alberta, Canada. ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Contact-free indirect measurement

    The non-contact mode of measurement is very interesting for hygienic applications in the food-, pharmaceutical- and cosmetics industry, as well as for industrial applications with thick, adhesive and solid containing liquids. Experience has shown that conventional volumetric flow meters quickly come to their limit, while other measuring procedures are often very complex and/or are not suitable ...


    By Lutz Pumpen GmbH

  • Measuring Wastewater Below Ground

    Measuring wastewater is one of the most difficult water management tasks that exists. While some wastewater flows are easy to access, others are very hard to measure because they are in open channel conditions and are below grade. If you need to measure below ground wastewater flow, there are a few factors that you need to consider to help you choose the right tool for the job. With a ...


    By TRACOM Inc.

  • OTT ADC measurement - Germany

    Background As the open pit Cottbus Nord is making use of the water of the ponds in the protected landscape of Lakoma (a village 6 km from Cottbus) the Vattenfall Europe Mining AG (VEM) as owner of the pit was obligated to take compensation measurements. VEM entrusted the engineers of the gerstgraser Ingenieurbüro für Renaturierung (gIR) in Cottbus with the planning of the ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Measuring Pressure and Vacuum Correctly

    Pumps and systems are installed, started, operated, and many times, forgotten. When a problem arises, it’s recommended to install a discharge pressure gauge and suction vacuum gauge on the system. These gauges should be installed near the suction inlet and discharge outlet of the pump. These gauges are usually installed properly, recorded, and along with a pump speed measurement can be ...


    By Gorman-Rupp Co.

  • Conductivity Theory and Measurement

    Electrical conductivity is a measure of the ability of a solution to cany* a current. Current flow in liquids differs from mat in metal conductors in that electrons cannot flow freely, but must be carried by ions. Ions are formed when a solid such as salt is dissolved in a liquid to form electrical components having opposite electrical charges. For example, sodium chloride separates to form Na" ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Measuring of landfill gas production

    Type     HOFGAS®- Smarty S  Commissioning     2002 Site     Nurmijärvi (FI) Situation An accurate estimation of the landfill gas production will support the operator at the Nurmijärvi landfill site in planning the final gas collection and degassing system. A mobile degassing plant was installed to measure the quantity ...


    By Hofstetter BV

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