flow modeling Articles

  • Get more out of Water Resources Engineering Models

    The effort required to develop water resources engineering models can be significant. But once developed, in many instances the models are only evaluated for a limited, or a single set of conditions. The results and predictions obtained from these evaluations are the ones used in design, presented in reports and conveyed to decision makers and the public. This approach might serve ...


    By XP Solutions

  • Modelling of unsteady cavitating flow

    A 2D numerical model is proposed in this paper to simulate unsteady cavitating flows around hydrofoil NACA66mod. The objective of this study is to define a numerical procedure to model the unsteady cavitating flow. The Reynolds–averaged Navier–Stokes equations are solved for the liquid and vapour mixture, which is considered as a single fluid with variable density which is expressed as function ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modeling overland flows in InfoWorks CS

    A new tool within InfoWorks CS v7.5 enables the presentation of flood depths within the bounds of a polygon, otherwise known as a flood compartment. The flood level can be extended throughout the boundaries of the compartment, allowing it to be matched against a ground model to calculate flood depth. The new tool does not alter the way in which flood calculations are undertaken, it is instead a ...


    By Innovyze

  • A survey of material flows in economic models

    Various types of economic model address environmental problems. This article examines whether these can be applied to the analysis of material flows. It is important to know which types of model are most suitable to deal with particular economic, environmental or physical aspects of material flows. For this purpose five main categories of models are considered, namely economic models of natural ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling of groundwater flow and heat transport

    Client: Transport for London Location: London Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Identifying the potential effects of pumping excess heat to the Chalk aquifer Summary: ESI was commissioned to test the feasibility of one of the possible solutions identified to prevent temperatures on the ...

  • Surfactant-induced unsaturated flow: Instrumented horizontal flow experiment and hysteretic modeling

    Organic compounds with surface-active properties reduce the surface tension of water and can change soil water contact angles depending on their aqueous concentration. The presence of such compounds in the unsaturated zone affects soil moisture characteristics and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity relations, and can cause flow as a result of induced soil water pressure gradients. Some studies ...

  • Mathematical modelling of a hydraulic controller for PRV flow modulation

    This paper describes the development of mathematical models, which represent static and dynamic properties of the AQUAI-MOD® hydraulic controller coupled with a standard pressure reducing valve (PRV) as well as a new experimental set-up for testing the controller and calibrating and validating the models. The purpose of the AQUAI-MOD® controller is to modulate the PRV outlet pressure according to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A dataset for the validation of flow and dispersion models at an urban intersection

    Dispersion modelling concerning air pollution caused by road traffic is reduced to a two-dimensional problem within street canyons. However, significant pollution loads are also to be expected at intersections. In this case, three-dimensional flow and dispersion structures have to be considered. For the validation of models claimed to be applicable to intersections, measurements of meteorological ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermal energy flow modelling in a typical university classroom

    In order to develop solutions for reducing energy consumption, an evaluation was made of the Civil Engineering Department building in the Isfahan University of Technology (IUT). As a part of this analysis, governing equations of mass, momentum and energy transport were used to model the heat flow in a typical classroom. The model was developed using finite element numerical method. The results of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CFD modelling of electrohydrodynamic gas flow in an electrostatic precipitator

    Modelling of the flow velocity fields for electrohydrodynamic flow in a wire-to-plate type electrostatic precipitator was achieved. From calculations for the flow employing different flow models, the Chen-Kim k − ε turbulent model appeared to be the most appropriate choice to obtain a quantitative image of the resulting mean flow field and downstream wake flow of the rear wire, although this was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modeling phototrophic biofilms in a plug-flow reactor

    The use of phototrophic biofilms in wastewater treatment has been recognized as a potential option for development of new reactor configurations. For better understanding of these systems, a numerical model was developed including relevant microbial processes. As a novelty, this model was implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics, a modern computational environment for complex dynamic models. A ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling the air flow in symmetric and asymmetric street canyons

    The main objective of this paper is to describe flow features in sequences of two-dimensional street canyons. Several configurations of symmetric and asymmetric canyons are studied by CFD modelling. Streets with different aspect ratios (W/H), where W is the width of street and H is the building height, are investigated. In asymmetric situations, one building (in the central canyon) is taller (30 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling of atmospheric flow and dispersion in the wake of a cylindrical obstacle

    The computational fluid dynamics code ADREA–HF is used to simulate atmospheric dispersion field experiments around an isolated cylindrical obstacle and two upwind sources of ammonia and propane, with the ammonia source located at different lateral positions. Model calculated concentrations and concentration fluctuations are compared with the experimental results, to investigate the effect of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling aerated flows with smoothed particle hydrodynamics

    Modelling aerated flows is a complex application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) since the interfaces between air and water change rapidly. In this work, the simulation of aerated flows with the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method is investigated with a focus towards the application in engineering practice. To prove the accuracy of the method, the processes of air entrainment and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A model for overland flow and associated processes within the Hydroinformatics Modelling System

    This paper presents a numerical model suitable for a broad range of surface flow problems such as overland flow, wetting and drying processes, varying flow conditions and shock waves. It is based on solution of two-dimensional fully dynamic shallow water equations using a cell-centred finite-volume method. Numerical fluxes are computed with a Harten, Lax and van Leer approximate Riemann solver ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Towards a model evaluation protocol for urban scale flow and dispersion models

    This paper reports on the stages forming a model evaluation protocol for urban flow and dispersion models proposed within the COST Action 732 on "Quality Assurance and Improvement of Micro–Scale Meteorological Models". It discusses the different components forming model evaluation with emphasis on validation and implementation of the protocol for the test case Mock Urban Setting Test (MUST). The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wet weather flow management

    For years, population explosion, demographic shifts, urbanization, aging infrastructure, limited water resources, and economic development have driven our water market, and with that our world’s need for total water solutions. ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • Improvement of water-quality environment in reservoir models using flow networks

    It is known that thermal stratification and environmental problems such as water quality deterioration occur in water reservoirs. One principle cause is the stagnation of water in the reservoirs, which leads to the problems of density stratification, nutrient enrichment of algae and others. Various methods such as deep-layer mixing and forced-air injection have been utilised to counter these ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Realistic approach to 2-D flow modelling for complex terrain

    The capabilities of regional and mesoscale meteorological models make them attractive to use in air pollution studies. Especially, flow modelling and dispersion analysis in complex terrain plays an important role in the control of emissions into the atmosphere. In the numerical simulation of an atmospheric phenomenon, various coordinate systems are used to represent the terrain and the vertical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A comparative study of two-equation turbulence models for simulating microscale wind flow

    Numerical modelling of turbulence plays a crucial role in providing accurate microscale wind fields which are necessary to predict transport and dispersion of pollutants in the vicinity of buildings reliably. Although more elaborate turbulence models have been developed, two-equation turbulence models are widely applied in atmospheric flow and dispersion models. The large CPU time required for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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