flue gas combustion efficiency Articles

  • 5th-Generation Thermox WDG Flue Gas Combustion Analyzer

    "For more than 40 years, we have been a leader in combustion gas analysis," says Mike Fuller, divison VP of sales and marketing and business development for Ametek Process Instruments, "and we believe the WDG-V is the combustion analyzer of the future." WDG analyzers are based on a zirconium oxide cell that provides a reliable and cost-effective solution for measuring excess oxygen in flue gas as ...

  • Pressurised pulverised coal combustion ? a coal-based combined-cycle state of the cooperative project: cleaned flue gas matches specifications for use with gas turbines

    A high efficiency of 60% in a combined-cycle power plant technology with fuels like gas or light oil is estimated to be achievable. On the other hand existing conventional coal-fired power plants based on steam generation have an efficiency of about 40?45%. A huge potential of improvement in efficiency could be achieved by the implementation of a simple and cost-effective technology: PPCC, a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • AMETEK THERMOX Introduces the WDG-V Combustion Analyzer

    Abstract AMETEK THERMOX Introduces the 5th Generation THERMOX Combustion Gas Analyzer in a CONTROL Magazine Exclusive. WDG analyzers are based on a zirconium oxide cell that provides a reliable and cost-effective solution for measuring excess oxygen in flue gas as well as CO and methane levels.  Information from the Gas Analyzer allows operators to obtain the highest ...

  • A process for synthesising polymeric ferric sulphate using sulphur dioxide from coal combustion

    We propose a process that uses sulphur dioxide from coal combustion as a raw material to synthesise polymeric ferric sulphate (PFS), a water treatment agent. The process uses sodium chlorate as an oxidant and ferrous sulphate as an absorbent. Sodium carbonate is used as the regulator of the polymerisation process. The major chemical mechanisms in this reaction system include oxidation, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pakistan SZS Gas Fired Steam Boiler

    Heavy Oil, Light Oil, Residual Oil, Natural Gas, City Gas, and Blast Furnace Gas can be used as Fuel. The boilers can also be applied to generate electricity at some districts where electricity power is in short. So are a variety of industrial productions, living and remote areas, and oil field. Even they can be used as a power plant boiler startup. SZS series oil & gas boilers are ...


  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Advanced WESP designs assure superior gas cleaning performance

    Nowadays, many industries are facing formidable environmental challenges and there is a growing need for effective, economical gas cleaning and air pollution control equipment. Michael Beltran of Beltran Technologies, Inc. reports on a renewed interest in high-efficiency wet electrostatic precipitators (WESPs) and discusses their importance for controlling sulphuric acid mists and other ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Rectify dry cycling of gas boilers and reduce energy costs by 25%

    Building engineers, energy and facilities managers tend to overlook that many gas boilers waste energy through dry cycling when they are not actively contributing to the building heating and hot water demand. It is often thought that existing building management systems (BMS) and building energy management systems (BEMS) are optimising the boilers to remove dry cycling. However, the BMS is ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • Gas boiler load optimisation controls can rectify dry cycling and reduce energy costs by 25%

    Dry cycling of gas boilers can waste a great deal of energy, even when BMS optimisation is in use. Installing gas boiler load optimisation controls can reduce this waste and help boilers run more efficientlyBuilding engineers, energy and facilities managers tend to overlook that many gas boilers waste energy through dry cycling when they are not actively contributing to the building heating and ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • Cost-Effective NOx Control for Air-Preheated Systems

    New advancements in combustion control technologies, such as flue gas recirculation (FGR) and low NOx burners (LNB), have made it possible to achieve ultra low NOx levels without using expensive post-combustion flue gas clean-up technology. For some natural draft units it may be possible to meet the most stringent of the NOx regulations with cost-effective combustion control technologies. For ...

  • Saving waste in the boiler house

    Burner technology has improved greatly in recent years. Older Burners had a series of cams and levers that were calibrated to provide specific amounts of air for a particular rate of firing. Being mechanical items, these wore and sometimes required calibration. They, therefore, had to be regularly serviced and calibrated. Generally, new burners use frequency controlled motors and cams to open air ...


    By EBE Engineering Ltd.

  • The Other Side of Zirconium Oxide case study

    Regular Fuel Efficiency Applications Separate Oxygen and Combustibles Sensors In standard flue gas applications for Thermox analyzers, the user generally tries to extract the maximum energy from the fuel and transfers as much of that energy as possible to the process. These applications require the process to be operated as efficiently as possible by keeping both oxygen (excess air) and ...

  • Science in Aid of Cleaner Air

    Some 60 million tons per year of nitric oxides are released worldwide to the environment as the consequence of human energy consumption. Efficient technologies have been developed to treat flue gas, and Sulzer with some 50 plants is the technology leader. A recent example is AES Cayuga, a coal-fired power plant in Lansing, NY (USA). The combustion of fossil fuels is often conducted at highest ...


  • Present status and future prospect of clean coal technology in China

    Coal consumption accounts for about two thirds of the primary energy consumption in China. High economic growth has brought about a rapid increase of coal consumption. Low-efficiency combustion of a large amount of coal caused coal-smoke related air pollution. The Chinese government put forward plans to develop clean coal technology in the early 1990s, and has listed it as one of the emphases for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low emissions from large plants too

    Type     HOFGAS®- LPM 3000 Performance     3’000 Nm³/h, 15’000 kW Location     Scotland (GB) SituationEvery year, 150’000 tonnes of waste from Edinburgh, Lothian and the Borders Region are brought to the Dunbar landfill site. The waste is transported by rail to the site. In 2002, the UK Environmental Agency ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Exergy and energy analysis of an AC steel electric arc furnace under actual conditions

    The energy and exergy analyses of an existing steel Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) are performed to estimate the potential for increasing the furnace efficiency. To obtain realistic results, the effect of air infiltration into the furnace was taken into account. The results of the analyses revealed that the energy and exergy efficiencies of the furnace are low and should be increased. The main ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energy conservation studies on residential heating systems: an application for Izmir, Turkey

    Energy conservation through improvement of the efficiencies of end use devices such as boilers and stoves used for space heating is one of the most effective ways to provide immediate relief for the energy problem in the residential sector of Turkey. For this reason, during the 1995-96 winter period, the campaign "Saving the Environment Begins at Home" was launched by the branch office of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Right Mix for Clean Air

    Reducing air pollution is an increasingly important topic all around the world. Many governments—also in developing countries—set new limits for emissions such as nitrogen oxides in flue gas. Sulzer offers advanced mixing technology for flue gas cleaning. The installation in a large power plant shows that these high-performance mixers can cope with the most difficult requirements. ...


    By Sulzer

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