flue gas flow monitor Articles

  • 5th-Generation Thermox WDG Flue Gas Combustion Analyzer

    "For more than 40 years, we have been a leader in combustion gas analysis," says Mike Fuller, divison VP of sales and marketing and business development for Ametek Process Instruments, "and we believe the WDG-V is the combustion analyzer of the future." WDG analyzers are based on a zirconium oxide cell that provides a reliable and cost-effective solution for measuring excess oxygen in flue gas as ...

  • New laser-based dust emission monitoring system

    Abstract A new generation of continuous particulate matter concentration monitoring instruments is presented, covering a measuring range of 0 to 1000 mg/m3. The laser-based scattered light instrument gives an improved stability as well as excellent resolution in the low range. This enables high concentration measurement as well as especially low emission monitoring down to 0.01 mg/m3 with a ...


    By Sigrist-Photometer AG

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • NOx in Non-Utility Industries - Part II - Control options and monitoring methodology

     This the second in a two-part series. Part I, which appeared in our June 2001 issue focuses on air emission origins of nitrogen oxides (NOx) in non-utility industries. Choice of the NOx control technology is dependent on many factors, including regulatory requirements, technical feasibility, cost and public perception. Figure 1, compiled based on publications [1-5], presents a summary of ...


  • Rectify dry cycling of gas boilers and reduce energy costs by 25%

    Building engineers, energy and facilities managers tend to overlook that many gas boilers waste energy through dry cycling when they are not actively contributing to the building heating and hot water demand. It is often thought that existing building management systems (BMS) and building energy management systems (BEMS) are optimising the boilers to remove dry cycling. However, the BMS is ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • Gas boiler load optimisation controls can rectify dry cycling and reduce energy costs by 25%

    Dry cycling of gas boilers can waste a great deal of energy, even when BMS optimisation is in use. Installing gas boiler load optimisation controls can reduce this waste and help boilers run more efficientlyBuilding engineers, energy and facilities managers tend to overlook that many gas boilers waste energy through dry cycling when they are not actively contributing to the building heating and ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • NOx in Non-Utility Industries - Part I NOx in Non-Utility Industries - Part I - Air emission origins, best control solutions and monitoring methodology for nitrogen oxides

     Problems with reducing nitrogen oxides (NOx) are widespread in the general process industries. These industries, together with medium size utility and power generators contribute about 15 percent of global NOx emissions. The emission sources addressed include various heaters employed in chemical and petrochemical plants, nitric and sulfuric acid plants, glass furnaces, iron and steel mills, ...


  • Saving waste in the boiler house

    Burner technology has improved greatly in recent years. Older Burners had a series of cams and levers that were calibrated to provide specific amounts of air for a particular rate of firing. Being mechanical items, these wore and sometimes required calibration. They, therefore, had to be regularly serviced and calibrated. Generally, new burners use frequency controlled motors and cams to open air ...


    By EBE Engineering Ltd.

  • Low emissions from large plants too

    Type     HOFGAS®- LPM 3000 Performance     3’000 Nm³/h, 15’000 kW Location     Scotland (GB) SituationEvery year, 150’000 tonnes of waste from Edinburgh, Lothian and the Borders Region are brought to the Dunbar landfill site. The waste is transported by rail to the site. In 2002, the UK Environmental Agency ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Redundant combustion plant for Novartis

    Type     HOFGAS®- IFM4c/2200/1500/60/180 Commissioning     2004 Site     Novartis (Basel, CH) Situation In order to prevent production failure due to missing redundancy in the flue gas clean up, Novartis required an additional system. During different production processes exhaust air load with organic components is formed. ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • To MACT and Beyond case study

    In the 1970s, FMC Corp., a chemical manufacturer headquartered in Philadelphia, began operating a high-efficiency thermal destruction facility to dispose of hazardous liquid wastes at its Baltimore pesticide manufacturing plant. The facility used a thermal oxidizer with a rapid quencher and packed tower scrubber to remove air pollution emissions. The system was upgraded in the early ’80s ...


    By Bionomic Industries Inc.

  • Wasting energy through steam loss

    The European Union Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings, which relates to all member nations of the European Union, are obliged to set limits on greenhouse gas emissions, particularly from buildings. Typically steam is used for a wide range of applications within larger establishments including, humidification, hot water, space heating and air heating.  Primary energy losses in ...

  • Facilitating compliance with consent decree requirements using an EMIS

    In late 2008, T3, a division of Trinity Consultants, developed an environmental management information system (EMIS) to manage “near real-time” emissions data at a petroleum refinery. The system is designed to support Consent Decree requirements for compliance demonstrations with air quality regulations at the facility. Functionality delivered includes advanced data gathering, ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Efficient steam production in paper mills

    The paper and pulp industry is an energy and emission intensive industry. Steam is an essential part of the paper making process with steam boilers, steam distribution systems and other processes accounting for a large percentage of a paper mill’s energy costs. Useful energy is often lost from boilers and process equipment such as heat exchangers, dryers, evaporators etc, as well as from ...

  • Controlling Stack Emissions in the Wood Products Industry

    Electrostatic precipitation has been a reliable technology since the early 1900's. Originally developed to abate serious smoke nuisances, the manufacturers of zinc, copper, and lead quickly found electric gas cleaning a cost efficient way to recover valuable product carried out of the stacks from furnace operations. Today electrostatic precipitators are found mainly on large power plants, cement ...


  • Can we bury the carbon dioxide problem?

    Seriously — carbon capture and storage could be a game-changer. Mention “carbon capture and storage” — the process of trapping carbon dioxide produced in fossil-fuel burning or other industrial processes and burying it underground — in polite company, and you’re likely to be pounced on. It’s absurdly expensive. It can never be rolled ...


    By Ensia

  • EPA Proposed “Franken-MACT” for Utilities

    EPA published the highly anticipated proposed Maximum Available Control Technology (MACT) Standard for the utility sector (40 CFR 63 Subpart UUUUU). When considered together with the growing list of proposed and final rules impacting the utility sector (Transport Rule/Cross-State Rule, Coal Combustion Byproducts Rule, Cooling Water Intake Rule, Regional Haze Rule, revised National Ambient Air ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • EPA mercury rules: Keeping the lights on while removing toxics from our air

    Next week the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is expected to finalize new rules to reduce mercury and other toxic air emissions that will affect dozens of antiquated power plants currently operating without pollution controls. These rules have stirred debate in some circles as to whether retrofitting or retiring outdated plants will cause shortfalls in electricity capacity. How will new EPA ...

  • Superinsulated Houses

    Superinsulated building is a method of energy-efficient construction that can be adapted to any structure, commercial or residential, in any climate. A superinsulated (SI) home can save 75% of the annual energy costs for heating and cooling compared to a standard home, and is also more comfortable and healthy for the occupants. SI houses can be of any design—Colonial, Victorian, Contemporary, ...


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