fossil co2 fraction Articles

  • Economic impact of the valuation of life cycle CO2 emissions from renewable and fossil energy systems

    We use a Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) methodology and the Hotelling rule [1,2] to calculate the economic value of CO2 emissions reductions attained through a substitution of renewable energy systems for conventional energy systems in isolated power generation applications. The CO2 abatement value calculated in this way is used to estimate savings in electricity cost associated with PV and Wind ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of CO2 Emission Trading Schemes on Residual Waste Management

    ABSTRACT The EU-Emission trading scheme (ETS) in its current design hardly affects residual waste management directly: methane from landfill-sites is not included although it is one of the “Green-House-Gases” (GHG) of the Kyoto Protocol, CO2-emissions from waste incineration plants are generally exempted from the regulation of the directive and emissions from combustion of landfill-site gas can ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Used Tires are Better Fuels than Coal and Coke, Aliapur Says

    A research conducted by French company Aliapur provides proof that burning used tires produce comparable energy (heat output) but less fossil CO2 emissions than burning coal or petroleum coke. Since used tires are not 100% fossil unlike coal and coke, their combustion emissions have renewable carbon or biomass fraction. Through ASTM D6866 testing, the biomass fraction of used tires was ...


    By Beta Analytic Inc.

  • Albedo Enhancement by Stratospheric Sulfur Injections: A Contribution to Resolve a Policy Dilemma?

    Fossil fuel burning releases about 25 Pg of CO2 per year into the atmosphere, which leads to global warming (Prentice et al., 2001). However, it also emits 55 Tg S as SO2 per year (Stern, 2005), about half of which is converted to sub-micrometer size sulfate particles, the remainder being dry deposited. Recent research has shown that the warming of earth by the increasing concentrations of CO2 ...


    By Springer

  • Axion: is ‘storing’ waste plastics better than burning?

    As global temperatures head for potentially catastrophic levels, landfilling rather than burning waste plastics might be better for the environment, suggests Keith Freegard, Director of Axion Polymers. Landfill or incineration: what is the best disposal route for our waste plastic materials? Large numbers of energy-from-waste (EfW) plants exist right across Europe and many of ...

  • Emissions reduction with Diesel blending

    Diesel technologies are develops by huge rates. Modification of cars with diesel engines make a half of the new cars sold in Europe. The black smoke, noisy engine operation and unpleasant smell remained far in the past. Today diesel engines present not only profitability, but also high capacity and worthy dynamic characteristics. Quality of fuel also is changed. The modern diesel blending has ...


    By GlobeCore Blending

  • Emissions Reduction with Diesel Blending

    Diesel technologies are develops by huge rates. Modification of cars with diesel engines make a half of the new cars sold in Europe. The black smoke, noisy engine operation and unpleasant smell remained far in the past. Today diesel engines present not only profitability, but also high capacity and worthy dynamic characteristics. Quality of fuel also is changed. The modern diesel blending has ...


    By GlobeCore Blending

  • Waste shredding protects resources in Indonesia - Case Study

    Cement production is among the core activities of building materials supplier Holcim. Holcim Ltd. can boast the most expansive geographical action radius in the global cements industry thanks to its subsidiaries in over 70 countries on all five continents. Recently, the company successfully inaugurated a modern recycling center in collaboration with its environmental technology partner Geocycle ...


    By WEIMA

  • Why Our Buildings Should Be Made From Wood

    If done correctly, using wood for buildings would have a number of environmental benefits without loss of biodiversity or carbon storage capacity. Although it may seem counterintuitive, it would be better if we built buildings from wood than from concrete, brick, aluminium and steel. We use millions of tons of these modern materials every year. They have many ...


    By Ensia

  • Preparing for EPA’s mandatory reporting of greenhouse gases rule

    Recent action by the US EPA to finalize the Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Rule means that environmental managers must now seriously examine whether they are fully prepared to address the imminent requirements. This article provides some assistance by summarizing key points regarding the final versus proposed rule, providing clarification on key questions that have arisen since the ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Status of black carbon monitoring in ambient air in Europe

    Black carbon (BC) is increasingly discussed in science and environmental policy areas as an example of an air pollutant that affects both human health and contributes to climate change (e.g. WHO, 2012; UNEP/WMO, 2011; Bond et al., 2013; IPCC, 2013). In order to be able to make comparable measurements of BC in ambient air and to relate BC monitoring to health impacts and climate change it is ...

  • Environmental Assessment of Municipal Waste Management Scenarios: Part I Data Collection and Preliminary Environmental Assessments for Life Cycle Thinking Pilot Studies

     Landfilling can be almost eliminated and reductions in climate change contributions of 7% can be achieved relative to monitoring data for Kyoto targets in regions with high percentages of biodegradable waste using advanced waste management systems. Additional benefits outside the region are achieved through energy recovery, recycling, and compost production. These are quantified using life cycle ...


  • Is it better to burn or bury waste for clean electricity generation?

    The use of municipal solid waste (MSW) to generate electricity through landfill-gas-to-energy (LFGTE) and waste-to-energy (WTE)projectsrepresentsroughly14%ofU.S.nonhydrorenewable electricity generation. Although various aspects of LFGTE and WTE have been analyzed in the literature, this paper is the first to present a comprehensive set of life-cycle emission factors per unit of electricity ...


    By Novo Energy, LLC

  • Put energy into emission control projects

    Many companies feel pressured to spend the least amount possible to meet environmental regulations, primarily because compliance isn’t a profit generating endeavor. What some environmental and compliance managers fail to realize is that emission control equipment can quickly become a profit decreasing endeavor with this penny wise-pound foolish approach. With mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) ...

  • 2013: a ‘perfect storm’ in air quality

    As many countries fail to meet air quality targets and large numbers of premature deaths still result from air pollution, Jim Mills, a particulate monitoring specialist and Managing Director of Air Monitors, explains why 2013 will be a pivotal year. In November 2011 Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, expressed his determination to make 2013 the ‘Year of ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Climate change connections

    MY son has a friend whose mother loves him very much. She loves him so much that she is terrified, absolutely terrified, that something might hurt him. Because she loves him so much and is so afraid that something bad might happen to him, she seems determined not to let anything happen to him. He is not allowed to take city buses, go to his high school football games or ride his bike in the city ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Footwear to Energy

    In developing countries within South East Asia, ever-depleting landfill space, fast-growing populations and an increasing need for more concrete to build, are just some of the factors that make for a compelling alternative fuel production argument. But to what extent is a lack of waste infrastructure holding such countries back? Is legislation the missing ingredient? Or do global brands need to ...


    By UNTHA Shredding Technology

  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    1 Guidebook Introduction 1.1 Introduction The joint EMEP (1)/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook (the 'Guidebook'), following the 'Guidelines for Reporting Emissions and Projections Data' under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (2), provides concise guidance on how ...

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