fossil-derived carbon dioxide determination Articles

  • Carbon Monoxide (CO) Versus Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

    Carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) are often mistaken for one another. Both gases are odourless and colorless and target the cardiovascular system. Both gases can enter the body through inhalation, skin and / or eye. Similar symptoms that both gases have in common are headaches, dizziness, seizures, and hallucination. Most people have a hard time determining the difference and do not ...

  • An Overview of Terrestrial Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide: The United States Department of Energy`s Fossil Energy R&D Program

    Abstract Increasing concentrations of CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG) in the Earth's atmosphere have the potential to enhance the natural greenhouse effect, which may result in climatic changes. The main anthropogenic contributors to this increase are fossil fuel combustion, land use conversion, and soil cultivation. It is clear that overcoming the challenge of global climate change ...


    By Springer

  • New Report Shows Decline in Carbon Dioxide and Other Pollutants from U.S. Power Plants, but State and Power Company Emissions Vary Widely

    Electric Power Industry is Transitioning to Lower-Carbon Sources and Positioned to Meet New EPA Carbon Standards A new report on U.S. power plant emissions from the country’s top 100 electric power producers shows a downward trend in ...


    By Ceres

  • The bottom line series: Carbon taxes

    Climate policy debates often feature discussions about the role of a carbon tax, either as an alternative or a supplement to a cap-and-trade program. This fact sheet describes the similarities and differences between the two policy approaches and answers other common questions about a tax on carbon. What is a carbon tax? A carbon tax is a fee imposed on fossil fuels, and other primary products ...

  • Environmental and energetic benefits derived from the anaerobic digestion of agroindustrial wastes

    Agrifood industry plays a relevant role in the economic development of the autonomous community of Extremadura (Spain), and generates vast volumes of wastes featured by both high polluting potential and moisture content. The present work reports on a detailed analysis of biogas generation from the anaerobic digestion of industrial tomato residues and slaughterhouse wastes, in this way, yields ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A statistical model for predicting carbon monoxide levels

    This paper presents a statistical model that is able to predict carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations as a function of meteorological conditions and various air quality parameters. The experimental work was conducted in an urban atmosphere, where the emissions from cars are prevalent. A mobile air pollution monitoring laboratory was used to collect data, which were divided into two groups: a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Greenhouse Gas Accounting Framework for Carbon Capture and Storage Projects

    Foreword Meeting the global challenge to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and avoid dangerous climate impacts requires deploying a portfolio of emission reduction technologies. We must both commit to broad and deep efficiencies in the way our societies’ consume energy and to significant increases in power supplies from low carbon energy sources. At the same time, it ...

  • Prepare now for the carbon tax bill or face hefty fines

    To avoid massive financial penalties, South Africa-based industries need to immediately prepare for the implementation of the Carbon Tax Bill, warns Roger Rusch, CEO of IWC (Industrial Water Cooling). In November 2015, the National Treasury published the Draft Carbon Tax Bill for public comment. Once implemented, the Bill will penalise companies with excessive Green House Gas (GHG) ...

  • Life cycle assessment of introducing an anaerobic digester in a municipal wastewater treatment plant in Spain

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) is being established as a standard technology to recover some of the energy contained in the sludge in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) as biogas, allowing an economy in electricity and heating and a decrease in climate gas emission. The purpose of this study was to quantify the contributions to the total environmental impact of the plant using life cycle assessment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aqua ammonia process for simultaneous removal of CO2, SO2 and NOx

    Experimental research work in applying aqueous ammonia solution for the simultaneous reduction of acidic gaseous emission from fossil fuel-fired utility plants is currently being performed at the National Energy Technology Laboratory. The traditional monoethanolamine process for CO2 removal suffers the disadvantages of low carbon dioxide loading capacity, equipment corrosion, amine degradation by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Methodologies for incorporation of synergistic effects in the calculation of the Pollutant Standards Index

    The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed the Pollutant Standards Index (PSI) in order to provide the public with an overall assessment of daily air quality. PSI values are determined from measured concentrations of five criteria air pollutants carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter (PM-10). In general, the PSI can be considered a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An econometric time-series analysis of global CO2 concentrations and emissions

    This paper extends previous work on the econometric modelling of CO2 concentrations and emissions. The importance of such work rests in the fact that models of the Cohen-Labys variety represent the only alternative to scientific or physical models of CO2 accumulations whose parameters are inferred rather than estimated. The stimulation for this study derives from the recent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing the Impacts of the Iran Nuclear Deal on Climate Change

    Introduction On July 14, 2015, the international economic boycott levied against Iran was scheduled to conclude. In concert with the European Union and the P5+1, the Islamic Republic agreed to a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) whereby its capacity for nuclear development would be dramatically curtailed. Among other requirements, Iran is mandated, for a period of 15 years, to ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Gaseous emissions during concurrent combustion of biomass and non-recyclable municipal solid waste

    Abstract Background: Biomass and municipal solid waste offer sustainable sources of energy; for example to meet heat and electricity demand in the form of combined cooling, heat and power. Combustion of biomass has a lesser impact than solid fossil fuels (e.g. coal) upon gas pollutant emissions, whilst energy recovery from municipal solid waste is a beneficial component of an integrated, ...


    By Protea Limited

  • The Role of Soil Moisture on our Climate, Weather and Global Warming

    Global warming is a topic that has received much attention in the media, especially during the hot days of summer. The process by which carbon dioxide (CO 2) in the atmosphere prevents the escape of thermal energy into outer space is known as the green house effect. The higher the carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere the less thermal energy that can escape thus an increasing global ...

  • Low Pressure Separation Membrane: Purification Of Landfill Gas

    Summary: The paper is presenting preliminary results of the on-site trial of the gas purification pilot plant based on membrane separation technology, operating at relatively low pressure- This trial is an initial phase of a bigger project aiming at production of clean and high calorific value gas that could be used as a substitute of fossil fuel. e.g. for powering vehicles. The objectives of the ...


    By Biogas Technology Limited

  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

  • Industrial Biotechnology - ASTM Organizes New Technical Committee

    With a total population of nearly 7.2 billion people, and a new birth every eight seconds, our modest planet is straining at the seams. Finding ways to maximize the sustainability of the resources that support us all is of critical importance. One such effort falls under the general heading of industrial biotechnology, which is based on a fascinating premise: that ...


    By ASTM International

  • Emission scopes help to categorize greenhouse gas (GHGs) reporting efforts

    Emission scopes are being used to determine the category of chemical and usage area, so that facilities can understand and monitor their greenhouse gas impact. The US Clean Air Act and the Montreal Protocol have established that emissions of harmful substances must be controlled worldwide. When discharged into the air, these chemicals can cause severe damage to the global environment. Three ...


    By Verisae

  • Benchmarking air emissions of the 100 largest electric power producers in the US

    This report examines and compares the air pollutant emissions of the 100 largest power producers in the US based on 2006 plant ownership and emissions data. Table ES.1 lists the 100 largest power producers featured in this report ranked by their total electricity generation from fossil fuel, nuclear, and renewable energy facilities. These producers include public and private entities ...


    By Ceres

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