fouling membrane Articles

  • Membrane fouling

    The Problem: Membrane water treatment is costly and complex due to the systems required to mitigate membrane fouling. Membranes have, therefore, been relegated to high value applications such as desalination and ultra-pure water needs. The systems used to mitigate fouling have a history of underperformance and high cost. EconoPure Solution: EconoPure has ...


    By EconoPure Water Systems, LLC

  • TEP and biofilm fouling on membranes

    Summary Biological fouling on membranes is a major problem in desalination and water purification plants. Oceanographers and limnologists have found that most marine and fresh waters are full of microscopic Transparent Exopolymer Particles, otherwise known as TEP. In this article, aquatic microbiologist Tom Berman and Filtration Specialist Marina Holenberg (Amiad Filtration Systems, Amiad, ...

  • Software warns of early membrane fouling

    A software system known as MASAR – Membrane Alarm System and Automated Reporter, is proving to be a valuable tool for monitoring and optimizing membrane – based water purification and desalination plants. It can detect the early development of membrane fouling/scaling in RO, NF, UF and MF systems by monitoring performance and measuring an early-warning parameter called the Fouling ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Proteins causing membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors

    In this study, the details of proteins causing membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors (MBRs) treating real municipal wastewater were investigated. Two separate pilot-scale MBRs were continuously operated under significantly different operating conditions; one MBR was a submerged type whereas the other was a side-stream type. The submerged and side-stream MBRs were operated for 20 and 10 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Death, Taxes . . . and RO Membrane Fouling

    Membrane fouling in reverse osmosis (RO) systems is as all pervasive and inevitable as the common cold. Avoidance is just as hit-or-miss: wash your hands, don't get your feet wet and hope for the best. The many unseen factors influencing whether a person becomes ill parallel the many variables that determine the onset and severity of fouling in a membrane system. Design, operation, and ...


  • Fouling with aerobic granule membrane bioreactor

    Aerobic granulation (AG) and membrane bioreactor (MBR) are two promising, novel environmental biotechnological processes that draw interest of researchers working in the area of biological wastewater treatment. Membrane fouling in the combined aerobic granular membrane bioreactor (AGMBR) process and the conventional MBR process was investigated in this work. The irreversible fouling on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Real-Time Membrane Fouling Monitoring

    The Port Hueneme Water Agency (PHWA) has been operating a municipal drinking water treatment plant designed to be a Brackish Water Reclamation Demonstration Facility. The facility consists of 3 separate side-by-side full scale systems or trains, each representing a major membrane separation process: nanofiltration (NF), reverse osmosis (RO) and electro dialysis reversal (EDR). Both the NF and RO ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • CSM fouling resistant reverse osmosis membranes

    This paper particularly deals with new fouling resistant RO membranes which are made more hydrophilic and less changed or charged with the same charge as the foulants to reduce hydrophobic interaction and charge attraction or to increase charge repulsion, respectively. The fouling resistant membranes manufactured by Woongjin Chemical in Korea are coated with hydrophilic monomers followed by ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Desalination and water recovery: control of membrane fouling

    Ultrafiltration (UF), Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) technologies are widely used for the production of safe drinking water, and for the recovery of reusable water from various industrial effluent streams. The most commonly encountered phenomenon in these processes, especially in water recovery application, is membrane fouling, and control of membrane fouling is regarded as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of Cell Surface Characteristics on Membrane Fouling

    Initial deposition of S. cerevisiae particle to plate type membrane was conducted with direct observati on system(DOB). Solution chemistry was controlled by ionic strength variation(0mM ~ 50mM) with N aCl, MgCl2, CaCl2. Predictable tendency by DLVO theory was that increment of ionic strength make in teraction forces decrease and make it easier to be attached to membrane, finally. Although DLVO ...

  • Cleaning clay (aluminosilicates) from fouled membranes

    Abstract Within the lifetime of most reverse osmosis (RO) systems some fouling will adversely affect membrane performance. The major constituents of foulants found on the first position during six years of membrane autopsy at the Genesys Membrane laboratory are clay minerals chemically known as aluminosilicates. Clay is a naturally occurring material found in all RO feed waters ...

  • Effect of enhanced coagulation by KMnO4 on the fouling of ultrafiltration membranes

    Pre-coagulation enhanced by KMnO4 before ultrafiltration (KCUF) was compared with normal pre-coagulation by alum (CUF) in the ultrafiltration of water from the Songhua River, China. The trans-membrane pressure (TMP) with KCUF was much lower than that when alum alone was used. With KCUF a slower increment of TMP occurred, even under conditions of high river water turbidity. The results also showed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analyzing the spatial and temporal characteristics of membrane fouling

    Fouling characteristics of crossflow flat-sheet membranes for two Nanofiltration (NF), one Ultrafiltration (UF), and one Microfiltration (MF) membranes were analyzed using 12.5 parts per million (mg/L) FeCl3 solution and 350 mg/L copper nanofluid. FeCl3 solution represents dissolved contaminant whereas copper nanofluid simulates particulate contaminant. The spatial and temporal fouling ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane fouling remediation in ultrafiltration of latex contaminated wastewater

    The current study aimed to remediate membrane fouling by latex effluent by altering membrane surface charge or ionic strength of the effluent. Hydrophilic polysulfone and Ultrafilic flat membranes, with molecular weight cutoff (MWCO) of 60,000 and 100,000, respectively, and hydrophobic polyvinylidene difluoride membrane (PVDF; MWCO 100,000) were used under a constant flow rate and in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating impact of fouling on reverse osmosis membranes performance

    Abstract Membrane fouling is commonly defined as an undesirable formation of deposits on mem- brane surfaces and it is considered a major problem in most brackish, seawater, and waste water reclamation applications. Depending on nature of the scale and foulant, fouling pro- cesses will lead to decreased membrane fluxes, increased pressures needs, and/or increased permeate conductivity. ...

  • Predictability of fouling-potential of raw water for ultrafiltration membranes

    The public drinking water supply of southern Germany is characterized by a rather decentralized network. Due to the hydrogeological setting in these parts of Germany many of the small water works with an average capacity of 50 m3/h have to treat raw water extracted from karstic or cliffy aquifers. These raw waters tend to be contaminated with particles and pathogens acquired during snowmelt or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The smart solution to membrane fouling detection, monitoring and management

    Since the advent of membrane technology applications for large-scale commercial seawater desalination in the early Eighties, two critical issues in the application of the technology have emerged and persisted that drastically affected the way plant owners and operators managed these vital water production utilities, and subsequently impacted the total cost of water. The issues are the ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Safe use of microbubbles for removal of RO membrane fouling

    Abstract The authors have shown a dramatic improvement in cleaning efficiency when effervescent cleaning reagents are used in conjunction with bubbles created using a specially designed microbubble generator. One potential problem associated with this new technique is that the bubbles will cause damage to the delicate polyamide layer and other structures in the RO element. In order to ...

  • Innovations in the inhibition of reverse osmosis membrane scaling and fouling

    Abstract: Scaling and fouling of membranes is an on-going performance issue for most plants. There are continual improvements in membrane technology and plant design which increase efficiency, water quality and utilise different raw water supplies to produce clean pure water. This presentation outlines innovations in laboratory services and speciality chemicals designed to inhibit membrane ...

  • Evaluation of a bench-scale membrane fouling protocol to determine fouling propensities of membranes during full-scale water reuse applications

    There is increasing interest in recycling wastewater effluents for augmentation of existing water supplies. The treatment of wastewater effluents by an integrated membrane system, such as microfiltration pre-treatment followed by reverse osmosis, is the industry standard for groundwater recharge or reservoir augmentation projects. Membrane fouling, especially effluent organic matter fouling, is a ...


    By IWA Publishing

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