free chlorine reduction filter Articles

  • Sanitation Using Ozone & Chlorine

    For nearly 100 years, ozone has been used all over the world for water sanitation. It is nature’s strongest oxidizer and has a byproduct of pure oxygen. Chlorine, on the other hand, is a very effective, time-proven chemical, but is ineffective against hard-to-kill microorganisms such as cryptosporidium. It also has some unpleasant byproducts. Together, however, these two substances can ...

  • Chlorine Dioxide gas detection: A comprehensive guide

    Introduction Some years agoago, the bleaching process in the paper industry was changed from using Chlorine (Cl2) as bleaching agent to Chlorine dioxide (ClO2). This was a challenge forThis posed a major challenge to industrial hygienists, as there were no sensors or detectors available that were specific to Chlorine dioxide: There was no sensor technology for gas detectors available that ...

  • The Use Of UV For Dechlorination

    For many years chemical disinfection techniques have been used to provide microbiologically pure water for industrial and domestic use. Free chlorine, typically introduced by municipal water treatment plants in gaseous form, has been employed for many decades as a primary oxidising agent for the control of microbiological growth. Free chlorine can also be introduced through the injection of ...

  • A Layman`s Guide to Inorganic and Organic Contaminant Removal by Standard Filtration Methods

    Plant operators, maintenance engineers and mechanics, specifying engineers, installation technicians, and others involved in inorganic and organic contaminant removal are oftentimes called upon to choose and apply filtration solutions. To best make these decisions, it is helpful to review information and updated insight on basic filtration technologies, along with their advantages and ...


    By Shelco Filters

  • Performance of a conventional surface water plant using mixed-oxidants for microflocculation and final disinfection

    The City of Santa Fe, NM utilizes both surface water and well water to achieve a system-wide peak production of 22 million gallons per day (MGD). In March 1998, the city incorporated MIOX mixedoxidant disinfection technology for pre-treatment and final disinfection of the water treated in an 8 MGD surface water plant. Concurrently, a filter backwash recycling system was installed as well as ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • The Benefits Of UV Disinfection In The Pharmaceutical Industry

    The quality standards required for purified water in the production of pharmaceuticals have never been stricter, with manufacturers having to conform to an ever increasing number of international standards. Craig Howarth, Managing Director of Hanovia Limited, introduces a number of interesting new developments in UV technology for disinfection and dechlorination. ...

  • Profile of Ozone/Bromine Sanitation Systems for City of Tucson Municipal Pools

    Due to the inherent risks associated with the use of chlorine gas as a sanitizer for the City of Tucson’s twenty-six municipal swimming pool sites, I found myself in search of an alternative water sanitation method. The challenge was clear; find a system that would be safer to manage than gas chlorine, yet yield the same favorable sanitation and water quality results. Since all the sites ...

  • Oil refinery reduces energy consumption with a Culligan Solution

    Challenge A major petroleum refinery was looking to replace a hot lime softener. Naturally occurring minerals such as Calcium, Magnesium and Silica can cause scale in steam boilers and other types of equipment used in refinery operations. Scale deposits in steam boilers con reduce equipment efficiency and increase energy, chemical, disposal and maintenance costs. Hot lime softening is a ...


    By Culligan Matrix Solutions

  • Methods of Purification

    Water Innovations Water Systems Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • RO Feedwater: Treat It Right

    Summary Crossflow membrane filtration systems, such as reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF) or ultrafiltration (UF), are good alternatives to traditional filtration and chemical treatment. However, to get the best performance from them, careful attention must be paid to feedwater conditions. Pretreating feedwater can lengthen the life of membrane elements, improve the quality of the ...

  • Drought Forces Push to Recycle, Reuse and Potential in Brackish Water for Oil & Gas Industry: Interview with BioLargo CEO

    UPTICK Interview: BioLargo's AOS Filter Delivers Abundant Clean Water Even In Drought The headlines are full of discussion on water shortages and drought with few options consistently noted beyond the need to conserve and manage the precious resource. To gain perspective on the problem and explore viable solutions UPTICK Newswire interviewed ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • ORP and pH Based Control of SBR Cycles for Nutrient Removal from Wastewater

    ABSTRACTContinuous monitoring of multiple process functions were conducted involving removals of BOD, TSS and nutrients, in each cycle of the SBR reactor at the wastewater treatment plant of the City of Carrabelle, FL. On line, real time, monitoring of pH, oxidation reduction potential (ORP), dissolved oxygen (DO), ammonia-N, nitrite-N, nitrate-N and orthophosphate-P demonstrated excellent ...

  • Good intentions may result in bad health

    President Obama’s stimulus investments in home energy efficiency may have the unintended consequence of increasing future medical costs. The stimulus bill contains $1500 tax credits for homeowners who install energy efficient doors, windows, and/or insulation. Studies in both the United States and England have shown that these home upgrades can reduce air infiltration by 50% in older homes, and ...


    By Tox Free Inc.

  • Hydro Polymers: Searching for a More Sustainable PVC

    Over the last five years, the European PVC industry has been forced to reassess the environmental impact of its products in the face of continuing pressure from environmental groups, governments and end users. Hydro Polymers, one of two PVC manufacturers in the UK, is forging ahead of its competitors through a partnership with sustainability consultancy The Natural Step. The company is launching ...

  • Taming taste and odor (T & O) problems in a water treatment plant

    Taming Taste & Odor (T&O) Problems Some taste and odors are caused by mineral constituents in the water, e.g. excess chlorine and hydrogen sulfide. However the majority of taste and odor are the result of biologic activity. Spring turnover of lakes and algal blooms are responsible for Blue-green algae (Cyanobacterium), Green algae and diatoms that introduce filter clogging organisms ...


    By Jenfitch, LLC

  • Upgrading from Pellistor Gas Sensors to Infrared Technology

    In this article Andy Avenell, Crowcon’s Fixed Systems Product Manager, considers the shift towards infrared (IR) gas sensor technology in the oil and gas industry. Abstract Flammable gases and vapours can present considerable dangers in many industrial applications, none more so than the processes involved in extracting, transporting and processing oil and gas. Fast and reliable ...

  • Air Pollution Control: Ready for the 21st Century

    The textile industry is plagued by air pollution problems which must be resolved. In particular, smoke and odor arising in the process require abatement. Air pollution control technology is available today which will serve the textile industry well into the 21st century. The nature of the problem The major air pollution problem in the textile industry occurs during the finishing stages, ...


  • Textile Industry: Air Pollution Control Through Wet Scrubbers, High Energy Venturi Scrubbers, Packed Bed Scrubbers and Other Technologies

    Wet Scrubbers, High Energy Venturi Scrubbers, Packed Bed Scrubbers are an excellent solution for air pollution in the textile industry. The textile industry is plagued by air pollution problems which must be resolved. In particular, smoke and odor arising in the process require abatement. Air pollution control technology is available today which will serve the textile industry well ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Case History - Air Pollution Control in the Textile Industry: a Technology for the 21st Century

    The textile industry is plagued by air pollution problems which must be resolved. In particular, smoke and odor arising in the process require abatement. Air pollution control technology is available today which will serve the textile industry well into the 21st century. The nature of the problem The major air pollution problem in the textile industry occurs during the finishing stages, ...


  • Can saltwater quench our growing thirst?

    An increasingly water-stressed world takes a new look at desalination. It seems simple enough: Take the salt out of water so it’s drinkable. But it’s far more complex than it appears at first glance. It’s also increasingly crucial in a world where freshwater resources are progressively strained by population growth, development, droughts, ...


    By Ensia

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