freshwater resource Articles

  • Threats to the World’s Freshwater Resources

    OAKLAND, CA - Ten to twenty thousand people die every day from water-related diseases; worldwide, half of all wetlands have already been lost to development and conversion. Global climate change will wreak potential havoc on the world's freshwater. In short, across the globe, the world's scarce fresh water is being threatened as never before. To make matters worse, the traditional methods ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Freshwater Resources: Managing the Risks Facing the Private Sector

    In recent years, a broad set of national and international water issues has begun to receive significant attention at all levels of society, from leaders at the United Nations to local communities in the United States and around the world. ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Where Is the Most Water Reuse Taking Place?

    Water reuse is becoming increasingly important as water scarcity becomes prevalent throughout the world. Whether it’s referred to as water reuse, water recycling, water reclamation, or another name, the resulting purified wastewater can be used in many applications, both potable and nonpotable. In some places, water reuse has been slow to catch on, particularly because of the so-called ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • The Role of Governance in Shaping Freshwater Management in America: Toward Integrated Resources Planning

    Freshwater is one of the world’s most precious resources, and managing it sustainably is a critically important goal. Fresh water and healthy aquatic ecosystems provide valuable services that society has come to depend on. While many factors determine the outcomes of freshwater management in the U.S., the aim of this paper is to examine the extent to which we can attribute these outcomes to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Vulnerability of freshwater resources in large and medium Nepalese river basins to environmental change

    This paper discusses vulnerability of freshwater resources in large and medium Nepalese river basins to environmental change based on evaluation of water resource availability and variation, resource development and use, ecological health and management capacity; and compares the situation with selected sub-basins of the Ganges and the Mekong basins in Asia. Results suggest that water resources ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Freshwater and foreign policy: new challenges

    This is a remarkable time, when understanding our dependence on the planets freshwater resources and our demands on these resources are both at an all-time high. The connections between water policy and foreign policy are stronger than ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • 10 messages for 2010 — Freshwater ecosystems

    Key messages Freshwater ecosystems in Europe are rich in biodiversity but at risk. They provide essential ecosystem services to humans, such as cleaning water, preventing floods, producing food, providing energy and regulating freshwater resources. Numerous pressures affect European freshwater ecosystems. Biodiversity has suffered from pollution and degraded water ...

  • Derivation of a benchmark for freshwater ionic strength

    Because increased ionic strength has caused deleterious ecological changes in freshwater streams, thresholds for effects are needed to inform resource‐management decisions. In particular, effluents from surface coal mining raise the ionic strength of receiving streams. The authors developed an aquatic life benchmark for specific conductance as a measure of ionic strength that is expected to ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Freshwater ecosystem management: from theory to application

    At the start of the 21st Century, humankind is struggling with many complex issues related to the management of freshwater resources. A key concern is that over-exploitation, in a world of increasing water stress, will result in environmental degradation, and loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services beneficial to humankind. "Ecosystem management" is one approach to managing natural resources, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A water quality index for recreation in Brazilian freshwaters

    Use of water for leisure activities has long been prevalent in human societies, especially where the climate is favorable. Water resources with appealing conditions for primary contact recreational activities include rivers, waterfall plunge pools, dams and lakes, as well as sea coasts. Recreational use has specific demands for water quality, particularly as regards risks to human health such ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Freshwater, climate change and adaptation in the Ganges River Basin

    Climate change is one of the drivers of change in the Ganges River Basin, together with population growth, economic development and water management practices. These changing circumstances have a significant impact on key social and economic sectors of the basin, largely through changes in water quantity, quality and timing of availability. This paper evaluates the impact of water on changing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Freshwater quality — SOER 2010 thematic assessment

    Water is critical for life and is integral to virtually all economic activities, including food and industrial production. Not only is clean water a prerequisite for human health and well-being, it provides for aquatic habitats that support healthy freshwater ecosystems. A range of pollutants including nutrients, biocides, pathogenic micro-organisms, industrial and household chemicals, metals and ...

  • Water resources

    Water resources are sources of water that are useful or potentially useful to humans. Uses of water include agricultural, industrial, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Understanding the Causes of Disease in European Freshwater Crayfish

    Abstract: Native European freshwater crayfish (Astacida, Decapoda) are under severe pressure from habitat alteration, the introduction of nonindigenous species, and epizootic disease. Crayfish plague, an acute disease of freshwater crayfish caused by the fungus-like agent Aphanomyces astaci, was introduced into Europe in the mid-nineteenth century and is responsible for ongoing ...


  • Swimming in the USA: beachgoer characteristics and health outcomes at US marine and freshwater beaches

    Swimming in lakes and oceans is popular, but little is known about the demographic characteristics, behaviors, and health risks of beachgoers on a national level. Data from a prospective cohort study of beachgoers at multiple marine and freshwater beaches in the USA were used to describe beachgoer characteristics and health outcomes for swimmers and non-swimmers. This analysis included 54,250 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Embracing uncertainty in freshwater climate change adaptation: A natural history approach

    Climate shifts are not new in the experience of humans and other species, but the capacity of potential evolutionary and ecological responses to climate change has been reduced through widespread human modifications of natural ecosystems. The magnitude, duration and timescales of altered climate threats require multigenerational strategies for climate change adaptation. In many places terrestrial ...

  • The impact of privatisation on the sustainability of water resources

    More than two and a half millennia ago, the Greek philosopher Thales of Miletus said  “best of everything is water” (Biswas, 2005; p.229). Indeed, water still remains the source of life although the world has changed dramatically. Water is the most important natural resource on our planet Earth. It is the basis of life that all organisms depend on for survival. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water resources in Europe in the context of vulnerability

    Water plays a central role in the functioning of the biosphere and in supporting all life. Freshwater ecosystems are particularly important, providing a unique and diverse array of services upon which human society depends. These services include 'provisioning' services, such as the provision of water for agriculture and hydropower. They also include 'regulating' services, where water helps ...

  • Effects of air pollution on European ecosystems - Past and future exposure of European freshwater and terrestrial habitats to acidifying and eutrophying air pollutants

    Poor air quality not only harms human health; it also impacts the structure and function of ecosystems, often far away from the emission sources. This report focuses on the deposition of airborne sulphur (S) and nitrogen (N) compounds and their negative effects on ecosystems. N- and S-containing air pollutants are released to the atmosphere by combustion processes such as the burning of coal or ...

  • Pilot Project: Acclimated cultures of freshwater archaea and bacteria degrade synthetic sewage in a salt-water environment

    Introduction Freshwater is a limited resource in many geographical regions of the Earth. This may be the case in some areas that are very populous of aircrafts and sailing vessels, that require treatment of their wastes. This study was done as a way to investigate methods that may require less usage of the available freshwater in these areas due to wastewater treatment, if 1) archaea ...


    By ArchaeaSolutions, Inc.

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