fuel analysis instrument Articles

  • Methods of oil/fuel analysis

    PC GlobeCore can propose you to make a reclaiming test of yours example of fuel (oil) to verify the possibility of clean it. If the oil is contaminated and not suitable for use, filtration can be recommended. Or, you can also make this test by yourself using our laboratory/test-bench transformer oil vacuum regeneration system UVR. The regenerated samples exceeded yours expectations. Average ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • An Analysis of Various Policy Instruments to Reduce Congestion, Fuel Consumption and CO2 Emissions in Beijing

    Using a nested multinomial logit model of car ownership and personal travel in Beijing circa 2005, this papercompares the effectiveness of different policy instruments to reduce traffic congestion and CO2 emissions. Thestudy shows that a congestion toll is more efficient than a fuel tax in reducing traffic congestion, whereas a fueltax is more effective as a policy instrument for reducing ...


    By The World Bank

  • Biodiesel Analysis with Mid Infrared - From Feedstock to Fuel

    Introduction The biofuels industry is growing rapidly and so is the need for analysis to ensure quality product. The parameters for quality biodiesel require different types of instruments and measurement systems, such as gas chromatographs (GC), titrators, centrifuges, infrared spectrometers... Although claims are out there for the analyzer that will do it all, unfortunately there is no one ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Fire and Gas Protection Systems as Part of Safety Instrumented Systems and Risk Management

    Garth Watkins, Director Europe, Middle East, Africa, Detector Electronics Corporation, Presented at HazardEx International Conference 2008 Process-systems operators today face increasing demands for lower costs and higher safety standards in an increasingly regulated environment. In addition, companies desire to provide a working environment that is as safe as possible. As a result, plant owners ...

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Taking Fossil Fuels to the Next Level - Standards Underpin Extraction, Processing and Distribution

    To the average person, the oil and gas industry may appear simple — a matter of literally tapping into a natural resource and distributing it to customers. Of course the matter of extraction is rarely simple, and in the case of emergent hydraulic fracturing technology, it is particularly complex and capital-intensive. In fact, the world of petroleum and natural gas extraction, distribution ...


    By ASTM International

  • EDXRF Analysis of Sulfur and Other Elements in Oil

    The concentrations of sulfur substances in fuel oil, which greatly contribute to air pollution and acid rain, are regulated by law in many countries, and these regulations are becoming stricter with the growing concern about their impact on the environment and the consequences for society. Here, using the easy-to-operate EDX-720 energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, we determined the ...

  • Gas cell selection for analysis of electronic gases

    APIMS and FTIR remain the preferred analytical tools for monitoring impurities in the electronic  specialty gases used by the semiconductor industry, although other tools such as CRDS are currently finding application in selected cases. FTIR spectroscopy offers the advantage of the simultaneous measurement of all gaseous species that exhibit dipole moment changes during vibrations at ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Spectro Scientific`s Third Edition Of The Oil Analysis Handbook

    It has been over two years since the publication of the first edition of Spectro Scientific’s In-Service Oil Analysis Handbook. Our goal was to compile a comprehensive reference book of common in-service oil analysis techniques to help readers understand and choose the right technique and instrumentation for their needs. In-service oil analysis for condition based maintenance covers a wide ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Simple Quantitative Measurement of Nannochloropsis Micro Algae in Water Using Shimadzu UV Micro Algae Analysis System

    Global warming due to the burning of fossil fuels is now widely recognized as a problem, and among the alternatives to fossil fuels, the extraction of fuel from micro algae has been actively investigated in recent years. While the yield per unit area of micro algae is high, and harvesting is possible year round, these advantages are offset by many challenges in the development process that ...

  • `Econometric Analysis on Environmental Sustainability of Gas Based Carbon Economy in 21st Century - - Strategies for Managing Environmental Risks for Sustainable Development of Gas Markets”

    Abstract:On account of growing economies world over and population explosions among Asian / South East Asian Nations, global energy consumptions are expected to increase by 59 - 63 per cent, over a period of 30 years, growing from 382 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) in 2000 to 607 quadrillion Btu – 620 quadrillion Btu in 2030, representing an average annual growth rate of 2.2 per ...

  • Overview of Rotating Disc Electrode (RDE) Optical Emission Spectroscopy for In-Service Oil Analysis

    Introduction The basis of modern oil analysis is the use of optical emission spectroscopy (OES) to measure the ppm (parts per million) levels of wear metals, contaminants and additives in oil samples. Whatever else an oil lab may measure, a multi-elemental analysis is the core of in-service oil analysis. This paper gives an overview of Rotating Disc Electrode Elemental Spectroscopy and its ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Pricing of road transport in East Asia: issues and challenges

    This paper aims to present a broad characterisation of the road transport pricing in East Asia (EA). Road transport pricing instruments remain fragmented despite pending regional economic integration. To understand pricing regime in the region, we reviewed the broad structure of road transport pricing in the region and performed an empirical analysis taking motor fuel pricing as determined by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lower Resolution Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy Can Provide Higher Performance for Quantitative Biodiesel Measurements

    Resolution is often used as a yardstick of instrument performance in Infrared Spectroscopy.  This is especially true when the measurements are energy limited as they are in the mid-infrared.  For example, in both the European and ASTM standards - EN14078 and ASTM D7371 - for the determination of biodiesel in diesel fuel, a 4 cm-1 resolution is specified which is a relatively high ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Chapter 2: Economic models of optimal energy use under environmental constraints

    The major purpose of this chapter is to contribute to better policy-making through improvements in models studying the economic impacts of the CO2 problem, and to show ways in which economic instruments can effectively be put to use to alleviate such a problem. This approach differs in at least one major aspect from common studies of the climate change problem. We focus on the analysis, control ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • InfraSpec VFA-IR Spectrometer for Biodiesel Blend Measurements

    Synopsis: Simple, yet powerful, filter-based IR spectrometers are ideal for compliance to the new ASTM 7861 test method for accurately measuring biodiesel blend ratios. The Wilks InfraSpec analyzer was the instrument used to develop and validate this method and thus is the industry standard for field measurement of FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) blend percentages. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Comparing TGA, FTIR and fixed filter infrared analyzers for measuring soot levels in in-service lubricants

    Measuring soot in diesel engine oil has become more important as soot levels get higher due to exhaust gas recirculation. As soot isone of the key indicators for the condition of the oil, diesel engine maintenance programs performing regular soot checks can realize cost savings by extending drain periods and reducing used oil disposal. TGA (Thermal Gravimetric Analysis) is the traditional method ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Application of the EU Emissions Trading Directive

    Synthesising Member State reporting on the ETS The European Union (EU) emissions trading system (ETS) is one of the key climate policy instruments implemented in the EU to achieve its emission reductions objectives in a cost‑effective manner. The EU Emissions Trading Directive (EU, 2003, referred to hereafter as the 'EU ETS Directive'), and in particular Article 21 ...

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