fuel cell Articles

  • Biomass-fired fuel cells

    The results are presented of a techno-economic analysis of systems integrating biomass gasification plant with phosphoric acid and molten carbonate fuel cells. The cases studied relate to the generation of electricity at a scale of 500 kWe. At this level, the plant would be suitable for small-scale commercial or industrial application and would allow for the export of surplus electricity. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of a generic fuel cell model: application to a fuel cell vehicle simulation

    In this paper, a novel approach to fuel cell modelling is proposed. The model is obtained from manufacturer datasheets and is able to represent the behaviour of any hydrogen fuel cells. The simulation results are as expected with an error in the range of ±1%, provided a controlled stack internal humidity. The procedure to extract data from fuel cells datasheet is described along with the method ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards an European Fuel Cell Strategy

     Head of Unit 'Energy Consumption Technology' At the onset of the Fourth Framework Programme for Community research and technological development including demonstration, a ten year fuel cell strategy for Europe was published in 1995 jointly by DG XII (Directorate General for Science, Research and Development) and DG XVII (Directorate General for Energy). The interest of the European ...

  • Cartridge fuel cells for backup systems

    ReliOn, the provider of high reliability fuel cell solutions for backup power applications, formerly known as Avista Labs, and havePOWER, LLC, a leading fuel cell integrator for the telecommunications industry, announced that the State of Ohio has awarded havePOWER a contract for their integrated backup power solution that is built around the ReliOn fuel cell system. The integrated solution will ...

  • Fuel cell backup power in Scotland

    Plug Power Inc. has installed a GenCore® fuel cell product that is currently providing backup power to a remote cellular telecommunications tower in the United Kingdom. Plug Power is providing backup power to the remote cell tower in Elgin, Scotland, in collaboration with Orange, one of the world’s most advanced and fastest growing mobile communications companies; FDT Associates, provider of ...

  • Fuel Cell Voltage Monitoring Considerations

    Knowing what’s happening inside a fuel cell is a critical function, especially as fuel cells are continuing to be developed. One important aspect of this is to measure the voltageof each cell in a stack. Although this may sound trivial, it can be more complex and more expensive than it may at first appear due to high voltages, high channel counts,communication types, etc. There ...


    By Fuel Cells Etc

  • Are fuel cells the future for stationary power?

    Fuel cells are one solution for generating stationary power for industry and grid balancing, but they are currently not competitive with conventional generation. Marc Height has a look at the market and at new, lower-cost technology coming to the fore that could change the playing field. Input hydrogen and oxygen into a very particular box and, like magic, electricity is produced, alongside heat ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • How Many Cells do I Need in my Fuel Cell? (Simple Fuel Cell Design Guide)

    As with Electrolyzers on my previous post, there are many nuances in the optimal design of a Fuel Cell.  The proper selection depends on the application, type of fuel cell, component selection and design (MEAs, flow fields, etc.) and a host of other factors.   However, I will start with a simple tool that will help determine some ...


    By Fuel Cells Etc

  • A quick guide to oil analysis for engine test applications

    Reliability testing is a very important component of new engine development. Engineers need to fully understand and chart the engine lifetime performance under a variety of conditions before mass production may be considered. Many important performance data parameters are collected in real time through the many different types of sensors that are connected to the engine in the test cell and oil ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Anode and cathode materials characterization for a microbial fuel cell in half cell configuration

    Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are novel bioelectrochemical devices for spontaneous conversion of biomass into electricity through the metabolic activity of the bacteria. Microbial production of electricity may become an important source of bioenergy in future because MFCs offer the possibility of extracting electric current from a wide range of soluble or dissolved complex organic wastes and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Today’s fuel cell and cell phone of water and wastewater treatment

    Human waste and the health problems associated with it have been with us since the beginning of time. These problems increased at the point in history when we started using water to clean things. About 3,300 B.C., we began using it to move human waste to a different location from where it originated, further complicating the issue. Wastewater treatment didn't really begin until we started ...


  • Engineering models for fuel cell production management

    Membrane electrode assemblies are the key components of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. The future demand for this product could grow exponentially if key technical challenges are successfully addressed including low cost mass production and reliable customer order fulfilment. This study reports on a multidisciplinary team effort to formulate and apply engineering models for managing the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fuel cell technological innovation system in Iran

    This article provides an overview of innovation processes have been taken in the field of fuel cell technology (FCT) in Iran. Fuel cell technology is a generic technology with wide variety areas of application in automobile and energy production both for industrial and residential purposes and also it is expected to have a large societal impact on the future society. In this article concerning ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of nitrogen limitation on performance of a microbial fuel cell

    We describe the operation of a microbial fuel cell (MFC) system operating on a synthetic wastewater (acetic acid), under conditions of increasing nitrogen limitation. Two MFCs were operated under feed conditions which spanned a range of TKN/COD values of 1.6–28 mg/g. Stable operation was observed in all cases, even when no ammoniacal nitrogen was added to the cell. Improved electrochemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fuel cell heating appliances field tests

    The beginning of field tests with a new generation of fuel cell heating appliances (FCHAs) under the responsibility of Vaillant brings fuel cell technology for decentralized household energy supply into a new phase. The objective of testing the systems, which were developed in close cooperation with the US company Plug Power, is to examine how complexity and thus the systems' costs can be ...

  • Performance of microbial fuel cells on removal of metronidazole

    The microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are the focus of extensive investigation as one of the promising technologies for renewable energy generation and wastewater treatment. Two-chambered MFCs were designed to investigate the removal of metronidazole and to quantify the effect of antibiotic on the efficacy of energy generation. Using 1,000 mg glucose L−1 containing different concentrations of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Behaviour of Microbial Fuel Cell in a start-up phase

    A Single-Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell (SCMFC) was constructed and run in a sequential feed-and-draw cycle operation. Anaerobic mixed bacterial culture and wastewater obtained from a local municipal wastewater treatment plant were used as biocatalysts and media, respectively. The SCMFC behaviour in a start-up phase was examined using the electrical potential (voltage) profiles, and further ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An emerging approach for strategy evaluation in fuel cell development

    This is the first research paper on the topic of Taiwan fuel cell development to combine the two theoretical (AHP and FMCDM) approaches. The conclusion suggests that the priority for Taiwan to develop fuel cells are the fields of 3C electronics, power generation equipment, motorcycles and automobiles. The difficulties the industry has encountered and faced, in turn, are the technology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Why is Humidity / Moisture Control Important in a Fuel Cell?

    The root of all of this is that Nafion membranes must stay hydrated to function properly. If they are not fully humidified the conductivity decreases and therefore more of the electricity is converted directly to heat before it leaves the membrane (I2R heating). If it gets too dry it basically stops functioning as a proton transporter. ...


    By Fuel Cells Etc

  • Thermodynamic modelling of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell

    This paper presents the thermodynamic modelling of a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell at various operating conditions through energy and exergy analyses. In addition, the correlations and equations available in literature were used to determine thermodynamic irreversibilities in the PEM fuel cell at different operating conditions such as cell temperature, pressures of anode and cathode, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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