fuel cell vehicle Articles

  • Development of a generic fuel cell model: application to a fuel cell vehicle simulation

    In this paper, a novel approach to fuel cell modelling is proposed. The model is obtained from manufacturer datasheets and is able to represent the behaviour of any hydrogen fuel cells. The simulation results are as expected with an error in the range of ±1%, provided a controlled stack internal humidity. The procedure to extract data from fuel cells datasheet is described along with the method ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Strategic innovation in sustainable technology: the case of fuel cells for vehicles

    This paper explores the gap between the implied theoretical 'assumption' that development of technologies for sustainable development should be a smooth evolutionary transition and the reality of such change. Here, we identify a split between macro, long-term models of transition to greater environmental sustainability through innovation, as found in theories of ecological modernisation, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are fuel cells the future for stationary power?

    Fuel cells are one solution for generating stationary power for industry and grid balancing, but they are currently not competitive with conventional generation. Marc Height has a look at the market and at new, lower-cost technology coming to the fore that could change the playing field. Input hydrogen and oxygen into a very particular box and, like magic, electricity is produced, alongside heat ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Results of a Life Cycle Assessment Using Uncertainty Analysis of Fuel Cell Vehicles Within the South Coast Air Basin of California in 2010

    Intention, Goal, Scope, Background. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) involves some subjectivity and uncertainty, especially with new technologies and future scenarios. With the intention of analyzing the life cycle impacts of future fuel cell vehicles and fuels, the Fuel Cell Vehicle Modeling Program at the Institute of Transportation Studies developed a very robust and interesting model - the Fuel ...


  • Developments in Auxiliary Power for Vehicles

    Fuel cells are widely recognised as a technology of the future and as a potential replacement for the internal combustion engine in cars and other vehicles.This article looks at the potential for fuel cells to provide auxiliary power to vehicles, rather than primary motive power. Today, hydrogen-fuelled proton exchange membrane (PEM) type fuel cells, as illustrated in Figure 1, are being ...

  • South Africa`s fuel cell plan risks failure without support

    An ambitious strategy to create fuel cell products for export will need incentives and cross-government backing to bear fruit, says Radhika Perrot. South Africa's Department of Science & Technology (DST) has been laboriously pushing for the development of hydrogen fuel-cell technology through an ambitious ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Power management policies and control of hybrid electric vehicle

    With increasing concern over the environment and ever-stringent emission regulations, the use of hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is being investigated as an alternative form of transportation. A hybrid vehicle combines the advantages of an electric drive and an internal combustion engine. This paper proposes the necessary hardware and software needed for an effective control of the electrical part ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The technoeconomic assessment of the hydrogen fuel chain

    Options for hydrogen fuel chain are compared with the existing petroleum-based fuel chain for transportation. The criteria used are the life cycle cost (Rs/km), Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions (g/km) and Nonrenewable Energy (NRE) consumption (MJ/km). Four hydrogen production methods, one hydrogen transport method, three hydrogen storage methods and two on-board energy conversion methods are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A comparison of new technology vehicle airborne emissions and energy usage

    This paper examines electric, hybrid electric and fuel cell electric vehicles. Comparisons have been made with the EURO I and EURO IV gasoline car, for the year 2005, on the basis of energy usage and airborne pollutants, generated both at the point of use and over the whole energy cycle. The study shows that on average, across EU15 countries, the electric vehicle will generate much reduced ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects of biofuels vs. other new vehicle technologies on air pollution, global warming, land use and water

    The use of biofuels, particularly ethanol, has expanded in the last few years based significantly on the premise that biofuels replacing fossil fuels may reduce global warming and air pollution problems. While this claim is still being debated, the real comparison should be between biofuels and other emerging technologies. It is found here that both corn-E85 (85% ethanol/15% gasoline) and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • China awakes to clean transportation

    In the following months and at least until the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008, Chinese roads and cities, particularly in Beijing and Shanghai, will be a choice testing ground for different types of clean individual and collective low-pollution vehicles, such as fuel cell, hybrid and electric vehicles. We already knew that hybrid microturbine buses were to be road tested in China. Now ...

  • Evaluating advanced automotive energy technologies: a multivariate mobility contribution metric

    Mobility technology is beginning to shift from gasoline-fuelled, internal combustion engines to a variety of alternate fuels and powertrains, including hybrid and fuel cell vehicles. The benefits and/or limitations of many of these technologies are not well characterised by a simple fuel economy metric: mobility is a complex system requiring a multivariate systems measure, especially ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The impact of national environmental policy on the global success of next-generation automobiles

    In this paper, we identify the most crucial factors of the potential world market success of alternative car designs: fuel cell vehicles (FCVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and conventional fuel efficient vehicles (FEVs). We assess which vehicle concept is favoured under which regulation regime. We suggest that the global success of a certain technology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Potential of hydrogen production from organic Urban Solid Waste fermentation in Mexico

    Mexico generated 35.4 million tons of urban solid wastes in 2005 of which 51% were organic ones. This biomass can be fermented into H2 when H2-based technologies increase their market penetration for the year 2020. The purpose of this work was to review studies that have utilised organic solid wastes for fermentative H2 production and to evaluate the potential for Mexico. The experimental H2 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coming In Out of the Cold: Hybrids Put to the Test

    Untitled Document Point Roberts, WA, Delta B.C.- May 25, 2004 With gas prices reaching an all time high and not much promise of an end in sight, hybrid technology is falling under the lens of some careful ...


    By Investor Ideas Inc

  • The hydrogen loop: the means for making the hydrogen economy realistic

    The hydrogen economy has already started with the introduction of the Ovonic nickel metal hydride battery, which has enabled the rapid growth of hybrid vehicles. Reversible storage of hydrogen in a solid hydride permits the entire loop of hydrogen generation, storage and use, all of which have been placed some time in the future. It is often stated that the hydrogen infrastructure does not exist ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • California bolsters reputation as clean transportation vanguard

    California released its ambitious Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Action Plan last month, aimed at accelerating the market for ZEVs as part of the state's long-term transportation strategy. The Action Plan will assist California in meeting milestones set out in a 2012 Executive Order, principally having 1.5 million ZEVs on the state's roads by 2025, including hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles and ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Hydrogen storage systems for automotive applications: project StorHy

    Around two thirds of world's oil usage is associated with transportation with road vehicles consuming around 40%. Also, transportation accounts for around 25% of greenhouse emissions worldwide, with around 90% coming from road vehicles. This situation is further complicated by the fact that oil reserves are running out. For this reason, the automotive industry supported by relevant governing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Automobile technology, hydrogen and climate change: a long term modelling analysis

    The transitions in the global automobile sector in the 21st century are uncertain both in terms of technologies and energy carriers. A key driving force of technological change in the long term could be the need to mitigate GHG emissions. This paper examines the role of the passenger car sector in a GHG mitigation strategy and presents a scenario of the automobile technology choices when a price ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Designing a sustainable hydrogen energy economy

    A general vision of a sustainable energy economy relying substantially on hydrogen produced from renewables is sketched as a potential solution to the twin global crises of climate change and depleting oil reserves. Core differences between this 'sustainable hydrogen economy' (SHE) and the original hydrogen economy (HE) proposed in the early 1970s are discussed. In transport, rather than posing a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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