fuel efficiency directive Articles

  • Hydrogen-diesel dual fuel combustion in a direct injection diesel engine

    Hydrogen is expected to be one of the most important fuels in the near future to meet the stringent emission norms. Hence in the present study, the combustion of hydrogen-diesel duel fuelled engine was investigated. Hydrogen was injected in the intake port during the suction stroke and diesel was injected inside the combustion chamber near TDC. The start of injection for hydrogen was maintained ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energy directives update

    December 2008 has seen the agreement of a significant range of new energy and climate change measures by EU ministers. The EU Energy & Climate Change Package, as agreed 17th December 2008, includes; Energy Efficiency, EU ETS Phase III, Effort-sharing in non-EU ETS sectors, Renewable Energy, Fuel Quality and Carbon Capture & Storage. However, not all Directives were new or were changed, some were ...

  • Fuel Homogenization

    The structure of the financial expenses of automotive businesses and boiler plants is quite varied, though it still allows to identify the main expenditures. First of all, it is the fuel, which accounts for no less than 40% of all costs. Fuel homogenization devices are designed to increase the quality of combustion, thereby saving resources. Homogenized fuel features good performance, ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Effects of rapeseed oil addition to a diesel fuel on thermodynamic efficiencies

    This paper presents a comparative energy and exergy analyses of a six–cylinder, four–stroke, direct injection diesel engine using diesel fuel and its mixture with rapeseed oil. Engine was used to obtain the experimental data at full–load conditions for constant 2100 rpm speed. It was found that the first– and second–law efficiencies were increased with biodiesel addition. On the other hand, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New Fuel Efficiency Standards for Heavy-Duty Vehicles Are a “Win-Win-Win”

    America’s vehicles are on the road to becoming cleaner. Last week, President Obama directed his administration to set new fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for medium- and ...

  • EC explains its proposed new directive on cutting fuel consumption in road vehicles

    The Commission's revised proposal for a Directive on the promotion of clean and energy efficient road transport vehicles introduces sustainable economics into public procurement of vehicles and transport services. Public authorities will use criteria for lifetime costs for energy consumption, CO2 emissions and pollutant emissions when they procure vehicles. A harmonised methodology will be ...

  • Background: EU electricity and gas directives

    3.rd Energy Market Package, proposed September 2007 September 2007 the EU Commission proposed a revision of the electricity and gas market directives with amendmets of the directives on electricity and gas markets and the directives on cross-border trade of electricity and gas. The main changes are that all countries must have independant regulators of the electricity and gas markets, that these ...

  • Certain requirements for fuel blending

    Fuel, as well as all products, has certain requirements: it shouldn’t change the structure during the transporting and storage, to cause a deposit and gumming on engine parts, to intensify corrosion processes, to have the increased toxicity. Operation reliability of any engine, its capacity, durability, toxicity of exhaust in many respects depends on fuel quality. Commodity gasoline ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Certain requirements for fuel blending

    Fuel, as well as all products, has certain requirements: it shouldn’t change the structure during the transporting and storage, to cause a deposit and gumming on engine parts, to intensify corrosion processes, to have the increased toxicity. Operation reliability of any engine, its capacity, durability, toxicity of exhaust in many respects depends on fuel quality. Commodity gasoline ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Effect of reforming on the overall efficiency of a solid oxide fuel-cell based power plant system fed by methane

    In the present work, energy and exergy system analysis are used to estimate the thermodynamic performance of a SOFC system fuelled by methane. More precisely, the present work examines in detail the influence of the presence or absence of the reformer within the whole apparatus and the consequent energy and exergy losses due to the reforming process. It was found that the exergetic efficiency for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Direct fired thermal oxidizer - Aluminum manufacturer

    Epcon has extensive experience in designing and building Air Pollution Control Systems for the Aluminum Industry. The Problem The company had a direct fired afterburner and a gas fired rotary kiln. The kiln would de-oil the aluminum scrap and the offgas would go to the afterburner. The design of the system was over 20 years old and very fuel ineffficient.   ...


    By Epcon Industrial Systems, LP

  • Energy efficiency and emission reduction of TPM, PM2.5, and SO2 from natural gas and fuel oil fired boiler exhausts

    Fully 8% of all of Canada’s energy consumption occurs in gas and fuel oil fired boilers in commercial and institutional facilities1, with proportional amounts of greenhouse gases, particulate matter, and other pollutants. Recently particulate matter, and in particular that smaller than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) has garnered specific attention due to attributed health effects as demonstrated by ...

  • Development of decision support system to select the best fuel blend in IC engines to enhance the energy efficiency

    This paper describes an application of hybrid MCDM technique for the selection of optimum blend in fish oil biodiesel among the six alternative fuel blends diesel, B20, B40, B60, B80 and B100 which is prepared by varying the amount of diesel with biodiesel. Brake thermal efficiency (BTE), exhaust gas temperature (EGT), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), smoke, hydrocarbon (HC), carbon ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Direct-vision lorries to save hundreds of lives – study

    An 80cm longer cab with a rounded nose, smaller dashboard, expanded glazed areas and a slightly lower driver position could drastically reduce fatal blind spots [1] around the lorry cab, a new study by the Loughborough Design School [2] reveals. The ‘Direct Vision’ lorry concept would ...

  • The direct and indirect impacts of EU policies on land

    The 2011 Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe states, in its milestone of actions to address land as a resource, that 'By 2020, EU policies take into account their direct and indirect impact on land use in the EU and globally …' (EC, 2011d). This report presents a methodology for the assessment of European Union (EU) policies in terms of their land-related implications in Europe and ...

  • Additives mixing effect fuel consumption

    Additives are an instrument of fuel operational development properties which can’t be provided with the previous stages of fuel producing. They lead to product correction, instead of participate in the main method of production. Their efficiency is caused by chemical structure, structure of a basic base, mutual influence and additives mixing process. Improvers which affect some parameters ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Efficient steam production in paper mills

    The paper and pulp industry is an energy and emission intensive industry. Steam is an essential part of the paper making process with steam boilers, steam distribution systems and other processes accounting for a large percentage of a paper mill’s energy costs. Useful energy is often lost from boilers and process equipment such as heat exchangers, dryers, evaporators etc, as well as from ...

  • The 14 best states for energy efficiency

    Once a “token gesture,” energy efficiency is now increasingly becoming a “first fuel” — the resource utilities seek before any other, even before renewable energy or other in-favor generation sources. So says the report, “Meeting Aggressive New State Goals for Utility-Sector Energy Efficiency: Examining Key Factors Associated with High Savings,” issued today by the American Council for an ...

  • Assessing Feasibility of Direct Drive Technology for Energy Recovery from Digester Biogas

    ABSTRACTThe Regional Municipality of Waterloo completed a study, with support from Environment Canada, to evaluate the feasibility of using direct drive technology to recover energy from digester biogas. The study identified that a 150 HP engine, operating at 54 % load, could be supported by the estimated gas production of 1560 m3/d with 63 % methane by volume. ...

  • Pragmatic Efficiency Limits for Internal Combustion Engines

    This article gives an overview of the thermodynamic principles demonstrating that the maximum efficiency theoretically possible with a hydrocarbon fueled internal combustion engine is one hundred percent. From this basis the focus turns to articulating irreversibilities that naturally occur within the processes of converting the chemical energy in the fuel into shaft work. These losses are ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

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