fuel efficiency directive Articles

  • Energy directives update

    December 2008 has seen the agreement of a significant range of new energy and climate change measures by EU ministers. The EU Energy & Climate Change Package, as agreed 17th December 2008, includes; Energy Efficiency, EU ETS Phase III, Effort-sharing in non-EU ETS sectors, Renewable Energy, Fuel Quality and Carbon Capture & Storage. However, not all Directives were new or were changed, some were ...

  • Fuel Homogenization

    The structure of the financial expenses of automotive businesses and boiler plants is quite varied, though it still allows to identify the main expenditures. First of all, it is the fuel, which accounts for no less than 40% of all costs. Fuel homogenization devices are designed to increase the quality of combustion, thereby saving resources. Homogenized fuel features good performance, ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • New Fuel Efficiency Standards for Heavy-Duty Vehicles Are a “Win-Win-Win”

    America’s vehicles are on the road to becoming cleaner. Last week, President Obama directed his administration to set new fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for medium- and ...

  • EC explains its proposed new directive on cutting fuel consumption in road vehicles

    The Commission's revised proposal for a Directive on the promotion of clean and energy efficient road transport vehicles introduces sustainable economics into public procurement of vehicles and transport services. Public authorities will use criteria for lifetime costs for energy consumption, CO2 emissions and pollutant emissions when they procure vehicles. A harmonised methodology will be ...

  • Background: EU electricity and gas directives

    3.rd Energy Market Package, proposed September 2007 September 2007 the EU Commission proposed a revision of the electricity and gas market directives with amendmets of the directives on electricity and gas markets and the directives on cross-border trade of electricity and gas. The main changes are that all countries must have independant regulators of the electricity and gas markets, that these ...

  • Certain requirements for fuel blending

    Fuel, as well as all products, has certain requirements: it shouldn’t change the structure during the transporting and storage, to cause a deposit and gumming on engine parts, to intensify corrosion processes, to have the increased toxicity. Operation reliability of any engine, its capacity, durability, toxicity of exhaust in many respects depends on fuel quality. Commodity gasoline ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Certain requirements for fuel blending

    Fuel, as well as all products, has certain requirements: it shouldn’t change the structure during the transporting and storage, to cause a deposit and gumming on engine parts, to intensify corrosion processes, to have the increased toxicity. Operation reliability of any engine, its capacity, durability, toxicity of exhaust in many respects depends on fuel quality. Commodity gasoline ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Effect of reforming on the overall efficiency of a solid oxide fuel-cell based power plant system fed by methane

    In the present work, energy and exergy system analysis are used to estimate the thermodynamic performance of a SOFC system fuelled by methane. More precisely, the present work examines in detail the influence of the presence or absence of the reformer within the whole apparatus and the consequent energy and exergy losses due to the reforming process. It was found that the exergetic efficiency for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energy efficiency and emission reduction of TPM, PM2.5, and SO2 from natural gas and fuel oil fired boiler exhausts

    Fully 8% of all of Canada’s energy consumption occurs in gas and fuel oil fired boilers in commercial and institutional facilities1, with proportional amounts of greenhouse gases, particulate matter, and other pollutants. Recently particulate matter, and in particular that smaller than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) has garnered specific attention due to attributed health effects as demonstrated by ...

  • Direct fired thermal oxidizer - Aluminum manufacturer

    Epcon has extensive experience in designing and building Air Pollution Control Systems for the Aluminum Industry. The Problem The company had a direct fired afterburner and a gas fired rotary kiln. The kiln would de-oil the aluminum scrap and the offgas would go to the afterburner. The design of the system was over 20 years old and very fuel ineffficient.   ...


    By Epcon Industrial Systems, LP

  • Direct-vision lorries to save hundreds of lives – study

    An 80cm longer cab with a rounded nose, smaller dashboard, expanded glazed areas and a slightly lower driver position could drastically reduce fatal blind spots [1] around the lorry cab, a new study by the Loughborough Design School [2] reveals. The ‘Direct Vision’ lorry concept would ...

  • The direct and indirect impacts of EU policies on land

    The 2011 Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe states, in its milestone of actions to address land as a resource, that 'By 2020, EU policies take into account their direct and indirect impact on land use in the EU and globally …' (EC, 2011d). This report presents a methodology for the assessment of European Union (EU) policies in terms of their land-related implications in Europe and ...

  • Additives mixing effect fuel consumption

    Additives are an instrument of fuel operational development properties which can’t be provided with the previous stages of fuel producing. They lead to product correction, instead of participate in the main method of production. Their efficiency is caused by chemical structure, structure of a basic base, mutual influence and additives mixing process. Improvers which affect some parameters ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Efficient steam production in paper mills

    The paper and pulp industry is an energy and emission intensive industry. Steam is an essential part of the paper making process with steam boilers, steam distribution systems and other processes accounting for a large percentage of a paper mill’s energy costs. Useful energy is often lost from boilers and process equipment such as heat exchangers, dryers, evaporators etc, as well as from ...

  • Pragmatic Efficiency Limits for Internal Combustion Engines

    This article gives an overview of the thermodynamic principles demonstrating that the maximum efficiency theoretically possible with a hydrocarbon fueled internal combustion engine is one hundred percent. From this basis the focus turns to articulating irreversibilities that naturally occur within the processes of converting the chemical energy in the fuel into shaft work. These losses are ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Oil shale is not a viable fuel source - Study

    While many are celebrating the end of the 'Peak Oil' concerns because of abundent new sources of oil in shale deposits, a true accounting for all economic and environmental costs to exploit this energy source suggests it may not be a viable proposition at all. Scientists' best estimates of the Energy Return on Investment (EROI) of oil shale suggest it is very inefficient compared to conventional ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Study Charts a Future for Waste-Derived Fuels

    Pointers to possible future EU policy initiatives to give co-incineration facilities burning waste-derived fuels a strategic role in waste management have emerged in a study for the European Commission.1 The report suggests a policy focus on promoting source separation of municipal wastes, active discouragement of mass burn incinerators, and a levelling of the regulatory playing-field for ...

  • Workshop Proceedings: QUOVADIS Waste-to-Fuel Conversion? A Thinkshop

    Waste incineration practices are currently being diversified and optimised in terms of the efficiency of the recovery of the energy embedded in the waste. One of these tendencies is the conversion of non-hazardous waste into an adequate form for utilisation in an efficient combustion process. The fact that Directive 2000/76/EC on the incineration of waste (WID) now covers both incineration and ...


  • Refuse Derived Fuel, Current Practice and Perspectives

    Untitled Document Summary I OBJECTIVES The objectives of the project were to undertake a survey on the current ...

  • How to Optimize Oxidation Systems for Efficient Operation

    Emphasis on air management within converting-process dryers and ovens is critical to the design of pollution-control systems for treating exhausts containing VOCs (volatile organic compounds). Efficient air management allows the pollution-control system to be optimally sized to meet the needs of the process. Good process control further defines the emission stream by avoiding the need for large ...


    By Babcock & Wilcox MEGTEC LLC

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