furan analysis Articles

  • Dioxins and Furans on the Equity-5

    Dioxins and furans are byproducts of several different industrial processes, including incineration and paper bleaching. The extreme toxicity of several of these compounds has made their analysis in environmental samples increasingly important. In this application, the 60m x 0.25mm ID x 0.25µm Equity-5 was used to separate all 17 of the 2,3,7,8-substituted PCDDs and PCDFs listed in US EPA ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • An incinerator air quality impact assessment for metals, PAH, dioxins and furans by using the MM5-CMAQ-EMIMO atmospheric modelling system: Spain case study

    In this paper, we show the implementation of a modified version of MM5-CMAQ for carrying out an air quality impact analysis for installing an incinerator in the Basque Country model domain (Spain). The modified CMAQ model (EPA USA, 2004) includes Poly-Chlorinated Dibenzop-Dioxins and Dibenzo-Furans (dioxins and furans). This model represents their congeners as divided between gaseous and aerosol ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Endocrine disrupting, mutagenic, and teratogenic effects of upper Danube River sediments using effect‐directed analysis

    Effect‐directed analysis (EDA) can be useful in identifying and evaluating potential toxic chemicals in matrixes. Previous investigations of extracts of sediments from the upper Danube River in Germany revealed acute nonspecific and mechanism‐specific toxicity as determined by several bioassays. In the present study, EDA was used to further characterize these sediments and identify groups of ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Car Engines Air Filters. A Useful Ambient Air Sampler and/or a Possible Hazardous Waste?

    Car-engine air filters (CAFs) have been recently used as inexpensive alternative air sampling media for hydrophobic organic compounds such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans and also for heavy metals. This “active-passive” sampling methodology is a promising way for urban air monitoring, being able to offer invaluable advantages. Two ...

  • A High-Performance Base-Metal Approach for the Oxidative Esterification of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural

    Exploring high-performance base-metal approaches for the sustainable production of chemicals from biomass is presently attracting immense interest and is truly important to promote their industrialized application. Herein, CoOx-N/C and α-MnO2 were combined as a base-metal catalyst that can achieve high yields of furan-2,5-dimethylcarboxylate (FDMC, 95.6 %) for ...


    By SusChem

  • Simulating the uncertain effect of active carbon capping of a dioxin polluted Norwegian fjord

    Process‐based multimedia models are frequently utilized to simulate the long‐term impacts of pollutants and to evaluate potential remediation actions that can be put in place to improve or manage polluted marine environments. Many such models are detailed enough to encapsulate the different scales and processes relevant for various contaminants, yet still are tractable enough for analysis ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Contaminant exposure of birds nesting in Green Bay, Wisconsin

    In earlier studies, elevated polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) and p,p'‐dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) concentrations were reported in double‐crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) eggs and tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) eggs and nestlings collected from lower Green Bay in 1994 and 1995 and black‐crowned night‐heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) eggs collected in 1991. Comparable samples ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe

    This European Environment Agency (EEA) report assesses the damage costs to health and the environment resulting from pollutants emitted from industrial facilities. It is based on the latest information, namely for 2009, publicly available through the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR, 2011) in line with the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Aarhus ...

  • Composition and Contaminant Loads of Residual Household Waste Part III: Physico-Chemical Properties and Contaminant Concentrations

    Abstract. Physico-chemical properties of residual waste are key factors for disposal standards. Reliable input data for treatment plants (MSWI) need to consider the heterogeneity and variability of waste composition. This requires thoroughly designed sampling schemes, a consistent separation of bulk waste into uniform fractions, and adequate methods for sample preparation and analysis. The ...


    By Oracle Crystal Ball GBU

  • New boiler MACT and affiliated rules proposed

    EPA proposed three related rules (with final rules expected by December 16, 2010), intended to reduce the emission of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) from industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters as well as commercial and industrial solid waste incinerators. Simultaneously, it also proposed a definition of solid waste that could potentially affect some units currently ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Survey on Existing Sample Archives For The Assessment of Time Trends of Pollutants in The Environment of New EU Member States and Candidate Countries

    Foreword Potentially high levels of chemical pollution in the EU+10 compared to the EU 15 Member States generate concern on the environmental status of the former. Especially contaminations in the agro-environment of the new EU MS may result in an increase of the overall human exposure in the enlarged EU. First attempts to collect concrete data on polychlorinated dioxins (PCDDs), -furans ...


  • Monitoring - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Sources of PCDDs/PCDFs In Cement Kiln Emissions

    Abstract This paper presents data on the source of PCDDs/PCDFs in cement plant stack emissions, demonstrating that these emissions are not necessarily all created by the process. The data potentially demonstrates that some of the PCDDs/PCDFs in the emissions are pre-existing dioxins and furans that are vaporized out of the kiln raw feed. This calls into question the assumption that PCDD/PCDF ...


  • EPA proposes updates to CISWI rules

    On June 4, 2010, the U.S. EPA proposed updates to the Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources (NSPS) for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration (CISWI) Units (NSPS Subpart CCCC) and Emission Guidelines (EG) for Existing CISWI Units (EG Subpart DDDD), collectively referred to as the "CISWI Rules." In order to describe the proposed updates to the CISWI Rules, it is necessary ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • EPA Proposed “Franken-MACT” for Utilities

    EPA published the highly anticipated proposed Maximum Available Control Technology (MACT) Standard for the utility sector (40 CFR 63 Subpart UUUUU). When considered together with the growing list of proposed and final rules impacting the utility sector (Transport Rule/Cross-State Rule, Coal Combustion Byproducts Rule, Cooling Water Intake Rule, Regional Haze Rule, revised National Ambient Air ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Proposed boiler MACT sets aggressive emission limits

    On June 4, 2010, U.S. EPA proposed National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions.  EPA proposed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Standard Chlorine of Delaware Remediation

    By designing a 70-foot deep barrier wall, Black & Veatch was able to cut off contaminant source areas from a creek near New Castle, Delaware. The groundwater treatment system that Black & Veatch designed prevents site contamination from reaching the underlying drinking water aquifer. The Standard Chlorine of Delaware Site is a 65 acre area including an abandoned chlorobenzene ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • EPA finalizes boiler NESHAP

    EPA published the final National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions. EPA developed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater than 25 tpy of ...


    By Trinity Consultants

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