gamma water contamination Articles

  • Virus contamination from operation and maintenance events in small drinking water distribution systems

    We tested the association of common events in drinking water distribution systems with contamination of household tap water with human enteric viruses. Viruses were enumerated by qPCR in the tap water of 14 municipal systems that use non-disinfected groundwater. Ultraviolet disinfection was installed at all active wellheads to reduce virus contributions from groundwater to the distribution ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Efficacy of Advanced Oxidation Processes for Elimination of Objectionable Contaminants from Wastewater Effluent

     ABSTRACT Increasing demand for reclaimed water from wastewater treatment facilities has revolutionized the need for awareness of effluent quality and its properties. Wastewater can be made suitable for many reuse applications. Many of these applications for reclaimed water in industry, agriculture, and other beneficial uses have required stricter controls on the effluent quality from ...

  • Safety in Drinking Water? Monitoring for Radioactive ContaminantsOnly Required Every Three, Six, or Nine Years per Federal Law

    Current federal law requires testing of drinking water for radionuclides, “hazardous radioactive materials” every three, six, or nine years. The states have the option to increase testing frequency. [Federal Register Year 2000; page 76746. http://www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/retrieve.html] An incident of terrorism, accident, or improper disposal ...


    By Technical Associates

  • Radioactive Clean-up

    Radioactive, nuclear, or radiation clean-up is considered as the most dangerous, difficult, and costly remediation activity after a nuclear disaster or accident.  The contamination may be found in the air, water, and soil, as wells as equipment and buildings (USEPA, 2010). Radioactive material is unstable, while the nuclei of radioactive atoms emit ionizing radiation (i.e., alpha ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Radiological safety and environmental monitoring aspects of mining and processing of uranium ore at Jaduguda, India

    Low–grade uranium ore is mined and processed in India since the early 1970s. To adhere to the regulatory compliance monitoring of external gamma level, radon and long–lived alpha activity of ore dust is carried out in uranium mines. Apart from this, surface contamination is also monitored in radiologically important areas of ore processing plant. Exposure of occupational workers is evaluated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radioactive Clean-up

    Radioactive, nuclear, or radiation clean-up is considered the most dangerous, difficult, and costly remediation activity after a nuclear disaster or accident.  The contamination may be found in the air, water, and soil, as wells as equipment and buildings (USEPA, 2010).Radioactive material, unlike most matter, is inherently unstable. Over time, the nuclei of radioactive atoms emit what's ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Borehole logging case study

    Corozal, Puerto Rico GeoView was tasked to conduct borehole geophysical logging of at a groundwater extraction well in the rural area of the Municipality of Corozal, Puerto Rico. Prior groundwater tests indicated possible contamination of the groundwater. The study area was primarily underlain by stratified, mostly dark gray basaltic tuff, andesite and basalt porphyry rocks assigned to ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • EPA 2009 Protective Action Guideline Levels

    WE HAVE BEEN WAITING SINCE 1992 THE Old Document: In 1992 the EPA published its Manual of Protective Action Guides and Protective Actions ...


    By Technical Associates

  • Properties and Behavior of Radionuclides

    For the purposes of this document, radionuclides should be considered to have properties similar to those of other heavy metals.This does not imply that all radionuclides are heavy metals, but that the majority of sites requiring remediation of radioactively contaminated materials are contaminated with radionuclides that have similar properties. Like metals, the contaminants of concern are ...

  • Quantitative Uncertainty Analysis of Superfund Residential Risk Pathway Models for Soil and Groundwater: White Paper

    1. INTRODUCTIONThe quantitative assessment of uncertainties in the exposure parameters for the individual exposure pathways provides considerable information about the variability and sensitivity of the calculated results. These results are important because point estimates of these parameters are used to determine the extent of remediation necessary through the Superfund process. The point ...


    By Oracle Crystal Ball GBU

  • How to treat radioactive NORM sludge with VacuDry

    NORM doesn’t sound like a big thing. But Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material might let the alarm bells ring. Everyone has heard of “radioactive material” and that sounds dangerous. However, most of this material is trapped deep in the ground beneath our feet. From there it reaches the surface, for example via the water cycle. Another possible pathway for NORM to reach the ...


    By econ industries GmbH

  • Interviews: Ken Buesseler, Researcher into marine discharges at Fukushima

    We as scientists do have a responsibility and I hope to be able to contribute in some way“ Ken Buesseler, researcher at the Wood Hoods Oceanographic Institute is investigating the radioactivity leaked from the Fukushima nuclear power station, initially from data facilitated by the TEPCO (Tokyo Electric Power Company) and then from samples gathered in situ. He believes that official bodies ...

  • Air filtration applications for membranes

    Given their unique performance attributes membranes are finding use in a growing number of high efficiency air filtration applications. One example is in respirators and personal protective equipment. Applications where intense physical demands and risk of exposure to harmful contaminants are present demand the high efficiency / low pressure drop combination of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene ...

  • Ionising Radiation

    Introduction The energy level of some types of radiation is high enough so that when they interact with matter they cause the formation of electrically charged particles or ion-pairs and break molecular bonds. These so-called ionising radiations are by their nature potentially harmful to life; at high doses they can be lethal and at lower doses can cause genetic damage. Ionising radiation occurs ...

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