gas flaring Articles

  • Assist Gas Measurement in Flare Stacks

    The Customer The company manufactures solvents, polymers and intermediary chemicals. These products are sold worldwide and are used in the production of automobile interiors, steering wheels, paints, tires, adhesives, furniture, cosmetics and many other consumer and industrial products. The Process The Company’s site is large, thousands of acres, ...

  • Refinery flare gas H2S removal

    A major Gulf Coast refinery was searching for a solution to reduce flare gas SO2 that was resulting from very high H2S concentrations during periodic venting events. Original considerations were limited to very costly upstream equipment changes or a sulphur recovery unit, all costing tens of millions of dollars. Macrotek was contracted to design and build a cost-effective H2S ...


    By Macrotek Inc.

  • Modelling industrial flares impacts

    This document introduces a new software to estimate the atmospheric impact of industrial flares. The software allows to design stacks with correct height and diameter in order to minimise risks for workers and nearby structures. It also allows to estimate the thermal impact and acoustic impact of existing or future flares. Flame tilting due to the wind speed can be modelled with a simple ...


    By Enviroware s.r.l.

  • Development of Low noise landfill gas flare

    Summary: Increasing requirements of the environmental standards and planning permission conditions create more challenges to the equipment providers. Environment Agency guidance demands low emission levels and local planners put low noise levels in their conditions for landfill sites. Achieving both at the same time with conventional equipment was found problematic. Biogas Technology has ...


    By Biogas Technology Limited

  • Performance of the low-emission flare

    Job report / Elbisgraben (Bale / Switzerland) The summer of 1992 had finally arrived. The 5MW low emission furnace in the district heating station Liestal was ignited, supplied with landfill gas from Elbisgraben landfill. Since then the plant has been running continuously and the comprehensive measurements taken, verify that all targets aimed at have been achieved: plant ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • EPA Eyes Flare Operations

    Control of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in the natural gas and petrochemical industries is going to be more complex than ever in the wake of a recent EPA settlement with a major oil company focused on flare operations. The implications of the this settlement and the VOC emissions study are sure to be far-reaching, likely reducing the use of flares as control devices and increasing the cost of ...

  • Replacing of mechanical compressors by gas ejectors in flare gas recovery systems

    One of the main concerns of humankind in this century is the global warming induced by the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. A promising process for controlling the atmospheric CO2 level is prevention of combustion in flares causing high losses of raw material and energy that could generate more desired products. In the present work, a flare gas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Greenstars portable monitoring for CHP and flares

    Greenstar’s award-winning KTK landfill site in Kilcullen, Co. Kildare, is unusual in Ireland in that it has three gas engines feeding electricity to the grid and two flares. In Ireland, while flaring is common, engines are not. The flares are run in tandem with engines so that if an engine is ramped down for repair or service, the flare ramps up automatically. All are supplied by 122 ...


    By Geotech

  • 1:60 Control Range with Flare

    Type     HOFGAS®- LPM 3000/2500  Performance     2,500 Nm³/h, 12,500 kW Location     Central England (GB) Initial Situation The landfill site is situated in the middle of the Sheffield region. Over time, the city limits and the landfill site have grown together. Therefore, the operator is particularly ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Gas flaring in developing countries – need for kyoto mechanisms or sectoral crediting mechanisms?

    Gas flaring is a phenomenon that is wasteful in terms of valuable resources as well as a contributor to global GHG emissions, and occurs mostly in developing countries. It can only be mitigated through long-term and strategic investments, involving a myriad of stakeholders. A crediting mechanism could be seen as a starting point to create incentives for both private and public parties to build ...

  • Measurement of Sulfur in Refinery Flare Gas Streams for Compliance with EPA SubpartJ(a) Regulations

    The Challenge Measurement of high range and low range H,S in refinery flare gas streams for compliance with EPA regulation NSPS Subpart J(a). The rule has placed an extra investment and operational burden on petroleum refineries to meet the regulatory requirement. AMETEK offers an economical solution to meet the challenge with an emphasis on lower capital and operating cost along with ...

  • Hofstetter high temperature flares in Brazil (CO2 certificates)

    Type      HOFGAS®- Efficiency 2500 (2x)  Commissioning      2003 Site      Bandeirantes(Saõ Paulo, BR)    Situation The landfill of Saõ Paulo, the largest city in South America, extends over 140 ha. For a period of 4 more years several thousands tons of waste will be deposited. The power ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Greenstars portable monitoring for CHP and flares case study

    Greenstar's award-winning KTK landfill site in Kilcullen, Co. Kildare, is unusual in Ireland in that it has three gas engines feeding electricity to the grid and two flares. In Ireland, while flaring is common, engines are not. The flares are run in tandem with engines so that if an engine is ramped down for repair or service, the flare ramps up automatically. All are supplied by 122 landfill gas ...


    By Geotech

  • Case study - Biomass generation facility replaces flare

    A southeast-based Biomass Generation facility was interested in improving their current process to meet California’s increasingly stringent air emission requirements. At the time, a flare was being used to oxidize the off-gases from various production processes and storage containers. Catalytic Products International developed a solution that utilized the capabilities of the VECTOR ...

  • 5000Nm3/h HT Flares in Sao João, Brazil

    Type      HOFGAS®-Efficiency 5000 Performance     3x 5,000 Nm3/h, 75,000 KW Location     Sao João (BR) Technical requirements Surplus combustion of 15,000 Nm3/h landfill gasCompliance with the UNFCCC regulationsHigh temperature combustion at 1,000-1,200°CHolding time ≥ ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Flare Operations Changes Come From Study Findings

    EPA announced that it had reached a settlement agreement with Marathon Petroleum Company (Marathon) regarding allegations of Clean Air Act violations at Marathon’s Texas City and Detroit refineries. EPA developed the evidence by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) showing that several of Marathon’s flares were not controlling VOC emissions sufficiently, ...

  • Evaluating gas-flaring-related carbon emission performance in the Nigerian upstream sector: a comparison of duo methods

    This paper uses DEA-based and non-DEA-based environmental performance measurement methods to develop and evaluate gas-flaring-related carbon emission performance indexes for dominant companies in the Nigerian upstream sector. The study relies on empirical data collected from the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation’s Annual Statistical Bulletins. Indexes developed from the two methods are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - LFG pumping trials with Automatic Flare Systems (AFS)

    Application Landfill gas Equipment GA3000 Location United Kingdom Customer Automatic Flare Systems (AFS) Requirement Managing director at AFS, Steve Willacy said, “We want continuous landfill gas monitoring and analysis and to use a data logger to ...


    By Geotech

  • Up in Smoke – How the climate and our health suffer from flaring

    It’s like burning banknotes. Latest statistics from the World Bank (WB) indicate that the amount of gas flared each year is enough energy to supply electricity to several small countries or many millions of households. The flaring of 140 billion cubic metres (bcm) a year releases large quantities of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere – and that is not only bad news for the climate, ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Extended exergy accounting applied to the flaring practice in oil fields

    An original procedure based on the Extended Exergy Accounting method is described and implemented in this paper. The goal is the quantification of the environmental externality linked to the chemical pollutants released by an elevated flare stack (SOx and NOx). The extended exergy calculations provide a measure of both the exergy flux ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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