gas flow measurement Articles

  • Direct Mass Flow or Volumetric: The Thermal Flow Meter Technology Advantage!

    In today’s world where everyone is watching the bottom line, you need high performance, cost-effective instrumentation—and capillary thermal mass flow meters and controllers have been proven to meet this criteria in a wide range of process applications. Thermal mass flow technology is an industry standard for mass flow control of gases because it measures flow directly, at the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Reducing Costs of Steam Flow Measurement

    Traditionally, steam flow has been measured with a differential pressure device. This is typically an orifice plate. However, such devices are inherently volumetric flow measurements. As we have discussed in previous blog posts, changes in pressure and temperature ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Measuring of landfill gas production

    Type     HOFGAS®- Smarty S  Commissioning     2002 Site     Nurmijärvi (FI) Situation An accurate estimation of the landfill gas production will support the operator at the Nurmijärvi landfill site in planning the final gas collection and degassing system. A mobile degassing plant was installed to measure the quantity ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Measuring and interpreting gas flow from landfill boreholes case study

    Current landfill gas measurement practice for measuring the gas composition is well understood, and there are standard procedures and instruments available to analyse the gas. It is also current recognised practice to measure the gas 'flow' from boreholes to monitor the production of gas in a landfill site. If care is taken to make the measurement in the same way each time, changes in the ...


    By Geotech

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the chemical industry

    Today's chemical plants facc escalating costs and tightening EPA control requirements. Sierra thermal mass flow meters provide the precise, useful data plants need. They can make a significant difference in all the following applications: Greater Control of Gas Flow to Batch Reactors The flow rate of gas to a batch reaction process often varies. The reac- tion rate is high at the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Assist Gas Measurement in Flare Stacks

    The Customer The company manufactures solvents, polymers and intermediary chemicals. These products are sold worldwide and are used in the production of automobile interiors, steering wheels, paints, tires, adhesives, furniture, cosmetics and many other consumer and industrial products. The Process The Company’s site is large, thousands of acres, ...

  • Green Energy Applications Guide to Flow Measurement

    Provides technical discussion and illustrations for nine (9) different green energy and green-house gas flow measurement applications.  Includes landfill gas, biomass fermentation, wastewater digesters, on-farm biogas recovery, ethanol production/refining, coal mine and coal bed methane (CMM, CBM), biomass gasification, flare gas and flue gas.  Discussion includes overview of each ...

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the petroleum industry

    The measurement and control of gas flows in production, refinery, and R&D operations has a direct effect on efficiency, costs, safety, and environmental standards. Sierra mass flow meters and controllers pro- vide direct, fast-response measurement at all levels, to make any opera- tion more effective. Here is a brief summary of the advantages they offer the industry. Direct, Wide-Range ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the primary metals

    Mass flow meters can provide precision measurement and control of proccss gases in many phases of plant operation. They make processes more repeatable and provide greater control over quality and costs. Sierra mass flow meters were designed for these purposes. They can make any plant more cost-effective in several ways: Aluminum Purification: Automated Gas Flow Control The last ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Green House Gas Flow Monitoring

    This article addresses the challenges and solutions to flow measurement of green house gases in various industry applications.  GHG flow monitoring regulations are discussed and addressed. Last year the EPA implemented new regulations entitled “Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases.” The new regulations called for certain facilities emitting 25,000 metric tons or more per year ...

  • Two Technologies for Flow Measurement from Outside a Pipe

    Doppler and Transit Time are two very popular types of flow meter for non-invasive measurement of flow in full pipes. We tend to confuse these technologies because they are both ultrasonic and both measure flow by using sensors clamped onto the outside of a pipe. In the real world they actually work best in opposite applications. Success in your installation depends on understanding the ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Sub-metering of natural gas-flexible flow measurement delivers improved accuracy and substantial savings

    Introduction Unlike oil, natural gas exists in abundance in the United States. Of the natural gas consumed in the United States in 2011,95% was produced domestically. The U.S. Energy Information Administration projects U.S. natural gas production to increase from 23.0 trillion cubic feet in 2011 to 33.1 trillion cubic feet in 2040, a 44% increase. Almost all of this increase in ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Fire prevention measures in gas fired boiler’s operation

    Gas fired boiler is a kind of industrial boiler using natural or coal gas as fuel,its fuel is risky,especially,fire leakage in the operation is easy to ...


  • Canopy gas exchange measurements of cotton in an open system

    A portable, open transparent chamber system for measuring canopy gas exchanges was developed and tested. Differentials between incoming and outgoing atmospheric H2O and CO2 concentrations were used to calculate canopy transpiration (E) and net assimilation (A) at 10-s intervals using solenoid valve actuated sample lines connected to an infrared gas analyzer. A programmable data logger controlled ...

  • Projected leaf area and flow rate - options and observed effects on gas exchange measurements with CIRAS-2

    From a practical and theoretical standpoint, the objective in using gas exchange technology is to capture representative plant/soil physiological data, holding instrument error to a minimum. A basic goal in this is to ensure that sampling reflects real responses to natural or imposed environmental variability (treatments). Whether from an observational or experimental approach, the physiological ...


    By PP Systems

  • Flow measurement technology comparison: GA5000 Vs Hot Wire Anemometer

    A typical landfill or contaminated land site under investigation will comprise of a suitable number of gas monitoring wells, with a planned series of monitoring visits.  The monitoring will include gas flow measurements, which together with methane and carbon dioxide concentrations will be used to calculate gas screening values (GSV) and hence allow the determination of whether any gas ...


    By Geotech

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries

    Pharmaceutical and biorech companies can fine-tune costs, quality, and emissions if they are equipped with more effective measurement sys- tems. Sierra mass flow meters and controllers provide precise measure- ment and control designed for process industries. They can make any plant more cost-effective in the following ways: Controlling Gas Flow To Fermenters The flow of gases to ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Use of anaerobic respirometers for measuring gas production in toxicity and treatability tests

    Introduction Anaerobic processes are used widely for stabilizing domestic sludges, treating industrial wastes, and converting biomass to methane. These processes frequently receive complex organic chemicals that are classified as being hazardous or toxic. Despite advances in our understanding of anaerobic reactions, there is limited information regarding the impact of toxic chemicals on the ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Measurement of Sulfur in Refinery Flare Gas Streams for Compliance with EPA SubpartJ(a) Regulations

    The Challenge Measurement of high range and low range H,S in refinery flare gas streams for compliance with EPA regulation NSPS Subpart J(a). The rule has placed an extra investment and operational burden on petroleum refineries to meet the regulatory requirement. AMETEK offers an economical solution to meet the challenge with an emphasis on lower capital and operating cost along with ...

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