gas meter Articles

  • A CFD study of the effect of venturi geometry on high pressure wet gas metering

    Venturi meter is increasingly being preferred as wet gas flow meter because of its simple construction and ease of operation. It has been found that the performance of venturi in single phase gas is very different from that of water. In this work, with a view to optimise the design, the effects of diameter, diameter ratio and convergent angle on the performance of a venturi meter for wet gas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tech Note: Flare Gas Measurement Innovation; Retain Flow Metering Accuracy Even if Gas Composition Changes

    It’s a fact oil wells almost always produce natural gas along with the petroleum. Nine times out of ten, the excess gas (typically hydrocarbons) is flared off or simply vented as-is during upset conditions in the process. The environmental impacts of “flaring” this excess gas into our atmosphere has resulted in government regulations like 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart OOOO (also ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Sub-metering of natural gas-flexible flow measurement delivers improved accuracy and substantial savings

    Introduction Unlike oil, natural gas exists in abundance in the United States. Of the natural gas consumed in the United States in 2011,95% was produced domestically. The U.S. Energy Information Administration projects U.S. natural gas production to increase from 23.0 trillion cubic feet in 2011 to 33.1 trillion cubic feet in 2040, a 44% increase. Almost all of this increase in ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Preventable Mistakes with Vortex Flow Meters

    Vortex flow meter technology is an ideal technology for many applications particularly saturated and supersaturated steam, volumetric water applications as well as flow energy management (natural gas, compressed air, steam, water) in facilities and large campuses. In some of these applications, vortex installations can be tricky and take flow expertise for the most successful installations. Kam ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • How an Ultrasonic Flow Meter Works

    An ultrasonic flow meter utilizes ultrasound to measure the velocity of a fluid and is used in a variety of fluid applications. Ultrasonic flowmeters are ideal for water and other liquids. Clamp-on ultrasonic flow meters achieve high accuracy at low and high flows, save time with no pipe cutting or process shutdown, and are not affected by external noise. Here’s how ultrasonic flow ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Gas Mass Flow Metering - Innovations Promise More Economical Choices- White Paper

    Introduction As the drive towards energy independence in the United States continues at full speed, oil and gas companies are turning to hydraulic fracturing to increase production. Increasingly stringent state and national regulations for flare gas in particular now require the installation of mass flow measurement instruments to measure waste and excess gases burned off as a result ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Smartest smart meter: The gasoline pump?

    Americans do many things well. These things do not include sacrifice of creature comforts. So it came as a surprise to see US Rep. Brian Baird (D-Wash) suggest we can avert 20% of our energy use if we take short “military showers” over 20 weeks.  Who the heck is going to do that? We already know from Jimmy Carter-era energy policies that lecturing Americans does not result in sustained ...

  • Wastewater Plant Relies on Thermal Flow Meter for Co-Gen Power Gas Blending Process

    The Rahway Valley Sewerage Authority (RVSA), which operates a large wastewater treatment plant in New Jersey, embarked on a green co-generation waste-to-energy project to power a portion of its operations. The plant performs primary, secondary, tertiary and sludge treatment processes in serving over 250,000 residential customers and 3000 industrial and commercial customers in a 40-plus square ...


    By Modern Pumping Today

  • How to analyze H2S, All Mercaptans, THT and Total Sulfur for Monitoring Natural Gas or Gaseous Fuels in Metering Stations

    Chromatotec has been pleased to participate to the last issue of Petro Industry News with an article on “How to analyze H2S, All Mercaptans, THT and Total Sulfur for Monitoring Natural Gas or Gaseous ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • New Developments in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters: In-The-Field Compensation for Changes in Natural Gas Composition

    Introduction The flow of natural gas in pipelines is often complicated by changes in the composition of the gas. The method described in this paper solves the problem of variable composition via a new four-temperature mass flow sensor. The new (low sensor feeds its measurements into the algorithms of an advanced mathematical model that includes gas properties in its calculations. The method ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • How to analyze H2S, all Mercaptans, THT as well as total sulfur for monitoring natural gas or gaseous fuels in metering station?

    Natural gas is colourless and odourless in its most pure form. When extracted, it can contain sulfur compounds such as H2S and Mercaptans that when in the presence of moisture can produce sulfuric acid that can degrade the pipeline. So for reasons of public safety as well as pipeline integrity, there is a need to measure and control precisely the level of odorant species in natural gas : ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • TDLAS Gas Detection Instrumentation

    PKL Technologies Inc. manufactures tunable diode laser (TDLAS) based gas detectors and monitors. Spectra-1 open path gas sensors are used in a variety of environmental and safety remote sensing applications. Spectra-1 gas sensors have been designed in a compact, easy to use, robust and portable format. Spectra-1 has been developed using proprietary hardware and software, to produce a low cost ...


    By PKL Technologies Inc.

  • Digester gas - case study

    BV Dairy, of Dorset, is aiming to cut its carbon footprint by more than 65% as a pioneer of liquid Anaerobic Digestion (AD) technology BV Dairy, Shaftsbury, Dorset Established in 1958, BV Dairy processes around 35 million litres of milk per year, sourced from 35 farms located near its site. The product range includes fresh and cultured dairy products for sale to the UK’s ...


    By ENER-G

  • VIDEO: Mass Flow Meters for Power Plant Applications

    Generating electricity in a natural gas power plant is a complex process due to the multiple steps involved with the different types of fluids being used and optimized. Dr. John Olin, Founder of Sierra Instruments, explains how thermal mass flow meters, vortex flow meters, and ultrasonic flow meters can improve the flow energy management in power plant ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Detection of moisture in ammonia gas

    Problem Statement As technologies advance, so does the request for ultra high purity ammonia. Ultra high purity (UHP) ammonia is used in the semiconductor industries, production of flat panel displays, and a number of other applications. Due to this rising interest in UHP ammonia, manufacturers are having to battle ammonia’s most prominent and damaging impurity--moisture. For ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • New Developments in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters

    Introduction This paper describes a newly developed microprocessor-based thermal dispersion mass flow meter that uses four temperature sensing elements in its flow sensor instead of the traditional two elements and automatically manages changes in gas selection, gas temperature, gas pressure, and outside temperature. This new mass flow meter is ideally suited for apportionment applications ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Smart meters: Truly a cure for energy blindness?

    And now for a dose of reality.   No doubt smart meters are a good thing, but even their most ardent fans must admit that a degree of hoopla surrounds these little digital boxes. We hear that if consumers can just see how much power they use in real time, and what it costs, our energy woes will be no more.   Smart meters will even cure the blind. The energy blind that ...

  • How Does a Water Flow Meter Work?

    A water flow meter is a device that measures the amount of water flowing through a pipe. There are several water flow meter technologies to choose from depending on the water measurement application, maintenance requirements, and budgetary terms.  Each of these types of water flow meters has a unique principle of operation, specific application benefits, and overall ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • How Does a Water Flow Meter Work?

    A flow meter works by measuring the amount of a gas, liquid or steam that passes through or around the flow meter sensors. While flow meter sensors work in many different ways, the end goal is the same: Deliver the most accurate and repeatable flow measurements for the specific application, whether for general research, process control or semiconductor processing. Flow meters measure either mass ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

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